AMarsh Woundwort

AMarsh Woundwort

Marsh Woundwort

Marsh cares for the slugs and snails that live in its nursery and keeps them in good health. Although it spends a lot of time with these little snails and slugs, Marsh has never told them about time. It was never able to know how long they’d be alive. With snail years, this is a serious problem.There is no rosette of basal leaves, but from each node emerges a pair of opposite unstalked or very short stalked leaves; these are a elongated, pointed (lanceolate), and shallowly toothed, like the leaves of Stinging Nettle. (When it is not in flower, it is quite possible to mistake Marsh Woundwort for a nettle - and vice versa!)


Marsh woundwort is a perennial plant growing from a horizontal tuberous runner. It has square stems with opposite pairs of leaves that are almost stalkless, linearly lanceolate, slightly cordate at the base and toothed. The calyx has five sharply-pointed lobes. The purplish-red flowers are in terminal spikes, with gaps in the lower part of the spike. They are arranged in whorls, each flower consisting of five fused petals, the corolla being two-lipped, the upper lip being gently hooded and the lower lip flat and three-lobed. The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees.Although the marsh woundwort has little fragrance, it is very attractive to bumblebees. Nectar indicators guide the insect to probe into the centre of the flower and the anthers of the stamens and the pistils are correctly located for the insect to transfer pollen between flowers. The seeds of this plant disperse well, the dry fruit capsules float away and this probably why the plant is frequently found on the banks of lakes and other bodies of water. It also spreads vegetatively by means of hollow tuberous root which can throw up shoots far from the original plant.

Marsh woundwort produces clusters of pink or purple flowers. This plant is often confused with betony and hedge woundwort, which are close relatives in the mint family with similar blooms. However, you can distinguish it from these species – marsh woundwort does not possess the nose-punching, overpowering scent that hedge woundwort does, and also often has noticeable, rigid hairs on its stem while wood betony has soft, fiSometimes known by other names such as hedge nettle, marsh hedgenettle, clown’s woundwort, and clown’s heal-all, marsh woundwort is an herb in the mint (Lamiaceae) family. This is a large family, which includes many aromatic plants such as sage, rosemary, oregano, thyme, and lavender. Plants in the mint family can be found worldwide. Marsh woundwort specifically is native to Europe and Asia, but it has also been introduced to areas of North America. Much of the US considers it to be native, while Canada considers it invasive. (Source:en.wikipedia.org)



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