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One of the most powerful garden scents of spring comes from hyacinth (Hyacinthus orientalis) in bloom. Although it is lovely to most people, the aroma can be overpowering to others. Even at a distance, you'll notice these flowers' intense fragrance and the spikes of intensely bright tubular flowers emerging from strap-shaped leaves. Introduced to Europe during the 16th century, hyacinth's popularity sparked Dutch bulb growers to breed more than 2,000 cultivars by the 18th century, and today there are about 60 to choose from in commercial cultivation.
Most varieties of hyacinth bulbs are fairly large. For spring garden blooms, plant hyacinth bulbs in the fall six to eight weeks before the first frost. They should be placed root-end-down (widest side down), about 4 to 6 inches deep. Give them some room to spread out by spacing them about 3 to 6 inches apart. Cover with soil, and water well. Water the ground well after you plant the bulbs. Continue watering into winter if there is no regular rain, but allow the ground to dry out between watering. If the bulbs sit in cool, wet soil, they will eventually rot. Check the ground by sticking your finger in, and water only when it's totally dry. Usually, this is once or twice a week, depending on your climate. Generally speaking, about 1/2 inch of water per week—combined irrigation and rainfall—will be sufficient for hyacinths. But this depends on how well the soil drains. These plants are native to the eastern Mediterranean, and keep in mind the relative dryness of that region when determining how much (and how frequently) to water.
Like most perennial bulbs, hyacinths are best propagated by splitting off offset bulbs from the mother plant. While hyacinths can be propagated from seed, it can take several years to coax the seed into creating a bulb and to nurture the bulb into a sizable structure that will produce a flowering plant. Therefore, most gardeners seeking to propagate hyacinths do it by splitting off the offsets from mature plants in the fall. Even this method can take two or three years before the bulblet grows to a size sufficient to produce large, vibrant flowers. Thus, propagating hyacinths is an activity best practiced by serious enthusiasts.When planting in pots, either plastic or clay will do, provided they have good drainage. The size of the container depends on how many bulbs you are planting, but hyacinth bulbs can be spaced more closely than when planting in the ground because the bulbs won't need room to multiply. You can squeeze them in so they are almost touching, but leave room for some soil in between to hold water. (Source: www.thespruce.com)