AElderberry Sambucus Canadensis

AElderberry Sambucus Canadensis

Elderberry Sambucus Canadensis

Sambucus is a genus of flowering plants, the species Canadensis being a member of the Elderberry family, genus Sambucus. It is native to temperate areas of Eurasia and North America.American Elderberry is a native thicket-forming shrub or small tree that can be found in all areas of NC along streams, marshes, moist forests and disturbed areas. It may grow 9 to 12 feet tall, is somewhat woody and has an arching spreading form. The compound leaves are attractive and in summer, small white flowers are borne in dense clusters. Flowers are followed by a purple-black drupe that is produced in drooping clusters in late summer to fall.


The valley elderberry longhorn beetle, Desmocerus californicus dimorphus, a species listed as threatened under the US Endangered Species Act, uses S. canadensis as a food plant. The elderberry beetle is endemic to oak [Quercus] woodlands in Sacramento and the upper San Joaquin Valley of California where S. canadensis grows. The primary threat to this beetle species is loss of habitat, insecticide and herbicide use and lack of elderberry shrubs as a food plant (Stevens, 2001; US Fish & Wildlife Service, 2017).The American elderberry, sometimes known as the common elderberry, is a deciduous shrub with bright white flowers and small, dark berries. Known by many different names, including black elderberry and American black elderberry, this shrub makes a lovely addition to any garden or landscape thanks to its lush green leaves, sprays of flowers, and edible fruits.

For the first few years of growing American elderberry, just focus on allowing your bush to get established. Do the bare minimum when it comes to pruning your shrub and check it for invasive weeds (a common problem for the shallow-rooted plant) periodically. Don't expect to reap any huge berry harvests, either—you likely won't get a worthwhile harvest until your second or third year. For the most successful bush, plant your American elderberry in a soil that is humusy and moist. That being said, the plant can tolerate a variety of soil conditions, but whatever you choose must be well-draining. A neutral-to-acidic pH level is recommended as well. When planting your American elderberry, choose a spot that isn't prone to standing water (the plants have shallow roots and can rot easily) and plant each shrub at least a few feet apart from one another to allow them to grow freely. (Source: www.thespruce.com)



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