ABirds Foot Violet

ABirds Foot Violet

Birds Foot Violet

Birds Foot Violet, or BFF, is one of the most important tools in our tool chest. It channels information between team members and makes the flow of communication efficient and manageable.Viola pedata (Bird's Foot Violet) matures to 3" in height and has purple flowers with orange centers. The leaves are shaped like bird's feet. Bird's Foot Violet prefers drier soil conditions; preferably sandy soils, and grows best in full sun to partial shade.Viola pedata is one of the larval host plants for the Edward's Fritillary butterfly, Great Spangled Fritillary butterfly, the Mormon Fritillary butterfly, the Coronis Fritillary butterfly, and the Variegated Fritillary butterfly.


Bird-foot violet is a low, clumped perennial, 4-10 in. high, with large, almost pansy-sized flowers. The leaves, almost round in outline, are 3/4-2 inches long, deeply cut into 3-5 segments, and these again narrowly lobed. The leaf stem is 4-6 inches long. Flowers are pale to dark purple, broad, flat, 1-1 1/2 inches across. They have 5 petals, the 2 upper ones smaller than the lower 3 and deep violet. The lowest petal has the dark streakings which are common to most violets. There are 5 stamens with brilliant orange anthers. The Bird's-foot Violet is a stemless perennial herb; the leaves and stalks arise from an underground stem called a rhizome. The leaves have no hairs and are primarily three-parted, with the divisions being further subdivided into three to five linear segments.

A single lilac-purple flower is borne at the end of each tall flower stalk. The flower has five petals, which may all be the same colour, or the upper two may be darker than the lower three. The small seeds, which measure 2.0 to 2.2 mm, are copper coloured.Bird-Foot Violet is a native herbaceous plant that may grow 4 to 8 inches high. This plant has basal leaves only that tend to have 3 lobes. The common name comes from the shape of the leaves, they resemble a birds foot. Lavender-blue or bi-colored flowers with orange anthers appear from early to late spring and may recur in fall. It occurs naturally in rocky, open woods, sandy prairies & pine lands. This species is restricted to undisturbed, high-quality habitats and occurs in the North Carolina mountains, the Piedmont and the coastal areas. It is often considered one of the prettiest violas. (Source:mdc.mo.gov))



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