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2aa Fraction Calculator
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Unlike adding and subtracting integers such as 2 and 8, fractions require a common denominator to undergo these operations. One method for finding a common denominator involves multiplying the numerators and denominators of all of the fractions involved by the product of the denominators of each fraction. Multiplying all of the denominators ensures that the new denominator is certain to be a multiple of each individual denominator. The numerators also need to be multiplied by the appropriate factors to preserve the value of the fraction as a whole. This is arguably the simplest way to ensure that the fractions have a common denominator. However, in most cases, the solutions to these equations will not appear in simplified form (the provided calculator computes the simplification automatically). Below is an example using this method.
An alternative method for finding a common denominator is to determine the least common multiple (LCM) for the denominators, then add or subtract the numerators as one would an integer. Using the least common multiple can be more efficient and is more likely to result in a fraction in simplified form. In the example above, the denominators were 4, 6, and 2. The least common multiple is the first shared multiple of these three numbers. (Source: www.calculator.net)
When fractions have unlike denominators the first step is to find equivalent fractions so that all of the denominators are the same. We find the Least Common Denominator (LCD) then rewrite all fractions in the equation as equivalent fractions using the LCD as the denominator. When all denominators are alike, simply add or subtract the numerators and place the result over the common denominator. The resulting fraction can be simplified to lowest terms or written as a mixed number.
However, this was one of the easiest examples of adding fractions. The process may become slightly more difficult if we face a situation when the denominators of the fractions involved in the calculation are different. Nonetheless, there is a rule that allows us to carry out this type of calculations effectively. Remember the first thing: when adding the fractions, the denominators must always be the same, or, to put it in mathematicians language - the fractions should have a common denominator. In order to do that, we need to look at the denominator that we have. Here is an example: 2⁄3 + 3⁄5. So, we do not have a common denominator yet. Therefore, we use the multiplication table to find the number that is the product of the multiplication of 5 by 3. This is 15. So, the common denominator for this fraction will be 15. However, this is not the end. If we divide 15 by 3 we get 5. So, now we need to multiply the first fraction's numerator by 5 which gives us 10 (2 x 5). Also, we multiply the second fraction's denominator by 3 because 15⁄5 = 3. We get 9 (3 x 3 = 9). Now we can input all these numbers into the expression: 10⁄15 + 9⁄15 = 19⁄15 (Source: goodcalculators.com)