Cardinal Flower Perennialor

Cardinal Flower Perennialor

Cardinal Flower Perennial

This 1-6 ft. perennial has showy, red flowers in 8 in., terminal spikes. Each flower has three spreading lower petals and two upper petals, all united into a tube at the base. Erect leafy stems, often in clusters, with racemes of flowers resembling flaming red spires. The lower portion of the erect stem is lined with lance-shaped leaves.Perennials bring their own traditional beauty at the beginning of the season and through the seasons. Though perennials’ beauty is consistent and long-lasting, they also require some work. Gradually place wood chips around the flat of the cardinal flower perennials in groups of four or five. The wood chips will help keep the plants out of the wet in the fall and winter seasons when the soil is wet.


A top performer that is perfect for the late summer garden, Lobelia cardinalis (Cardinal Flower) is a popular, upright, clump-forming perennial boasting a profusion of flower spikes densely packed with brilliant, cardinal red, two-lipped blossoms, 2 in. long (5 cm), from midsummer to early fall. Borne on erect, alternate-leafed stalks rising above a rosette of lance-shaped, glossy bright green leaves, this architectural plant adds vertical interest to the landscape. Extremely hardy, low care, and fairly pest and disease-free, Cardinal Flower tends to be short-lived, although it may self-seed in ideal growing conditions (without becoming invasive)!Cardinal flower, Lobelia cardinalis, is a native American plant that is often used as an ornamental garden plant. This showy species in the bellflower family (Campanulaceae) has a wide distribution, throughout the eastern US (including Wisconsin and Minnesota) and from southeastern Canada through Mexico and Central America to northern Colombia in South America.

Lobelia cardinalis is easily grown in moist soils in full sun to partial shade. It has few pests and is not favored by deer or rabbits. Flower stalks may need to be staked depending on the exposure to strong winds. It is considered a short-lived perennial, because it will die after blooming, although offsets will continue growing to perpetuate the plant. It can be propagated by division, removing the young plants that develop around the perimeter of established clumps, or can be grown from seed. Plants often reseed on their own, or seed can be sown on the soil surface (they need light to germinate). (One of our best-known native wildflowers, the Cardinal Flower adapts well to garden condition, especially in moist areas beside ponds or water features. It forms an upright mound of green foliage, bearing taller spikes of scarlet-red flowers in mid to late summer. Attractive to both hummingbirds and butterflies. Not usually long lived but will sometimes self-seed where happy. Clumps may be divided in early spring. Received a Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit (1993). CAUTION: Harmful if eaten. (Source: www.perennials.com)



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