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Arrowhead Root can be found along stream and river banks in intertidal mudflats and other wet areas. It is a perennial aquatic herb with distinctive succulent green arrow-shaped leaves that grow alternately from a rhizome. Each leaf grows on one stem. The whole plant can reach heights of up to 3 ft. Arrowhead flowers bloom in sets of 3 on a central stem from July through September. Each flower has three white petals up to an inch long with many stamens. Walnut-sized edible tubers develop on roots/rhizomes from the central part of the plant. These tubers contain a milky juice.
Arrowhead was a favorite food of many Native North American tribes. All thirty some varieties or species of arrowhead (Sagittaria), members of the Water Plantain Family (Alismatacea), are edible and can be used in the same ways. Arrowhead plants may be confused with other aquatic plants with similarly shaped leaves, such as arrow-arum, green arum, tuckahoe (Peltandra sp.), wild calla (Calla palustris), and pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata)(Fernald and Kinsey 1958: 87). Use the description bellow to verify that you have selected the correct plant before consuming it. Arrowhead is also known as duck potato, arrowleaf, swan potato, wapatoo, wappato, katniss, swamp potato, and tule-potato (Angier  1974: 12).Though there is some variation in types of arrowhead plants, all can be identified by the following description. Arrowhead is a perennial aquatic herb with arrow-shaped leaves that grow alternately from a rhizome. Each leaf, which ranges from 1.5 to 6 dm long, grows on one stem. The whole plant can reach heights of up to 1 meter (3 ft). Arrowhead flowers bloom in sets of 3 on a central stem from July through September. Each flower has three white 1-2 cm long petals and has many stamens. Walnut sized tubers or corms develop on roots/rhizomes about a meter from the central part of the plant. These tubers contain a milky juice (Clarke 1977: 140)(Medve and Medve 1990: 90).
Check the pot every 5-10 minutes; as the liquid evaporates, add more water 1 cup at a time, stir, and replace the lid. Continue doing that until the meat is fork-tender and the sauce is thickened enough to coat the pork. In my case, it took 5 cups of water, and about 1 hour and 15 minutes to fully cook the pork and arrowhead root. If using potatoes, cut them into chunks and stir them in after the pork has cooked for about 45 minutes.Broadleaf arrowhead, also referred to as the common arrowhead, is a perennial aquatic plant in the Alismataceae (water plantain) family. Although this plant occurs naturally in many areas, it is also a sought-after aquatic plant that is cultivated by those who have ponds or waterways on their property. The common names of duck potato and wapato for this plant are in reference to the enlarged rounded starchy golf ball-sized tubers that form at the ends of underground plant runners (rhizomes). When dislodged from the mud, these tubers float to the surface. (Source: www.ediblewildfood.com)