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FutureStarrWhat Is a Utior
UTIs are a type of urinary tract infection. In order to properly diagnose and diagnose, signs and symptoms of UTIs need to be considered. Some signs and symptoms of a UTI include blood in the urine, pain while urinating, a burning sensation when urinating, and cloudy urine.
When you have a UTI, the lining of the bladder and urethra become red and irritated just as your throat does when you have a cold. The irritation can cause pain in your lower abdomen pelvic area and even lower back, and will usually make you feel like urinating more often. Burning or pain when urinating is the most common symptom. You may even feel a strong urge or need to urinate but only get a few drops. This is because the bladder is so irritated that it makes you feel like you have to urinate, even when you don't have much urine in your bladder. At times, you may lose control and leak urine. You may also find that your urine smells bad and is cloudy.
A simple UTI can be treated with a short course of antibiotic meds. A short, 3-day course of an appropriate antibiotic will often treat most uncomplicated UTIs. However, some infections may need to be treated longer. Pain and the urge to urinate often go away after a few doses, but you should still take the full course of the antibiotic to ensure all the UTI is treated, even if you feel better. Unless UTIs are fully treated, they can often return. You should also drink plenty of liquids, especially around the time of a UTI. The urine sample needs to be a “clean catch” sample. This means the urine sample is collected at the middle of your urinary stream, rather than at the beginning. This helps to avoid collecting bacteria or yeast from your skin, which can contaminate the sample. Your doctor will explain to you how to get a clean catch. (Source: www.healthline.com)
Secretory defenses help promote bacterial clearance and prevent adherence. Secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA) reduces attachment and invasion of bacteria in the urinary tract. Women who are nonsecretors of the ABH blood antigens appear to be at higher risk for recurrent UTIs; this may occur because of a lack of specific glycosyltransferases that modify epithelial surface glycolipids, allowing E coli to bind to them better.
Less often, UTIs involve the upper urinary tract, which includes the kidneys (the organs that filter liquid waste from the blood and create urine) and the ureters (the tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder). A UTI infection in the kidneys, called pyelonephritis or a kidney infection, most often begins in the bladder and moves up through the ureters to one or both kidneys. In certain cases, a kidney infection can lead to serious health problems. (5) (Source: www.everydayhealth.com)