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Solidago Patulaor

Solidago Patulaor

Solidago Patula

Solidago patula Muhl. is distinguished by having finely scabrous leaves and striate-ridged stems. As treated here it includes only ssp. patula in Flora North America (Semple & Cook 2006 FNA); ssp. strictula is treated now as S. salicina following Semple et al. (2012). The two species were placed in S. subsect. Patulae Semple & J.B. Beck in S. sect. Argutae by Semple and Beck (2021) based on unpublished DNA sequence data. The two species were included in a multivariate analysis of S. sect. Argutae by Semple et al. (2021). This species is diploid throughout its range.

Solidago

Hassler, M. 2018. Solidago patula. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Mar. 20. Reference page.Solidago patula Muhl. is distinguished by having finely scabrous leaves and striate-ridged stems. As treated here it includes only ssp. patula in Flora North America (Semple & Cook 2006 FNA); ssp. strictula is treated now as S. salicina following Semple et al. (2012). The two species were placed in S. subsect. Patulae Semple & J.B. Beck in S. sect. Argutae by Semple and Beck (2021) based on unpublished DNA sequence data. The two species were included in a multivariate analysis of S. sect. Argutae by Semple et al. (2021). This species is diploid throughout its range.

Hassler, M. 2018. Solidago patula. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Mar. 20. Reference page.Faunal Associations: The nectar and pollen of the flowerheads attract honeybees, bumblebees, leaf-cutting bees, Andrenine bees, Sphecid wasps, and Vespid wasps (Wilhelm & Rericha, 2017). The following bees are specialist pollinators of Solidago spp. (Goldenrods): Andrena hirticincta, Andrena nubecula, Andrena placata, Andrena simplex, Andrena solidaginis, and Colletes simulans armata. Some of these bees also visit Aster spp. (Asters). Other insects feed on the foliage, flowers, and other parts of goldenrods (Solidago spp.). These species include leaf beetles, larvae of leaf-miner flies, larvae of gall flies, larvae of fruit flies, plant bugs, stink bugs, aphids, leafhoppers, treehoppers, armored scale insects, mealybugs, grasshoppers, and larvae of many moths. The Insect Table has a more complete list of these species. Some vertebrate animals also use these plants as a source of food. Songbirds eating the seeds include the Indigo Bunting, Slate-colored Junco, Swamp Sparrow, American Tree Sparrow, and American Goldfinch. Among herbivorous mammals, goldenrods are eaten by the White-tailed Deer, Cottontail Rabbit, Meadow Vole, Prairie Vole, and Woodland Vole (DeVore et al, 2004; Martin et al., 1951/1961). (Source: www.illinoiswildflowers.info)

 

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