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Microbial inoculants are employed in food processing to improve the nutritional value and food properties such as aroma, taste, texture, safety, and shelf-life (Vitorino and Bessa, 2017). Microbial inoculants are also used for food fermentation and preservation (Borneman et al., 2013). Quite a number of value adding products like vitamins, flavor compounds, enzymes, dyes, and food ingredients are produced by the application of microbial inoculants (Lipkie et al., 2016; Vitorino and Bessa, 2017). Some important pharmacological molecules are also produced using microbial inoculants (Vitorino and Bessa, 2017).It’s like mycorrhizal fungi, you never know it’s there, until it’s too late. If you had only a few centuries of farming to look back on, you would have had no reason to know that mycorrhizal fungi played a key role. But 4,000 years of farming is enough to know that something is missing.
Several synthetic fertilizers contain acid radicals, such as hydrochloride and sulfuric radicals, and hence increase the soil acidity and adversely affect soil and plant health. Highly recalcitrant compounds can also be absorbed by some plants. Continuous consumption of such crops can lead to systematic disorders in humans. Quite a number of pesticides and herbicides have carcinogenicity potential. The increasing awareness of health challenges as a result of consumption of poor quality crops has led to a quest for new and improved technologies of improving both the quantity and quality of crop without jeopardizing human health. A reliable alternative to the use of chemical inputs is microbial inoculants that can act as biofertilizers, bioherbicide, biopesticides, and biocontrol agents. Microorganisms are able to carry out the plant growth promotion, pest and disease and weed control. Microbial inoculants are beneficiary microorganisms applied to either the soil or the plant in order to improve productivity and crop health.
Microbial inoculants are natural-based products being widely used to control pests and improve the quality of the soil and crop, and hence human health. Microbial inoculants involve a blend of microorganisms that work with the soil and the soil life to improve soil fertility and health and by extension improve human health. Microbial inoculants have the ability to minimize the negative impact of chemical input and consequently increase the quantity and quality of farm produce. Microbial inoculants are environmental-friendly and deliver plant nutrients to plants in a more sustainable manner. Microbial inoculants can help reduce chemical fertilizer application. Microbial inoculants could include bacteria, fungi and algae. This research summarizes the impact of agricultural chemical inputs on human health. The contribution of microbial inoculants in sustainable maintenance of human health will be expatiated. Advances in microbial inoculants and technology and strategies to explore this natural, user friendly biological resource for sustainable maintenance of plant health will be discussed. (Source: www.frontiersin.org)