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The response to the number of nations on the planet is definitely not a clear answer. There are a couple of various responses to this inquiry, contingent upon who you ask and where you ask the inquiry. The absolute number differs, contingent upon the source and the meaning of what a nation is.
The quantity of nations on the planet relies upon the definition.
We should begin with what characterizes a country. As a general rule, there is definitely not a standard meaning of what is a nation.
A nation could be characterized as a spot that has a lasting populace, exists in a particular topographical region, and can oversee itself with practical political designs.
A guide showing an edited perspective on focal European nations. Guide: Natural Earth Data.Map showing a trimmed perspective on focal European nations. Guide: Natural Earth Data.
A nation could likewise be a gathering of individuals with a typical social foundation, personality, and customs.
A sovereign country or state needs to make arrangements, lead exchange, and work strategically with different nations; basically, it's anything but a working government.
Thus, albeit a gathering of individuals may distinguish themselves as having a place with a specific spot, they may not be viewed as a country on the off chance that they don't involve any domain or land. Also, a nation may have land however not have a working government, which makes different countries unfit to direct unfamiliar relations with it.
As per the United Nations, the body coordinated to maintain the privileges of individuals all throughout the planet, another nation must be perceived by different states who are individuals from the United Nations before it's anything but a country.
The acknowledgment of another state accepts that this new state is willing and ready to expect conciliatory relations with other part nations of the United Nations.
Banners addressing part nations fly before the United Nations Headquarters in New York. Photograph: USAID, public domain Flags addressing part nations fly before the United Nations Headquarters in New York.
As a rule, a definitive nation check lies on the quantity of UN part expresses that are perceived by that worldwide body. There are 193 individuals, which could suggest that there are 193 nations
There are 193 nations that are perceived individuals from the UN just as two UN eyewitness states. The two UN spectator states are the Holy See (otherwise called the Vatican) and the Palestinian Authority.
Also, there are six nations that have gotten fractional acknowledgment from UN part states. These are Taiwan, Western Sahara, Kosovo, South Ossetia, Abkhazia, and Northern Cyprus.
These regions are guaranteed by different nations yet are not constrained by them. Contingent upon the sort of guide you take a gander at, these nations will be encircled by a dabbed line instead of a strong one outlining an autonomous country from the nations around it.
There are likewise some mostly perceived states like the Cook Islands, which regularly behave like autonomous nations however have not pronounced freedom or shown interest in joining the UN.
There are just three self-pronounced countries that have not been perceived by any UN part states; they are Somaliland, Transnistria, and Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh).
Guide showing oneself announced country of Transnistria. Guide made with Natural Earth Data. Guide showing oneself proclaimed country of Transnistria. Guide made with Natural Earth Data.
In this way, if these nations are added together, there are 201 nations on the planet.
Yet, we're not done! In any case, contingent upon who you ask, there could be up to 249 nations on Earth. On a total rundown of nation codes you will discover 249 countries recorded, on the grounds that reliant domains and self-proclaimed countries are incorporated.
There are likewise 206 countries that contend in the Olympics, 211 countries that can play in the FIFA World Cup, and an aggregate of 204-207 self-proclaimed countries.
In this way, eventually, the response to the subject of the number of nations there are on the planet stays an inquiry with a wide range of potential answers.
With changes in political circumstances, like the disintegration of the USSR, new nations can be framed. While there aren't any set methodology for the foundation of another country, there are some broad boundaries as set up by global law.
The Montevideo Convention of 1933 arranged the explanatory hypothesis of statehood which set up four conditions under which a state could be set up as a country under worldwide law. These conditions are: 1) a characterized domain; 2) a perpetual populace; 3) an administration and 4) an ability to go into relations with different states.
The most youthful country on the planet is South Sudan, having gotten its autonomy from Sudan on July 9, 2011 after a submission.
This East-Central Africa is found south of Sudan, north of Uganda and Kenya, and west of Ethiopia. A landlocked country, South Sudan has an expected July 2020 populace of 10,561,244. South Sudan's capital, Juba, is one of the world's quickest developing urban communities. Just about 20% of South Sudan's populace lives in metropolitan regions.
The nation of Russia is the greatest country on the planet. The absolute space of 17,098,242 sq km with 720,500 sq km of that being water. This makes Russia about 1.8 occasions the size of the United States.
Guide showing the area of Russia. Guide: CIA, public space. Guide showing the area of Russia. Guide: CIA, public space.
Russia imparts a line to 14 nations: Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, Norway, Poland, and Ukraine.
Recorded here are the nations found inside every landmass.
The solitary landmass that has no nations is Antarctica albeit a few nations guarantee power in specific districts.
The mainland with the most nations is Africa with 54 perceived nations.
Guide of the mainland of Africa showing individual countries.Map of the landmass of Africa showing singular nations. Guide: Equal Earth, public area.
The mainland with minimal measure of nations is South America with 12 nations and three ward domains.
Guide of South America showing the countries.Map of South America showing the nations. Guide: Equal Earth, public space.
A few nations cover landmasses. For instance, Turkey and Russia topographically and politically riding the landmasses of Asia and Europe, these nations are recorded for the two mainlands. Nations that show up across various landmasses are noted with a mark.
The continent of Africa is the second-largest and second-most populous continent in the world. Africa has 54 fully recognized and independent countries.
List of countries in Africa with their capitals:
Algeria – Algiers
Angola – Luanda
Benin – Porto Novo, Cotonou
Botswana – Gaborone
Burkina Faso – Ouagadougou
Burundi – Gitega
Cameroon (also spelled Cameroun) – Yaoundé
Cape Verde – Praia
Central African Republic – Bangui
Chad (Tchad) – N’Djamena
Comoros – Moroni
Republic of the Congo – Brazzaville
Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire) – Kinshasa
Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) – Yamoussoukro
Djibouti – Djibouti
Egypt (Misr) – Cairo – spans the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge
Equatorial Guinea – Malabo
Eritrea – Asmara
Ethiopia (Abyssinia) – Addis Ababa
Gabon – Libreville
The Gambia – Banjul
Ghana – Accra
Guinea – Conakry
Guinea-Bissau – Bissau
Kenya – Nairobi
Lesotho – Maseru
Liberia – Monrovia
Libya – Tripoli
Madagascar – Antananarivo
Malawi – Lilongwe
Mali – Bamako
Mauritania – Nouakchott
Mauritius – Port Louis
Morocco (Al Maghrib) – Rabat
Mozambique – Maputo
Namibia – Windhoek
Niger – Niamey
Nigeria – Abuja
Rwanda – Kigali
São Tomé and Príncipe – São Tomé
Senegal – Dakar
Seychelles – Victoria, Seychelles
Sierra Leone – Freetown
Somalia – Mogadishu
South Africa – Pretoria
South Sudan – Juba
Sudan – Khartoum
Swaziland (Eswatini) – Mbabane
Tanzania – Dodoma
Togo – Lome
Tunisia – Tunis
Uganda – Kampala
Western Sahara – El Aaiún (disputed)
Zambia – Lusaka
Zimbabwe – Harare
Asia has 48 countries recognized by the United Nations. There are numerous highly autonomous regions and disputed areas.
The list of countries in Asia and their capitals:
Afghanistan – Kabul
Armenia – Yerevan
* Azerbaijan – Baku ~ Located in the Caucasus, between Europe and Asia
Bahrain – Manama
Bangladesh – Dhaka (à¦¢à¦¾à¦•à¦¾)
Bhutan – Thimphu
Brunei – Bandar Seri Begawan
Cambodia (Kampuchea) – Phnom Penh
China – Beijing
East Timor (Timor Leste) – Dili
* Georgia – Tbilisi ~ Located in the Caucasus, between Europe and Asia
India – New Delhi
* Indonesia – Jakarta ~ Lies partly in Oceania
Iran – Tehran
Iraq – Baghdad
Israel – Jerusalem
Japan – Tokyo
Jordan (Al Urdun) – Amman
* Kazakhstan – Nur-Sultan
Kuwait – Kuwait city
Kyrgyzstan – Bishkek
Laos – Vientiane
Lebanon (Lubnan) – Beirut
Malaysia – Kuala Lumpur
Maldives – Malé
Mongolia – Ulaanbaatar
Myanmar (Burma) – Naypyidaw
Nepal – Kathmandu
North Korea – Pyongyang
Oman – Muscat
Pakistan – Islamabad
Philippines – Manila
Qatar – Doha
* Russia – Moscow ~ Russia is a part of Asia geographically, but politically it is a part of Europe
Saudi Arabia – Riyadh
Singapore – Singapore
South Korea – Seoul
Sri Lanka – Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte (administrative), Colombo (commercial)
Syria – Damascus
Tajikistan – Dushanbe
Thailand (Muang Thai) – Bangkok
* Turkey – Ankara ~ 3rd largest country in Western Asia and the largest in Southeastern Europe
Turkmenistan – AÅŸgabat
Taiwan – Taipei
United Arab Emirates – Abu Dhabi
Uzbekistan – Tashkent
Vietnam – Hanoi
Yemen – Sana’a
Europe has 49 countries and de facto countries.
List of countries in Europe and their capitals:
Albania (Shqipëria) – Tirana
Andorra – Andorra la Vella
Austria (Österreich) – Vienna
Belarus (Ð‘ÐµÐ»Ð°Ñ€ÑƒÑÑŒ) – Minsk
Belgium (Dutch: België, French: Belgique, German: Belgien) – Brussels
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosna i Hercegovina) – Sarajevo
Bulgaria (Ð‘ÑŠÐ»Ð³Ð°Ñ€Ð¸Ñ) – Sofia
Croatia (Hrvatska) – Zagreb
Cyprus (ΚÏπρος) – Nicosia
Czech Republic (ÄŒesko) – Prague
Denmark (Danmark) – Copenhagen
Estonia (Eesti) – Tallinn
Finland (Suomi) – Helsinki
France – Paris
* Georgia – Tbilisi
Germany (Deutschland) – Berlin
Greece (ΕλλÎ¬δα) – Athens
Hungary (Magyarország) – Budapest
Iceland (Island) – Reykjavik ~ Iceland sits on the European – North American tectonic plates. The Western half sits in North America, while the Eastern half sits on the European tectonic plate.
Republic of Ireland (Éire) – Dublin
Italy (Italia) – Rome
* Kazakhstan – Nur-Sultan
Kosovo – Pristina ~ disputed territory with de facto independence.
Latvia (Latvija) – Riga
Liechtenstein – Vaduz
Lithuania (Lietuva) – Vilnius
Luxembourg – Luxembourg City
North Macedonia (ÐœÐ°ÐºÐµÐ´Ð¾Ð½Ð¸Ñ˜Ð°) – Skopje
Malta – Valletta
Moldova – Chisinau
Monaco – Monte Carlo Quarter
Montenegro (Crna Gora, Ð¦Ñ€Ð½Ð° Ð“Ð¾Ñ€Ð°) – Podgorica
Netherlands (Nederland) – Amsterdam (Capital), The Hague (Government)
Norway (Norge) – Oslo
Poland (Polska) – Warsaw
Portugal – Lisbon
Romania – Bucharest
* Russia – Moscow ~ Europe up to the Ural Mountains; Asia: the rest to Vladivostok)
San Marino – San Marino
Serbia (Ð¡Ñ€Ð±Ð¸Ñ˜Ð°) – Belgrade
Slovakia (Slovensko) – Bratislava
Slovenia (Slovenija) – Ljubljana
Spain (España) – Madrid
Sweden (Sverige) – Stockholm
Switzerland (German: Schweiz, French: Suisse, Italian: Svizzera, Romansh: Svizra) – Bern
* Turkey – Ankara ~ ~ 3rd largest country in Western Asia and the largest in Southeastern Europe
Ukraine (Ð£ÐºÑ€Ð°Ñ—Ð½Ð°) – Kyiv or Kiev
United Kingdom – London
Vatican City** (Italian: Città del Vaticano, Latin: Civitas Vaticana) – Vatican City – Vatican City State is a U.N observer state and not a U.N member.
North America has 23 countries and 22 dependent territories.
The list of countries and their capitals are:
United States – Washington, D.C.
Mexico – Mexico City
Nicaragua – Managua ( Central America)
Honduras – Tegucigalpa ( Central America)
Cuba – Havana
Guatemala – Guatemala
Panama – Panama City ( Central America)
Costa Rica – San José ( Central America)
Dominican Republic – Santo Domingo
Haiti – Port-au-Prince
Belize – Belmopan ( Central America)
El Salvador – San Salvador ( Central America)
The Bahamas – Nassau
Jamaica – Kingston
Trinidad and Tobago – Port of Spain
Dominica – Roseau
Saint Lucia – Castries
Antigua and Barbuda – St. John’s
Barbados – Bridgetown
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – Kingstown
Grenada – St. George’s
Saint Kitts and Nevis
South America has 12 countries. It is the fourth largest continent and fifth most populous. South America also has three dependent territories.
The list of South American countries and their capitals are:
Argentina – Buenos Aires
Bolivia – Sucré
Brazil (Brasil) – Brasília
Chile – Santiago
Colombia – Bogotá
Ecuador – Quito
Guyana – Georgetown
Paraguay – Asunción
Peru – Lima
Suriname – Paramaribo
Uruguay – Montevideo
Venezuela – Caracas
Oceania is the term used to describe Australia and the nations of the Pacific Ocean. There are 14 countries found in this region. In addition, part of Indonesia and the U.S. state of Hawaii are found in Oceania.
The list of countries and their capitals in Oceania is:
Australia – Canberra
Federated States of Micronesia – Palikir
Fiji – Suva
Kiribati – South Tarawa
Marshall Islands – Majuro
Nauru – no capital; biggest city is Yaren
New Zealand – Wellington
Palau – Melekeok
Papua New Guinea – Port Moresby
Samoa – Apia
Solomon Islands – Honiara
Tonga – Nuku’alofa
Tuvalu – Funafuti
Vanuatu – Port Vila