How many Countries in the World

How many Countries in the World


How many countries are there in the world?

Ask somebody the number of nations there are on the planet, and the response may assist you. Truth be told, although they may peril a shot in the dark, they may not be completely off-base.

green plants over the valley and mountains under blue sky

The response to the number of nations on the planet is definitely not a clear answer. There are a couple of various responses to this inquiry, contingent upon who you ask and where you ask the inquiry. The absolute number differs, contingent upon the source and the meaning of what a nation is.

The quantity of nations on the planet relies upon the definition.

What is the Definition of a Country?

We should begin with what characterizes a country. As a general rule, there is definitely not a standard meaning of what is a nation.

A nation could be characterized as a spot that has a lasting populace, exists in a particular topographical region, and can oversee itself with practical political designs.

A guide showing an edited perspective on focal European nations. Guide: Natural Earth Data.Map showing a trimmed perspective on focal European nations. Guide: Natural Earth Data.

A nation could likewise be a gathering of individuals with a typical social foundation, personality, and customs.

river near house under gray sky

A sovereign country or state needs to make arrangements, lead exchange, and work strategically with different nations; basically, it's anything but a working government.

Thus, albeit a gathering of individuals may distinguish themselves as having a place with a specific spot, they may not be viewed as a country on the off chance that they don't involve any domain or land. Also, a nation may have land however not have a working government, which makes different countries unfit to direct unfamiliar relations with it.

How many countries does the United Nations recognize?

As per the United Nations, the body coordinated to maintain the privileges of individuals all throughout the planet, another nation must be perceived by different states who are individuals from the United Nations before it's anything but a country.

The acknowledgment of another state accepts that this new state is willing and ready to expect conciliatory relations with other part nations of the United Nations.

Banners addressing part nations fly before the United Nations Headquarters in New York. Photograph: USAID, public domain Flags addressing part nations fly before the United Nations Headquarters in New York.

rice field near houses and mountain

As a rule, a definitive nation check lies on the quantity of UN part expresses that are perceived by that worldwide body. There are 193 individuals, which could suggest that there are 193 nations

There are 193 nations that are perceived individuals from the UN just as two UN eyewitness states. The two UN spectator states are the Holy See (otherwise called the Vatican) and the Palestinian Authority.

Also, there are six nations that have gotten fractional acknowledgment from UN part states. These are Taiwan, Western Sahara, Kosovo, South Ossetia, Abkhazia, and Northern Cyprus.

These regions are guaranteed by different nations yet are not constrained by them. Contingent upon the sort of guide you take a gander at, these nations will be encircled by a dabbed line instead of a strong one outlining an autonomous country from the nations around it.

The United Nations Membership List Doesn’t Account for All Countries.

There are likewise some mostly perceived states like the Cook Islands, which regularly behave like autonomous nations however have not pronounced freedom or shown interest in joining the UN.

There are just three self-pronounced countries that have not been perceived by any UN part states; they are Somaliland, Transnistria, and Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh).

Guide showing oneself announced country of Transnistria. Guide made with Natural Earth Data. Guide showing oneself proclaimed country of Transnistria. Guide made with Natural Earth Data.

In this way, if these nations are added together, there are 201 nations on the planet.

Yet, we're not done! In any case, contingent upon who you ask, there could be up to 249 nations on Earth. On a total rundown of nation codes you will discover 249 countries recorded, on the grounds that reliant domains and self-proclaimed countries are incorporated.

brown wooden fence near brown wooden house during daytime

There are likewise 206 countries that contend in the Olympics, 211 countries that can play in the FIFA World Cup, and an aggregate of 204-207 self-proclaimed countries.

In this way, eventually, the response to the subject of the number of nations there are on the planet stays an inquiry with a wide range of potential answers.

How Do New Countries Get Formed?

With changes in political circumstances, like the disintegration of the USSR, new nations can be framed. While there aren't any set methodology for the foundation of another country, there are some broad boundaries as set up by global law.

aerial view of green field

The Montevideo Convention of 1933 arranged the explanatory hypothesis of statehood which set up four conditions under which a state could be set up as a country under worldwide law. These conditions are: 1) a characterized domain; 2) a perpetual populace; 3) an administration and 4) an ability to go into relations with different states.

What is the Newest Country in the World?

The most youthful country on the planet is South Sudan, having gotten its autonomy from Sudan on July 9, 2011 after a submission.

brown wooden bridge over river during daytime

This East-Central Africa is found south of Sudan, north of Uganda and Kenya, and west of Ethiopia. A landlocked country, South Sudan has an expected July 2020 populace of 10,561,244. South Sudan's capital, Juba, is one of the world's quickest developing urban communities. Just about 20% of South Sudan's populace lives in metropolitan regions.

What is the Biggest Country in the World?

The nation of Russia is the greatest country on the planet. The absolute space of 17,098,242 sq km with 720,500 sq km of that being water. This makes Russia about 1.8 occasions the size of the United States.

Guide showing the area of Russia. Guide: CIA, public space. Guide showing the area of Russia. Guide: CIA, public space.

people at Forbidden City in China during daytime

Russia imparts a line to 14 nations: Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, Norway, Poland, and Ukraine.

Number of Countries by Continent

Recorded here are the nations found inside every landmass.

The solitary landmass that has no nations is Antarctica albeit a few nations guarantee power in specific districts.

The mainland with the most nations is Africa with 54 perceived nations.

Guide of the mainland of Africa showing individual countries.Map of the landmass of Africa showing singular nations. Guide: Equal Earth, public area.

The mainland with minimal measure of nations is South America with 12 nations and three ward domains.

Guide of South America showing the countries.Map of South America showing the nations. Guide: Equal Earth, public space.

A few nations cover landmasses. For instance, Turkey and Russia topographically and politically riding the landmasses of Asia and Europe, these nations are recorded for the two mainlands. Nations that show up across various landmasses are noted with a mark.

List of Countries in Africa

The continent of Africa is the second-largest and second-most populous continent in the world. Africa has 54 fully recognized and independent countries.

List of countries in Africa with their capitals:

Algeria – Algiers

Angola – Luanda

Benin – Porto Novo, Cotonou

Botswana – Gaborone

Burkina Faso – Ouagadougou

Burundi – Gitega

Cameroon (also spelled Cameroun) – Yaoundé

Cape Verde – Praia

Central African Republic – Bangui

Chad (Tchad) – N’Djamena

Comoros – Moroni

Republic of the Congo – Brazzaville

Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire) – Kinshasa

Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) – Yamoussoukro

Djibouti – Djibouti

Egypt (Misr) – Cairo – spans the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge

Equatorial Guinea – Malabo

Eritrea – Asmara

Ethiopia (Abyssinia) – Addis Ababa

Gabon – Libreville

The Gambia – Banjul

Ghana – Accra

Guinea – Conakry

Guinea-Bissau – Bissau

Kenya – Nairobi

Lesotho – Maseru

Liberia – Monrovia

Libya – Tripoli

Madagascar – Antananarivo

Malawi – Lilongwe

Mali – Bamako

Mauritania – Nouakchott

Mauritius – Port Louis

Morocco (Al Maghrib) – Rabat

Mozambique – Maputo

Namibia – Windhoek

Niger – Niamey

Nigeria – Abuja

Rwanda – Kigali

São Tomé and Príncipe – São Tomé

Senegal – Dakar

Seychelles – Victoria, Seychelles

Sierra Leone – Freetown

Somalia – Mogadishu

South Africa – Pretoria

South Sudan – Juba

Sudan – Khartoum

Swaziland (Eswatini) – Mbabane

Tanzania – Dodoma

Togo – Lome

Tunisia – Tunis

Uganda – Kampala

Western Sahara – El Aaiún (disputed)

Zambia – Lusaka

Zimbabwe – Harare


List of Countries in Asia

Asia has 48 countries recognized by the United Nations. There are numerous highly autonomous regions and disputed areas.

The list of countries in Asia and their capitals:

Afghanistan – Kabul

Armenia – Yerevan

* Azerbaijan – Baku ~ Located in the Caucasus, between Europe and Asia

Bahrain – Manama

Bangladesh – Dhaka (ঢাকা)

Bhutan – Thimphu

Brunei – Bandar Seri Begawan

Cambodia (Kampuchea) – Phnom Penh

China – Beijing

East Timor (Timor Leste) – Dili

* Georgia – Tbilisi ~ Located in the Caucasus, between Europe and Asia

India – New Delhi

* Indonesia – Jakarta ~ Lies partly in Oceania

Iran – Tehran

Iraq – Baghdad

Israel – Jerusalem

Japan – Tokyo

Jordan (Al Urdun) – Amman

* Kazakhstan – Nur-Sultan

Kuwait – Kuwait city

Kyrgyzstan – Bishkek

Laos – Vientiane

Lebanon (Lubnan) – Beirut

Malaysia – Kuala Lumpur

Maldives – Malé

Mongolia – Ulaanbaatar

Myanmar (Burma) – Naypyidaw

Nepal – Kathmandu

North Korea – Pyongyang

Oman – Muscat

Pakistan – Islamabad

Philippines – Manila

Qatar – Doha

* Russia – Moscow ~ Russia is a part of Asia geographically, but politically it is a part of Europe

Saudi Arabia – Riyadh

Singapore – Singapore

South Korea – Seoul

Sri Lanka – Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte (administrative), Colombo (commercial)

Syria – Damascus

Tajikistan – Dushanbe

Thailand (Muang Thai) – Bangkok

* Turkey – Ankara ~ 3rd largest country in Western Asia and the largest in Southeastern Europe

Turkmenistan – AÅŸgabat

Taiwan – Taipei

United Arab Emirates – Abu Dhabi

Uzbekistan – Tashkent

Vietnam – Hanoi

Yemen – Sana’a

List of Countries in Europes

Europe has 49 countries and de facto countries.


List of countries in Europe and their capitals:

Albania (Shqipëria) – Tirana

Andorra – Andorra la Vella

Austria (Österreich) – Vienna

Belarus (Беларусь) – Minsk

Belgium (Dutch: België, French: Belgique, German: Belgien) – Brussels

Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosna i Hercegovina) – Sarajevo

Bulgaria (България) – Sofia

Croatia (Hrvatska) – Zagreb

Cyprus (Κύπρος) – Nicosia

Czech Republic (ÄŒesko) – Prague

Denmark (Danmark) – Copenhagen

Estonia (Eesti) – Tallinn

Finland (Suomi) – Helsinki

France – Paris

* Georgia – Tbilisi

Germany (Deutschland) – Berlin

Greece (Ελλάδα) – Athens

Hungary (Magyarország) – Budapest

Iceland (Island) – Reykjavik ~ Iceland sits on the European – North American tectonic plates. The Western half sits in North America, while the Eastern half sits on the European tectonic plate.

Republic of Ireland (Éire) – Dublin

Italy (Italia) – Rome

* Kazakhstan – Nur-Sultan

Kosovo – Pristina ~ disputed territory with de facto independence.

Latvia (Latvija) – Riga

Liechtenstein – Vaduz

Lithuania (Lietuva) – Vilnius

Luxembourg – Luxembourg City

North Macedonia (Македонија) – Skopje

Malta – Valletta

Moldova – Chisinau

Monaco – Monte Carlo Quarter

Montenegro (Crna Gora, Црна Гора) – Podgorica

Netherlands (Nederland) – Amsterdam (Capital), The Hague (Government)

Norway (Norge) – Oslo

Poland (Polska) – Warsaw

Portugal – Lisbon

Romania – Bucharest

* Russia – Moscow ~ Europe up to the Ural Mountains; Asia: the rest to Vladivostok)

San Marino – San Marino

Serbia (Србија) – Belgrade

Slovakia (Slovensko) – Bratislava

Slovenia (Slovenija) – Ljubljana

Spain (España) – Madrid

Sweden (Sverige) – Stockholm

Switzerland (German: Schweiz, French: Suisse, Italian: Svizzera, Romansh: Svizra) – Bern

* Turkey – Ankara ~ ~ 3rd largest country in Western Asia and the largest in Southeastern Europe

Ukraine (Україна) – Kyiv or Kiev

United Kingdom – London

Vatican City** (Italian: Città del Vaticano, Latin: Civitas Vaticana) – Vatican City – Vatican City State is a U.N observer state and not a U.N member.


List of Countries in North America

North America has 23 countries and 22 dependent territories.

The list of countries and their capitals are:


 United States – Washington, D.C.

 Mexico – Mexico City

 Nicaragua – Managua ( Central America)

 Honduras – Tegucigalpa ( Central America)

 Cuba – Havana

 Guatemala – Guatemala

 Panama – Panama City ( Central America)

 Costa Rica – San José ( Central America)

 Dominican Republic – Santo Domingo

 Haiti – Port-au-Prince

 Belize – Belmopan ( Central America)

 El Salvador – San Salvador ( Central America)

 The Bahamas – Nassau

 Jamaica – Kingston

 Trinidad and Tobago – Port of Spain

 Dominica – Roseau

 Saint Lucia – Castries

 Antigua and Barbuda – St. John’s

 Barbados – Bridgetown

 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – Kingstown

 Grenada – St. George’s

 Saint Kitts and Nevis

List of Countries in South America

South America has 12 countries. It is the fourth largest continent and fifth most populous. South America also has three dependent territories.

The list of South American countries and their capitals are:

Argentina – Buenos Aires

Bolivia – Sucré

Brazil (Brasil) – Brasília

Chile – Santiago

Colombia – Bogotá

Ecuador – Quito

Guyana – Georgetown

Paraguay – Asunción

Peru – Lima

Suriname – Paramaribo

Uruguay – Montevideo

Venezuela – Caracas

List of Countries in Australia / Oceania

Oceania is the term used to describe Australia and the nations of the Pacific Ocean. There are 14 countries found in this region. In addition, part of Indonesia and the U.S. state of Hawaii are found in Oceania.

The list of countries and their capitals in Oceania is:

Australia – Canberra

Federated States of Micronesia – Palikir

Fiji – Suva

Kiribati – South Tarawa

Marshall Islands – Majuro

Nauru – no capital; biggest city is Yaren

New Zealand – Wellington

Palau – Melekeok

Papua New Guinea – Port Moresby

Samoa – Apia

Solomon Islands – Honiara

Tonga – Nuku’alofa

Tuvalu – Funafuti

Vanuatu – Port Vila

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