Echinacea floweror

Echinacea floweror

Echinacea flower

The echinacea flower is a popular landscaping plant made up of several species of plants native to North America, including the prairie coneflower and the downy echinacea.Echinacea /ˌɛkɪˈneɪʃiÉ™/ is a genus of herbaceous flowering plants in the daisy family. It has ten species, which are commonly called coneflowers. They are found only in eastern and central North America, where they grow in moist to dry prairies and open wooded areas. They have large, showy heads of composite flowers, blooming in summer. The generic name is derived from the Greek word ἐχá¿–νος (ekhinos), meaning "sea urchin", due to the spiny central disk. These flowering plants and their parts have different uses. Some species are cultivated in gardens for their showy flowers. Two of the species, E. tennesseensis and E. laevigata, are listed in the United States as endangered species.


Like all members of the sunflower family, the flowering structure is a composite inflorescence, with rose-colored (rarely yellow or white) florets arranged in a prominent, somewhat cone-shaped head – "cone-shaped" because the petals of the outer ray florets tend to point downward (are reflexed) once the flower head opens, thus forming a cone. Plants are generally long lived, with distinctive flowers. The common name "cone flower" comes from the characteristic center "cone" at the center of the flower head.McCoy, Ann; Widrlechner, Mark; Carstens, Jeff (October 2005). "A Comprehensive Echinacea Germplasm Collection Located at the North Central Regional Plant Introduction Station" (PDF). Iowa Botanical Supplement Research Center (Conference poster). USDA/ARS, Iowa State University, Ames. Retrieved 10 October 2021.

Truly an American plant, native to the central and eastern part of the country, Echinacea were used by the early native Americans to cure wounds or infections. A great prairie flower, its bright and large blossoms made a successful transition to the backyard. Until recently, almost all Echinacea in the garden were selections of Echinacea Purpurea with colors ranging from purple through pink to white and with ray flowers generally drooping downward.Echinacea are a great choice for pollinator-friendly or butterfly gardens. All summer, clouds of butterflies find the Coneflower blossoms irresistible, sipping their nectar. Their cone-shaped flower heads, resembling hedgehogs with their spiny appearance, are also very attractive to birds who will feast on their seeds. Allow a few stems to set seeds and sprinkle the seeds from the dried cones in the fall and your Echinacea plants will reseed, with new blossoms growing the following season. (Source: www.gardenia.net)



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