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Corylus Americana

Corylus Americana

Corylus Americana

Corylus americana is cultivated as an ornamental plant for native plant gardens, and in wildlife gardens to attract and keep fauna in an area. There are cultivated hybrids of Corylus americana with Corylus avellana which aim to combine the larger nuts of the latter with the former's resistance to a North American fungus Cryptosporella anomala.

Americana

ABBREVIATION : CORAME SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : COAM COMMON NAMES : American hazelnut Americam hazel American filbert TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for American hazelnut is Corylus americana Walt. [17,31]. Two subspecific taxa based on morphological differences are found in southwestern Missouri and southeastern Kansas: C. a. var. indehiscens Palm. & Steyerm. and C. a. forma missouriensis (A. DC.) Fern. [18]. LIFE FORM : Shrub FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS : No special status OTHER STATUS : NO-ENTRY.Corylus americana is a shrub with simple, alternate, toothed leaves and a very bushy form. The male flowers are arranged in elongate aments and the female flowers are in small groups within buds that are similar to the leaf-bearing buds. The fruit is a nut that develops between a pair of tough and bristly bracts. See also our other species of hazelnut in Wisconsin, Corylus cornuta, the beaked hazelnut.

All the spring fires top-killed American hazelnut clones. Duration of flame contact with American hazelnut stems was usually less than 1 minute, which was enough to kill the cambium of aboveground stems. American hazelnut stems on sites with heavy concentrations of fallen branches and other downed woody debris from wind-damaged oaks remained in direct contact with flames for as long as 10 minutes. Effects of this longer-burning woody debris on American hazelnut's underground system were not noted. Effects of the fires on stand structure and American hazelnut growth are shown below.Corylus americana is a shrub with simple, alternate, toothed leaves and a very bushy form. The male flowers are arranged in elongate aments and the female flowers are in small groups within buds that are similar to the leaf-bearing buds. The fruit is a nut that develops between a pair of tough and bristly bracts. See also our other species of hazelnut in Wisconsin, Corylus cornuta, the beaked hazelnut. (Source: www.uwgb.edu)

 

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