AMarigold Germination Stages

AMarigold Germination Stages

Marigold Germination Stages

When was the last time you checked in with the soil under your garden? Have you been watering, or are you simply hoping that your seeds will take to the earth, overwinter through cooler months, and one day spring? If gardening is your thing, or you’re interested in starting a garden, knowing the stages of plant growth will help you to understand what can be done at each stage.While it's not necessary, you can start the seeds indoors 4-6 weeks before you want to plant them outside. Marigolds can also be directly seeded into the ground outdoors when the soil temperatures reach 60 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit ( Late May to Mid June) as well. Short varieties such as the French Marigolds germinate quickly and flower very fast within few weeks after planting.


Marigolds have few pests or problems overall, but spider mites and aphids sometimes infest the plants. Usually a spray of water or the application of an insecticidal soap, repeated every other day for a week or two, will solve the problem. Occasionally, marigolds will be affected by fungal diseases such as powdery mildew if conditions are too wet. To prevent fungal issues, avoid getting water on the marigolds’ leaves, keep weeds down, and plant in well-drained soil. Harden off and transplant marigold seedlings when they're about 2 inches tall and all frost danger has passed. To thrive, the plants need an outdoor temperature between 50 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Harden off the transplants by gradually increasing their exposure to the outdoor environment over a two-week period. At the end of the two weeks, plant the transplants up to their first set of leaves in a sunny area of the garden with well-drained, moderately fertile soil. Space low-growing varieties 1 foot apart and tall-growing varieties about 2 or 3 feet apart.

Tagetes patula (aka French marigolds): French marigolds tend to be smaller, bushier, and more compact than T. erecta. They are often wider than they are tall. Elegant and eye-catching, they have relatively demure flowers and usually grow from 6 inches to 2 feet tall. They are better suited to rainier conditions than the other Tagetes species.Mari gold requires mild climate for luxuriant growth and flowering. Mild climate during growing period (14.5° - 28.6°C) greatly improves flowering while higher temperature (26.2° - 36.4°C) adversely affects flower production. Depending on environmental condition, marigold can be grown three times in a year – rainy, winter and summer seasons. Planting of African marigold after 1st week of February and before 1st week of July greatly affects the quality and yield of flowers. So staggered planting between 1st week of July to 1st week of February at monthly intervals assures supply of flowers to market over an extended period from October to April, however maximum flower yield can be obtained from September planted crop. The season of sowing and transplanting of seedlings for obtaining flower at different seasons of the year are given below: (Source: www.drysrhu.edu.in)



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