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AFragaria Strawberry

AFragaria Strawberry

Fragaria Strawberry

The strawberry is loathed as a common weed in many gardens, while soil conditions make it difficult for it to grow. So, can strawberries be cultivated?

Fragaria (Strawberries) are stoloniferous perennials forming small mounds of pleated and serrated, fresh green foliage, with rounded white or pink flowers followed by edible red berries. Some produce one crop of large fruits around the month of June (Junebearing Strawberries), others produce a first crop in spring and another one in late summer or fall. Under ideal conditions, they may even produce three berry harvests (Everbearing Strawberries). Easy to grow, Fragaria are also attractive landscape plants of quiet beauty to be used as groundcovers or delineate a border.

Strawberry

Five-petaled white flowers adorned with yellow centers appear in early spring and give way to large red berries which ripen around the month of June, hence the name.Considered by many to be the best everbearing variety, Fragaria 'Ozark Beauty' (Everbearing Strawberry) produces a first crop in spring and another one in late summer or fall. Under ideal conditions, it is possible to produce three berry harvests. Five-petaled white flowers adorned with yellow centers appear in early spring and give way to large, luscious, red berries which ripen in late spring to early summer.Vigorous, Fragaria x ananassa 'Quinault' (Everbearing Strawberry) produces a first crop in spring and another one in late summer or fall. Under ideal conditions, it is possible to produce three berry harvests. Five-petaled white flowers adorned with yellow centers appear in early spring and give way to large, firm, deep red berries of great flavor which ripen in late spring to early summer.

There are more than 20 described species and many hybrids and cultivars. The most common strawberries grown commercially are cultivars of the garden strawberry, a hybrid known as Fragaria × ananassa. Strawberries have a taste that varies by cultivar, and ranges from quite sweet to rather tart. Strawberries are an important commercial fruit crop, widely grown in all temperate regions of the world.One key to the classification of strawberry species is that they vary in the number of chromosomes. They all have seven basic types of chromosomes, but exhibit different polyploidy. Some species are diploid, having two sets of the seven chromosomes (14 chromosomes total), but others are tetraploid (four sets, 28 chromosomes total), hexaploid (six sets, 42 chromosomes total), octoploid (eight sets, 56 chromosomes total), or decaploid (ten sets, 70 chromosomes total). (Source: en.wikipedia.org)

 

 

 

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