Wild Four O Clock or

Wild Four O Clock or

Wild Four O Clock

Wild Four O Clock! Filled with books and stories for the wanderlust-riddled souls who love to explore a wide world. Inspired by beautiful yet exotic locations, this weekly newsletter provides a taste of the strange and wondrous, with a focus on Eastern Europe, South America, and the Middle East.Wild Four O'Clock is something of a weedy species, commonly found along roadsides, railroads, trail edges, fields, and even sidewalk cracks, though it may be found in higher grade habitats as well. It can take on a bushy appearance due to much branching. The flowers are very similar to the related Hairy Four O'Clock (Mirabilis albida), which is usually densely hairy all over.



The wild four o'clocks are horrible. I want to and cannot get rid of them. I have tried: Roundup, burning, boiling water, salt, vinegar, cutting off seeds b4 they drop and even getting the area really really muddy and digging them up. NOTHING has worked. IF anyone has a solution, PLEASE let me know. I cannot plant anything near them and they look like horrible weeds in front of the house where I want to plant. They are also said to ward off Japanese Beetles, but they don't at all.I photographed wild four o'clock in the Iron Horse Prairie Scientific and Natural Area south of Hayfield. Merilee McNeilus identified it for me after the photo ran in our newspaper. Joel Wagar at Rice Lake State Park confirmed the identification. Iron Horse is a great place to see native plants you probably won't commonly see, though this isn't apparently an uncommon one.

Wild four-o'clocks can be found in quite varied habitats. It thrives in a wide range of soil types including very poor soil conditions.

It can be found in both urban and rural settings. In conservation and no-till production systems, wild four-o'clocks can become a real problem. Heavily grazed pastures are another favored habitat because of the reduced competition from the grazed grasses; wild four-o'clocks move into that niche and become establishe. Other areas that this plant can be found include roadsides, fence lines, railroad rights-of-way, and waste areas that have been neglected over time.The flowers are visited primarily by long-tongued bees, short-tongued bees, and moths. These insects seek nectar primarily, although the short-tongued bees collect pollen. It is possible that the Ruby-Throated hummingbird may visit the flowers as well. The species Catorhintha mendica (Wild Four-O'Clock Bug) is a specialist feeder on this plant and other Mirabilis spp. Another specialist is Heliodines nyctaginella (Four-O'Clock Moth); the caterpillars of this species feed on the foliage of this and other plants in the genus. Wild Four-O'Clock tends to increase in areas disturbed by livestock; it is unclear if these animals eat this plant. Deer reportedly avoid it. The seeds and roots are known to be poisonous, although pigs may dig up the roots and eat them. (Source: www.illinoiswildflowers.info)



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