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What Is a Massor

# What Is a Mass

Mass is an unnecessary word with an ugly history. The word comes from Latin, where it originally meant large amounts of wet clay.

### Mass

joule second. One joule is equal to one kilogram times metre squared per second squared. With the second and the metre already defined in terms of other physical constants, the kilogram is determined by accurate measurements of Planck’s constant. (Until 2019 the kilogram was defined by a platinum-iridium cylinder called the International Prototype Kilogram kept at the International Bureau of Weights and Measures in Sèvres, France.) In the English system of measurement, the unit of mass is the

Weight, though related to mass, nonetheless differs from the latter. Weight essentially constitutes the force exerted on matter by the gravitational attraction of Earth, and so it varies slightly from place to place. In contrast, mass remains constant regardless of its location under ordinary circumstances. A satellite launched into space, for example, weighs increasingly less the farther it travels away from Earth. Its mass, however, stays the same. (Source: www.britannica.com)

### Me

metres per second, or 186,000 miles per second). The total energy of an object was understood to comprise its rest mass as well as its increase of mass caused by high speed. The rest mass of an atomic nucleus was discovered to be measurably smaller than the sum of the rest masses of its constituent neutrons and protons. Mass was no longer considered constant, or unchangeable. In both chemical and nuclear reactions, some conversion between mass and energy occurs, so that the products generally have smaller or greater mass than the reactants. The difference in mass is so slight for ordinary chemical reactions that mass conservation may be invoked as a practical principle for predicting the mass of products. Mass conservation is invalid, however, for the behaviour of masses actively involved in nuclear reactors, in particle accelerators, and in the thermonuclear reactions in the Sun and stars. The new conservation principle is the conservation of mass-energy. See also energy, conservation of; energy; Einstein’s mass-energy relation.

The SI base unit of mass is the kilogram (kg). In physics, mass is not the same as weight, even though mass is often determined by measuring the object's weight using a spring scale, rather than balance scale comparing it directly with known masses. An object on the Moon would weigh less than it does on Earth because of the lower gravity, but it would still have the same mass. This is because weight is a force, while mass is the property that (along with gravity) determines the strength of this force. (Source: en.wikipedia.org)

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