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Virginia Strawberry

Virginia Strawberry

Virginia Strawberry

We're sharing this story with you to show the power of running an email marketing campaign. If you're looking to improve your email marketing, I hope it has some impact on you.Found in patches in fields and dry openings, this plant produces the finest, sweetest, wild strawberry. The edible portion of the strawberry is actually the central portion of the flower (receptacle) which enlarges greatly with maturity and is covered with the embedded, dried, seed-like fruit. Cultivated Strawberries are hybrids developed from this native species and the South American one. The similar Wood Strawberry (F. vesca) has seed-like fruit on the surface, not embedded, and sepals that point backwards.

Strawberry

via GIPHY

All strawberries have a base haploid count of 7 chromosomes. Fragaria virginiana is octoploid, having eight sets of these chromosomes for a total of 56. These eight genomes pair as four distinct sets, of two different types, with little or no pairing between sets. The genome composition of the octoploid strawberry species has generally been indicated as AAA'A'BBB'B'. The A-type genomes were likely contributed by diploid ancestors related to Fragaria vesca or similar species, while the B-type genomes seem to descend from a close relative of Fragaria iinumae. The exact process of hybridization and speciation which resulted in the octoploid species is still unknown, but it appears that the genome compositions of both Fragaria chiloensis and Fragaria virginiana (and by extension their hybrid, the cultivated octoploid garden strawberry as well) are identical.

Fragaria virginiana can grow up to 100 mm (4 in) tall. The plant typically bears numerous trifoliate leaves that are green on top, pale green on the lower surface. Each leaflet is about 75 mm (3 in) long and 40 mm (1+1⁄2 in) wide. The leaflet is oval shaped and has coarse teeth along the edge except near the bottom. This plant has a five-petaled white flower with numerous pistils, surrounded by yellow-anthered stamens. There are ten small green sepals under the petals. The seeds of this plant are developed from the pistils in the centre of the flower which will become dark-coloured fruit (achenes) on the strawberry.Leaves are all basal on long stalks. They are 3-parted, toothed on the margins and the individual leaflets are usually on short stalks and the leaflet tip tooth is usually half as wide and shorter than the side teeth. Leaflets are somewhat thicker than F. vesca. The leaflets vary in shape between two of the four varieties of this species. Like garden strawberries, they spread by runners. (Source: www.friendsofthewildflowergarden.org)

 

 

 

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