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Bird Density in Marsh Swamp: Yellow-vented Bulbul - Pycnonotus goiavier (11.81 +- 1.30 birds/ha), Peaceful Dove - Geopelia striata (10.03 +- 1.68 birds/ha), Pink- necked Green Pigeon - Treron vernans (8.91 +- 1.37 birds/ha), Purple Swamphen - Porphyrio porphyrio (7.94 +- 1.36 birds/ha) and Scaly-breasted Munia - Gallirallus striatus (7.93 +- 3.84 birds/ha) were five most dominant species in marsh swamp habitat. The cause of death in burn patients after 48 hours of hospitalization has been reported to be bacterial infections. Recently, due to the compounds accelerating the healing process and the intense reduction of treatment side effects, medicinal plants are used to cure burn wound infections. This study aims to investigate the medicinal effect of the ethanolic extract of Scrophularia striata on burn wound infection in in-vivo and in-vitro in comparison with silver sulfadiazine (SSD).
The animals were divided into two treatment groups of SSD (Razi Pharmaceutical Company, Iran) and S. striata and one control group. First, the animal was anesthetized using ketamine (100 mg/kg) and xylazine (10 mg/kg). After removing the hair at the animal’s back with a shaver, the skin was washed with cotton and savlon for disinfection. In order to create second-degree burn wounds, a hot plate of 1×1cm was used. The created burn was confirmed by a pathologist based on TBSA. First, a suspension of both bacterial strains with the density equal to 0.5 McFarland was provided in Trypticase Soy Broth medium (Merck, Homburg, Germany). Then, as a result of continuous dilutions by S. striata and SSD in a density range of 20–200 mg/ml (20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 140, 160, 180, 200), the two strains were heated at a temperature of 37ËšC. After overnight incubation, the amount of MIC was determined due to the lowest concentration of anti-microbial agent that entirely inhibited the growth of the bacterium. The amount of MBC was determined by subculturing of the last clear MIC tube on to MacConkey agar and evaluation for bacterial growth. Finally, the results obtained were compared descriptively.
A-C: The values of remodeling criteria including collagenization, reepethelialization and granulation in different time intervals of 14, and 21 days and various treatment groups of Scrophularia striata, silver sulfadiazine and the control. D-F: Fourteen days after burn wound infection in various treatment groups of Scrophularia striata, silver sulfadiazine and the control, respectively (H&E×100); G: The increase of HPF (High Power Field) formation with respect to different time periods in various treatment groups of Scrophularia striata, silver sulfadiazine and the control; H and I: Comparison of inflammation and necrosis in various treatment groups of Scrophularia striata, silver sulfadiazine and the control at different time intervals.“The acquisition of Striata will extend the Doxim CCM Platform, providing enhanced hyper-personalized interactive digital experiences, all within a secure and compliant framework,” said Doxim President and CEO Mike Rogalski. “Requirements for communicating with customers are quickly shifting to digital channels. Especially with the impact of COVID-19, which has meant fewer face-to-face meetings, organizations need to find scalable ways to orchestrate and distribute multi-channel communications that are both personalized and legally compliant.” (Source: www.doxim.com)