Science Careers List and Salaries

Science Careers List and Salaries

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If you have a science degree or think about getting one, this careers list could be handy. It shows the top 10 high-paying science careers by field. 

This article will include different careers and science jobs salary in the natural and physical sciences (biology, chemistry, and physics). However, the list isn't intended to cover technology, engineering, and math disciplines.


What is science careers?

Science is a fundamental field of study that everyone should be engaged in. However, professions where your job is to apply or build science knowledge, are almost uncommon.

Science careers belong to a collective group of jobs in the field of science. Science Career options include disciplines such as:

 1- Chemist

Chemistry is a science field that focuses on chemical substances and their interaction with one another.

Primary duties of a chemist include:

·       Making test solutions.

·       Compounds and reagents.

·       Examining organic and inorganic compounds.

·       Developing and customizing products, formulas, and analytical procedures and writing technical papers and reports.


National average salary: $62,228 per year

2- Geologist


A geologist analyzes the earth's processes, such as volcanic eruptions, landslides, floods, earthquakes, surveying the land and creating safe building plans. 

Primary duties of a geologist include:

·       Studying the structure and evolution of the earth.

·       Analyzing data and preparing reports.

·       Advising managerial and technical staff.

·       Surveying and mapping sites.

·       Collecting and recording samples. 


National average salary: $65,272 per year

3- Environmental Scientist


Environmental scientists study environmental and health problems to classify the cause and come up with solutions. These people research and investigate to expand our understanding of the world and make recommendations for managing issues.

Primary duties of Environmental Scientist includes:

·       Collecting and analyzing environmental data, including air, water, and soil.

·       Conducting environmental experiments.

·       Developing ways to control or decrease human impact on the environment and developing and implementing environmental standards and practices.

National average salary: $68,629 per year


4- Biologist

A biologist can take their profession in a variety of directions based on their interests. They generally study living organisms (humans, plants, animals, or even bacteria) to increase knowledge and understand living processes. 

They use this data for a wide variety of purposes, including treating diseases and sustaining natural environments.

Some of their primary responsibilities include: 

·       conducting research

·       conducting tests and experiments

·       collecting samples and measurements 

·       publishing their findings.


National average salary: $72,448 per year

Example of Job:

Faculty Position in Molecular and Cell Biology

·       Japan (JP) Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST)

·       In accordance with the OIST Employee Compensation Regulations


Applications are invited for Quantum Information Science and Engineering, Molecular and Cell Biology, and any other field.


5- Research scientist

Research scientists plan and analyze information gathered from controlled laboratory examinations, trials, and experiments.

Their primary duties include:

·       designing and conducting experiments, 

·       carrying out fieldwork, 

·       recording and analyzing data, 

·       presenting results to key stakeholders 

·       writing papers and reports. 

·       Many also teach.


National average salary: $80,887 per year

6- Forensic Scientist

Forensic scientists are forensic science technicians or crime scene investigators. They collect and interpret physical evidence. 

Many employers prefer candidates who have at least two years of specific training or an associate degree in science or applied science. 

Their primary responsibilities include:

·       Examining and collecting evidence at the scenes of crimes.

·       Compiling written reports.

·       Gathering evidence.

·       Proving the authenticity of documents.

·       Testing fluid and tissue samples for the application of drugs or poisons.

·       Interpreting tool and tire marks.

·       Presenting and defending evidence in court.


National average salary: $58,230 per year

7- Pharmacy

If you're a strong science student, maybe you should consider a career in pharmacy. You need a Bachelor of Pharmacy to become a pharmacist. If you already have a science degree, a Master of Pharmacy degree program is available. 

Their primary responsibilities include:

·       Prepares medications by analyzing and interpreting physician orders and identifying therapeutic conflicts. 

·       Manages medicines by compounding, packaging, and labeling pharmaceuticals. 

·       Checks medications by controlling drug therapies; advising interventions.


National average salary: $150,000+ per year.


8- Veterinary Science

If you love animals, then you can think about starting a career in veterinary science. You will be asked to complete an accredited program at a university to become a veterinarian. 

Once you have certified your degree in veterinary science and settled on the state, you want to practice in. The next step would be to register with that state's veterinary registration board to be licensed to practice. 

Their primary responsibilities include:

·       Observe animals assess their health, and diagnose problems.

·       Treat and dress wounds.

·       Operate medical equipment, like x-ray machines.

·       Advise animal owners about overall care, medical conditions, and treatments.

·       Perform surgery on animals.

·       Test for and vaccinate against diseases.


9- Conservationist

Conservationists advise landowners and governments to find ways to protect natural resources such as water and soil. To win a job in this field, you will have to receive a bachelor's degree in ecology, agriculture, biology, natural resource management, or environmental science.

Their primary responsibilities include:

·       Ensures landowners obey government laws and take appropriate measures to protect habitats. 

·       They advise ranchers and farmers to help them cultivate their land and control erosion.


National average salary: $61,310+ per year.

10- Life Sciences

There are many different career paths possible in the life sciences, studying human, animal, and plant life. 

To pursue a job in this field, you'll need an undergraduate degree at the very least. Many professions will need graduate education (frequently to the Ph.D. level) and experience in a university environment.

Example of Job:

DNA Sequencing Specialists

·       Japan (JP)

·       In accordance with the OIST Employee Compensation Regulations


DNA Sequencing Section provides support to researchers in promoting advances in biological science by providing genomic analysis services.

Best Platform for Science careers

You can consider the Science Careers AAAS job board for daily job/career updates, employers, Career advice, and news. Thousands of job opportunities from employers worldwide and free career growth tools and support make Science Careers AAAS a one-stop platform for scientists looking to advance their careers.

Each job description provides basic career information such as salary, job nature, degree, and experience requirements: the AAAS and journal Science post science Careers and their jobs.


Frequently Asked Questions

1- Science Career Options

·       Geology

·       Forensic pathologist

·       Technical content writer

·       Astrophysicist

·       Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

·       Data Science

·       Blockchain Developer

·       Software Designing

·       Spacetech

·       Research Scientists

·       Robotics Engineer (in real-world robots play a significant role. Robots do jobs that can be risky for humans)


2- Science Jobs List A-Z

Click to read a detailed answer to your question: The A-Z of STEM careers

3- Science Careers in Demand

Read a complete article on the Most in Demand top 10 Life Sciences Jobs over the Next Decade.

4- Careers in Science and Technology

Read a complete article on the Career Options in Science and Technology Studies.



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