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primrose, flowering plants of the genus Primula of the family Primulaceae, with 490–600 species, chiefly occurring in the Northern Hemisphere in cool or mountainous regions. The plants are low-growing, usually perennial herbs; a few are biennials. Most species grow 25 to 50 cm (10 to 20 inches) tall, but some are as short as 5 cm (2 inches) and others as tall as 1.2 metres (4 feet). Many species are cultivated for their attractive flowers.
There are over 400 species of primulas, or primroses, found in habitats ranging from marshlands to alpine slopes. Primrose foliage forms rosettes – clusters of leaves in a circle - that grow close to the ground. The flowers grow either clustered together among the leaves or on stalks in umbels, whorls or spikes. Primula sieboldii (Asian woodland primrose) – These flowers range from white to crimson with all shades of pinks and purples in between. Not only do they come in nice colors, they come in nice shapes – bells, stars and snowflakes. They flower from April into May. In the wild they grow in moist meadows and in woodlands. They often go dormant in the summer and prefer to grow in a cool, shady spot.
Primula denticulata (drumstick primrose) – This is a deciduous perennial. It is an early bloomer, with flowers ranging from white to purple appearing on thick stalks in April. The flowers are clustered tightly in umbels that look like little drumsticks. This primrose is easy to grow, is very floriferous and increases well. It likes moist, rich soil in partial shade to full sun. Good garden soil will be fine, as long as it does not get too dry. Primroses purchased as potted houseplants that are forced for early blooming can be kept growing almost indefinitely, moved outdoors during summer and back indoors for winter. However, they will soon revert to their normal flowering rhythm, which is to bloom in early spring. But plants can quickly become root-bound unless they are divided or potted up annually into larger pots. Use a standard commercial potting mix when growing primrose in pots, making sure the pots have good drainage. Regular repotting can also prevent excessive fertilizer buildup that can ruin plants. (Source: www.thespruce.com)