Timothy Seed OR''

Timothy Seed OR''

Timothy Seed

Phleum pratense L., Timothy. is a relatively short-lived, cool- season perennial that grows in stools or clumps and has a shallow, compact, and fibrous root system. It grows in erect clumps 20 to 40 inches tall. Leaves vary in length from a few inches to a foot and are about 1⁄4 inch wide, narrowing gently toward the tip. Heads are spike-like and dense, from 2 to 6 inches in length. Seed is very small and usually remains enclosed in the glumes. There are approximately 1,152,000 seeds per pound. Timothy is different from most other grasses in that 1 or occasionally 2 of the basal internodes of the stem swell into a bulb-like growth. This characteristic is often used for identification of the plant during is early stages of growth.


Timothy is highly responsive to fertilizers, which should be applied frequently in ample quantities. Fertilizer, especially nitrogen, is important when legumes have almost disappeared from the hay or pasture mixture. Timothy stands become weak under close and continuous grazing. A fundamental reason for the decline of Timothy under poor grazing practices is injury to the bulblets. These bulblets form in the spring at the same time the stem elongates. Food materials are stored in them, and they may be destroyed by trampling of grazing animals. Timothy can be initially grazed before jointing and again between early head to full head. Second and successive grazing should also occur before jointing and when basal sprouts appear at the soil surface. After the second grazing, plants usually do not joint; therefore, sprouts are primary guides. Timothy should be cut for hay or silage from early to full head. Make successive harvests for hay and silage when basal sprouts appear at the soil surface.

Sterile seed- heads may be 15 to 20 inches up the stems when sprouts appear at the time of second cutting. Growing points stay below ground after a second cutting. Graze or cut to a minimum height of 3 inches or more.Timothy has good to excellent forage value for all classes of livestock, as well as for deer and elk. It is intolerant of heavy, season-long grazing. Timothy is a fairly good hay and irrigated pasture plant, especially for horses, but also other species of domestic livestock. Where horses are not overweight, a mixture of alfalfa and timothy is of better nutritional value than straight timothy or timothy plus other grasses. Management of this grass in pastures should include light, frequent irrigations, but avoid over-irrigation. Avoid grazing while the pastures are still wet. Allow the plant to develop enough leaf surface that it can manufacture additional herbage as the animals utilize it. Application of nitrogen fertilizer is recommended where there are not sufficient legumes in the sward to maintain an adequate level of nitrogen for the grasses. (Source: www.amazon.com)



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