The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance and SAM

The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance and SAM


catalog of federal domestic assistance 2020 grant

The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance website is no longer used. Instead, the government has integrated its programs into other systems to simplify the awarding process. Each catalog program is identified by a unique five-digit number. It is important to note that the SAM database consolidates ten previously separate systems to streamline the process.

Fraudulent federal domestic assistance 2020 grant notifications

If you receive a grant notification that claims to be from the Federal Grants Administration, it is most likely a scam. These fake notifications may be sent to you through email or mail. They often use official-sounding names or symbols to give the appearance of approval. The truth is that HHS does not endorse private individuals or companies.

Scammers often use social media to lure people into thinking they're receiving legitimate grant notifications. This is one of the most common types of government grant scams. These fake grants may also claim to come from the National Help Commission, another agency that looks official. The Better Business Bureau has issued a warning about these fake federal grant notifications.

Scammers will usually lure their victims into sending money or making wire transfers. They will also ask for personal information like their social security number or bank account information. The best way to protect yourself from scammers is to be on the lookout for red flags. The Better Business Bureau's Scam Tracker Risk Report warns that there are many government grant scams on the Internet.

If you receive a free grant notification, it is probably a scam. Scammers will ask you to submit personal information (like your Social Security number) or even ask you to pay a small processing fee. In these cases, you should never send money to these scammers. They will steal your money or impersonate you and use your personal information for illegal purposes. Never pay for something you never receive.

GSA maintains CFDA on government's website

The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) is a comprehensive database of Federal programs. It includes financial assistance and non-financial assistance programs administered by federal agencies. The purpose of the catalog is to improve coordination between the various departments and agencies of the United States government.

The Catalog database contains information submitted by over one thousand Federal programs and 57 Federal departments. It includes information on grants, loans, loan guarantees, scholarships, insurance, and other types of assistance. Interested individuals may contact Bill Erwin at (202) 40l-8944 for more information.

Annual federal financial report (FFR) SF425 required

The SF425 is required for federal awards that require matching funds. When the award period ends, the grantee must submit a final SF-425, Federal Financial Report, to OAO. This report must show the total amount of matching funds received and must not include unliquidated obligations. The report must be submitted electronically. It is also required to report program outlays using the same accounting system as the awardee's regular accounting systems.

The SF425 is also required for recipients of the Lost Wages Assistance grant. This report must be submitted no later than 90 days following the end of the budget period. This form must be submitted under the Economic Adjustment Assistance (EAA) program authorized under the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965, as amended. If a grantee has questions, it is important to seek advice from the state treasurer or accountant. For example, if a grant award is entitled to the "SPLW" formula, it must be reported using the "accrual basis" accounting method. This means the state records expense information when it is purchased, rather than when it is paid out, which is commonly the case with federal aid.

SAM database integrates ten previously separate systems to streamline awards process

The System for Award Management (SAM) is a database that allows federal agencies and businesses to find, evaluate, and award government contracts. Using this system can make it easier for federal agencies and businesses to make hiring decisions. SAM also contains information on excluded individuals and entities, which can help employers avoid hiring prohibited parties.

The SAM database integrates all of the information from the EPLS database, with a few differences. It has most of the functionality of EPLS but has its own terminology and organization. In addition, it includes the exclusion list that includes contractors and entities banned from working with the government. Although the two databases have some overlap, they are managed by separate agencies.

EPA Grants and Cooperative Agreements for CFDA Assistance Listing

cfda assistance listing

EPA funds grants and cooperative agreements

EPA funds grants and cooperative agreements through grants and cooperative agreements. The recipient of these funds may be an individual, nonprofit organization, or private for-profit company. Each grant has specific terms and conditions that must be followed by the recipient. These terms and conditions may be administrative in nature or programmatic in nature, depending on which grant program is being funded. These terms and conditions are designed to ensure that the grant money is properly managed.

When considering a cooperative agreement, the terms of the grant must be clear. The terms of the grant or cooperative agreement should clearly describe the EPA's involvement in the project. For example, EPA may have a limited amount of control over the recipient's activities, but does not have the right to direct it as a contractor.

The award process begins when an applicant submits an application for funding. A program officer at the EPA will send instructions on how to apply for a grant. Once the EPA receives the application, it will prepare an award agreement and appoint an Award Official. The award agreement will be sent to the recipient by mail or electronic means. The recipient must review and agree with all the terms in the agreement before the award can be made.

The project should be focused on the problem of pollution, and it should have a measurable effect on pollution. The EPA also wants the project to be effective in preventing pollution, reducing pollution, or controlling pesticides. It should also involve the concept of learning. As the project proceeds, the EPA will provide technical assistance to the recipients.

The EPA funds grants and cooperative agreements through partnerships with local and state governments, higher education institutions, and nonprofit organizations. This program enables visionary organizations to achieve their goals and protect the environment. In the process, it also funds cutting-edge scientific research and advances community knowledge to protect the environment. With EPA funding, countless organizations are able to protect human health and the environment. So, if you're planning a project, make sure to follow these guidelines and prepare your proposal accordingly.

The EPA funds a variety of research and demonstration grants. The grants support high-quality research and extramural projects. It also funds training and technical assistance for communities. This helps reduce pollution and improve the health of communities. For example, EPA funds grants and cooperative agreements that help people improve their health by helping them work in environmentally sound jobs.

These grants and cooperative agreements help increase the knowledge and experience of trainees, allowing them to better address the environmental health challenges that they face. These projects also develop the scientific foundation that will enable them to formulate better risk assessments, develop dose-response relationships, and estimate human exposure characteristics. These trainees are equipped to tackle environmental health problems, resulting in a better, more qualified workforce.

EPA funds cooperative agreements

A cooperative agreement is an agreement in which EPA funds a private entity for the purpose of completing a specific project. These agreements often require the recipient to fulfill certain requirements, including the identifying of project objectives, establishing budgets, and managing project resources. In some cases, these agreements are also required to include the recipient's financial and administrative records.

Grants from the EPA must be accompanied by a financial management system that is capable of tracking managerial and supervisory approvals. EPA grants are subject to periodic evaluations by the Office of Inspector General, which is responsible for ensuring that the government funds are being used effectively and efficiently. Funds may be used to address a variety of environmental, behavioral, health, and programmatic outcomes. These outcomes may not be attainable within the grant period.

Grants are funded incrementally on a 12-month basis, though some cooperative agreements may be fully funded at the time of award. The expected performance period is generally two to five years, depending on the project's requirements. The Technical Assistance to Brownfields (TAB) cooperative agreements are expected to last for five years, while other grants may last less time than five years.

The CFDA assistance listing program is part of the Office of Global Development (OGD). The CFDA funding program also includes a CDC-funded grant program. This program provides information to small businesses, nonprofit organizations, and other organizations on how to apply for grants. The grant program funds cooperative agreements between nonprofits and private entities to provide environmental services. Its goal is to increase community resilience through the implementation of innovative technologies.

EPA provides both competitive and non-competitive grant programs. Competitive opportunities are open to eligible entities, and the EPA will review applications against criteria disclosed in the competitive announcement. Selections are made according to established program guidelines and statutory funding formulas. Both types of funding provide EPA with an opportunity to leverage the expertise of local and tribal organizations and implement its mission.

Cooperative agreements for CFDA assistance are not funded on a perpetual basis, but may be incrementally funded over time. Funding is contingent on satisfactory progress and relevance to the goals of EPA. In addition, some programs have guidelines rather than regulations. One example of this is the Uniform Administrative Requirements for Non-Federal Entities (UGAR) Guidelines. These guidelines reduce the administrative burden on non-federal entities that receive Federal awards, and decrease the potential for fraud and waste.

Cooperative agreements for CFDA assistance must include appropriate documentation. These documents must demonstrate that the participating tribes are partners and that their member governments have given the necessary authorization. Authorization may be provided through a tribal council resolution or a written certification from an authorized representative of each member tribe. An application without this documentation is considered incomplete.

EPA funds grants

EPA funds grants for CFDA assistance listing activities through the federal government's Office of the Inspector General (OIG). The OIG reviews grant funds to ensure that they are used efficiently and effectively to achieve the grant's environmental and social goals. Each grant comes with a set of terms and conditions, which the recipient must follow to obtain the funding. These terms and conditions may be based on statutory, regulatory, or programmatic requirements.

The EPA awards grants totaling $4 billion per year for various environmental programs. The grants help visionary organizations reach their goals of protecting the environment. The EPA's assistance program has helped countless organizations fulfill their environmental goals. Interested applicants can access the catalog of federal domestic assistance to learn more about the many types of programs available.

The EPA awards grants to non-profit organizations for a variety of purposes, such as research, public education, and outreach. The funds are distributed through competitive and non-competitive grant opportunities. Competitive grants invite organizations to submit proposals and then review applications against the criteria described in the competitive announcement. Non-competitive grants are awarded based on published program guidance and statutory funding formulas.

The EPA also issues a spread sheet that provides information on funding priorities. The spreadsheet lists information by Assistance Listing Number and by Infrastructure Project, as defined in section 70912(5) and 70912(7) of the IIJA. The spreadsheet includes information required by section 70913(b) of the IIJA as well as additional information that EPA considers relevant.

However, EPA has not resolved the issue of incomplete CFDA information. Nevertheless, it has taken steps to address criticisms about the incomplete information. For example, the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works asked the OGD for information on grant opportunities. The Director's Office should evaluate the implementation of the CFDA and ensure that the CFDA is complete.

EPA also has a grants management program that oversees the grant process. The EPA monitors the effectiveness of the program and provides timely information to recipients. It also ensures that the information contained in the catalog is accurate. In addition, the Office of Grants and Debarment also reviews proposed entries in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance.

The EPA's Clean Water Program provides funding for state and local governments, nonprofit organizations, and Indian tribes to improve water resources. The organization also provides technical assistance for watershed improvement projects and other activities involving water pollution control. This assistance can include assistance with floodwater detention projects.

The Finnish Word Suomi

suomi  wikipedia indonesia

The Finnish word suomi has two roots: Pre-Proto-Finnic *sama and Proto-Balto-Slavic *zeme. The latter is a variant of Indo-European *dheghom, and the two are related by vowel correspondences. Other possible origins include Proto-Balto-Germanic borrowing.

Wikidata data is free

Wikidata is a free knowledge base that can be read and edited by humans and computers. It provides data from many Wikimedia projects, including Wikipedia. Wikidata acts as a centralized data store and enables users to search and find information quickly. Besides Wikipedia, Wikidata is used by many other websites. Its data is created by a community of volunteers and is free for all to use.

The Wikidata community also helps in determining if a particular data set is suitable for use in another project. Data is available from various sources and can be used to build interactive maps, statistical tools, or other applications. For example, the Wikidata community is available to help users identify duplicate or inaccurate data. The Wikidata community also provides tools for data manipulation. These tools can be found in the Wikidata Tools Directory.

Generally, you need a unique identifier (QID) to create a Wikidata item. This is not mandatory, but it helps mappers and data consumers. For example, you can tag a KFC restaurant as KFC by using Q303 (KFC). If you are in China, you can use Q610926, which is the Chinese pronunciation of "Kentucky".

Wikidata data is multilingual

Wikidata is a multilingual knowledge graph maintained by the Wikimedia Foundation. It is an open source database that relies on community contributions and is available in over 200 languages. There are many ways to contribute, from improving documentation to creating new data properties.

Generally, the best way to get started is to edit Wikidata entries yourself. You can learn how to edit Wikidata and other related topics by consulting Wikidata's help pages. If you're unsure, you can also ask questions in the project chat or with the development team.

Multilingual users tend to switch between a small group of languages that they are familiar with. This means that they do not need to spend a lot of time scanning long lists of languages. The user's preferred language will be displayed in the edit box, and they will also be able to edit and add labels, descriptions, and aliases in that language.

Another way to make Wikidata items more useful is to include the brand name. The brand name is an example of a Wikidata item and should be accompanied by a human-readable brand tag. This helps mappers and data consumers to identify the location of a specific brand. Adding this tag also makes it easier for renderers to localize a location as KFC and mark it with its logo.

While there are many different ways to use Wikidata, understanding how to properly use it is important. For example, a statement can be written in one language, but the values and descriptions should be unique. This is why it's important to include a description in addition to the QID. Using the label and description together allows users to search the content of a specific item in a single language.

The language list feature prioritizes languages based on user feedback. The list includes languages that have been used in articles or are used in the article's text. The list also includes an icon to indicate featured languages. The continents can be removed if they are not needed.

The skewness of Wikipedia data can have important implications for professionals and the general public. The skewness of Wikipedia content can negatively affect the credibility of the content. This can affect student and public access to information. Several studies have examined Wikipedia reliability and topic coverage, and have identified the impact of conflict and vandalism.

Wikidata data is published under the Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication 1.0

Wikidata is a free, open database that contains structured data used in various Wikimedia projects. All Wikidata data is published under the Creative-Commons Public Domain Dedication 1.0, which means that anyone can use, modify, and distribute it for any purpose without asking permission. Wikidata data can be used by humans and machines alike, and is also multilingual, enabling editors to enter information in any language.

The National Gallery of Art (NGA) is a great example of an institution that is committed to open access. As a part of their development efforts in the digital cultural sector, they are working with Wikimedia to publish their collections on Wikidata. Their contributions include more than 20,000 records of art objects.

Wikidata data is published under the Public Domain Dedication 1.0 license, which means that you can add it to your Wikipedia articles. Contributors are encouraged to add citations to their articles. As a result, Wikidata is a great tool for scholarly communication and publishing.

To begin using Wikidata, you need to create an account. After registering, you can learn more about the basics of the platform. You can also take a Wikidata Tour, which will teach you about the basic concepts and explain the process of adding coordinates, images, and more. Once you're familiar with the basics, you can begin adding your own Wikidata data.

Wikidata is fully multilingual, meaning you can edit data in any language. This makes it very easy to translate Wikidata data to other languages. Wikidata is a secondary database, which means that it stores statements, sources, and links, which reflects the diversity of knowledge available. Additionally, Wikidata data is structured, making it easy for computers to process and reuse.

Wikidata data is published under the Creative-Commons Public Domain Dedication 1.0 license, which is free and open-source. The Wikimedia Foundation's Wikidata project is a linked-data repository that provides structured data to its sister projects. Wikidata data is easily integrated with other resources, making it an important part of the infrastructure supporting scientific knowledge.

The Wikidata model defines the way in which knowledge can be added to the database. For example, the WikiPathways database is used to visualize interactions between biological entities. The Wikidata model requires mappings from external data to identifiers in Wikidata. This allows Wikidata to create a link between the biological entities in a pathway and the corresponding journal articles.

Wikidata data is created by a community of 18,000 active contributors and includes a variety of web applications. The community has also created many tools to facilitate data creation and display. The Scholia tool is one of the examples of a third-party tool that makes use of Wikidata.

Creative Commons licenses require the attribution of the creator, the "BY" element, and non-commercial usage. CC0 licenses are available through several content directories.

Suomi on Wikipedia

suomi  wikipedia shqip

Suomi is a popular tourist destination in Finland. This UNESCO World Heritage site features an inhabited 18th century sea fortress built on six islands. Visitors can learn about the language, sauna traditions, and Yle radio. The website also offers information about the country's unique cultural heritage.

Finnish language

The Finnish language has a rich history dating back to the 16th century. In fact, the New Testament was translated into Finnish by the Lutheran bishop Mikael Agricola. Most recently, the article was revised by Amy Tikkanen. In addition, Wikipedia has an extensive list of Finnish words, and it contains numerous definitions.

Finnish has two main verb forms: the passive and active. While the passive is similar to the active, there are several differences between the two. For one, the Finnish passive voice is unipersonal, so no one agent is identified. The passive form is also used only once, so it is not possible to identify the agent.

In Finnish, words ending in 'e' behave like the former -h stem, though some dialects use -s stems. Usually, the 'e' is assibilated to form the genitive, while the 't' forms the 'teen'. In addition, hyphens separate morphemes in Finnish, but they are not used in written text.

Before the emergence of the modern state, Finland was ruled by a monarchy. However, the country became a presidential republic in 1919. Its first president, K. J. Stahlberg, was a liberal nationalist who promoted the rule of law. He also introduced internal reforms that favored women.

Finnish writers

Finnish writers on Wikipedia are listed in subcategories. This list is dynamic and will likely never be fully complete. However, you can help by adding missing items. You can start by adding articles on women writers in Finland. Then, move the articles into the relevant subcategories. After all, this list is about writers, and you can't exclude women from it.

There are several popular Finnish writers. The most popular ones are Sofi Oksanen, Veikko Huvinen, Antti Tuuri, Kari Hotakainen, Johanna Sinisalo, and Ilkka Remes. There are also some notable modern writers, such as Jari Tervo.

Finnish writers include poets, writers, and musicians. It also has a distinct spelling system. Finnish does not use umlauts in front of the vowel, as in many other languages. It also makes use of a dieresis for front vowels. This makes the language easier to read.

Nouns in Finnish may be in the accusative, partitive, or genitive. Their forms depend on whether the subject noun is a singular or plural noun. In addition, Finnish has two forms of the passive voice. The first one is the true passive voice; the second is the standard passive voice.

Kalevala is the most famous collection of Finnish folk poetry and is the national epic. It was first published in 1835 and has become a symbol of Finnish nationalism. It also has a strong influence on Finnish art and music. It was compiled by Elias Lonnrot.

Sauna traditions

The Finnish sauna is an elemental form of wellness. It's made from wood, fire, and stone, and its design reflects the Finnish aesthetic of function, simplicity, and naturalism. Saunas are a way for the Finns to reconnect with nature and the earth, and many of them have a very unique ritual of jumping into the water and rolling around in the snow after a sauna.

Saunas are often found in public or private settings, depending on the location and company. Traditionally, women do not wear clothes in the sauna. In a public sauna, men and women usually take turns. While the men are allowed to be naked in the sauna, it's not considered acceptable to talk about sex in the sauna.

In ancient times, Finns used saunas as their final cleansing and healing rooms. They believed that saunas would cure illnesses, improve circulation, and boost the immune system. The sauna was an important part of Finns' life, where they would socialize and conduct business. In modern Finland, saunas are widely available in homes, apartment buildings, and country cottages. So, if you are visiting Finland, be sure to try out the Finnish sauna!

The oldest saunas in Finland date back to the Neolithic period. In these ancient saunas, hot stones were placed inside. Today, saunas are not luxury, but an important part of Finnish life. The Finnish sauna is home to three million saunas and over five million people.

Yle radio

Yle is a Finnish broadcaster that first began broadcasting in 1927. From 1958 to 2012, broadcasters paid a fee to Yle to use its broadcast frequencies. The fee was partially offset by contributions from private broadcasters. In 2013, the fee was replaced by a public broadcasting tax. This tax is collected from private individuals and corporations, and is intended to cover the costs of broadcasting.

Yle Radio Suomi is a radio station in Finland that focuses on music and sports. The station airs various regional programs, and hosts music festivals. It is a member of the Yleisradio broadcasting network. Its programming attracts a younger audience and is regularly ranked the most popular in Finland.

Yle has expanded its programming to several cities throughout Finland. The first was Capital FM, a 24-hour digital station that broadcast Yle broadcasts in French, Russian, and English. This station is located in Kuopio. In the mid-1990s, Yle expanded into five other cities.

Yle Radio Suomi is the national news, contact, and entertainment channel. The company also has two youth-oriented channels, Yle X3M, and Yle Vega. The latter offers news in Swedish, as well as culture programmes.

UNESCO World Heritage Site

The UNESCO World Heritage Site of Suomenlinna is a natural landscape complex containing a number of different islands. The region, which includes the island of Suomi, was inscribed in July 2006 and is part of the Kvarken Archipelago in Sweden. The region is an example of post-glacial uplift. In fact, it is the only place in the world where the land continues to rise in elevation. It contains a number of glacial formations, including moraines, which are shaped by glacial ice.

The UNESCO World Heritage Site of Suomenlinna also includes the medieval town of Rauma, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The old town, which dates back to 1748, contains approximately 600 wooden houses. Those buildings, some of which are 450 years old, are a unique example of medieval construction in this area. The city is also home to the Petajavesi Church, which was constructed between 1763 and 1765. During its construction, the church housed over 700 people.

The UNESCO World Heritage Site of Suomenlinna includes the Sammallahdenmaki archaeological site, which was added to the list in 1999. This is the first archeological site in Finland to be included on this list. A further addition to the UNESCO list is the Struve Geodetic Arc, which is a chain of measuring points that was laid out in the early 19th century by German astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve.

A Brief Suomi Biography

suomi  wikipedia biography

The following is a brief biography of the Finnish scientist, Verner Edward Suomi. It focuses on the life and work of this pioneering researcher and her many achievements. She was also a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. The purpose of her work was to advance our understanding of non-human primates, particularly rhesus monkeys. As a research assistant to psychologist Harry Harlow, Suomi conducted studies that proved socialization had rehabilitative effects on rhesus monkeys. While working at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, she also assisted in the controversial "pit of despair" experiments, which deprived baby monkeys of food, water, and other basic necessities. The experiments were widely condemned and became associated with the animal liberation movement in the United States.

Verner Edward Suomi

Verner Edward Suomi is an American scientist and educator. He is the inventor of the Spin Scan Radiometer, an instrument used on the GOES weather satellites. It allowed researchers to create time-lapse images of cloud formations for television broadcasts. In 1980, Suomi received the first Walter Ahlstrom Prize, an award for outstanding lifetime achievement.

Alvar Aalto

Alvar Aalto is a Finnish architect who gained international fame in the 1940s. He was an architect who developed a design language for the public realm and responded to the natural environment. His work includes the Saynatsalo Town Hall, a masterclass in civic architecture. Aalto didn't work internationally as extensively as Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier, but his buildings were often found in Finland and its neighboring North European countries. He also designed the MIT Baker House Dormitory, a building with an incredibly unique design that was completed in 1952.

Aalto was born in Alajarvi, central Finland, and attended the Helsinki University of Technology. After graduation, he returned to Jyvaskyla and established his own practice. His early designs were reminiscent of Nordic Classicism. His later works were often influenced by the Modernist movement, as he spent time in southern Europe.

Aalto's work is widely admired. The Aalto Medal is named after him. Aalto's work was also featured on the last series of Finnish marks before the Euro was introduced. His designs are even used to promote special Aalto Wine and a specially designed cupcake. His biography is included in a number of publications and he has a biography by Goran Schildt.

Aalto's design is so recognizable in Finland that Aalto's signature is prominently featured in several buildings in his native country. Baker House, for example, represents the tradition of Ivy League universities, and he used the same signature in many buildings in Finland when he returned. Other buildings where Aalto's design is featured include the Syntsalo Town Hall, Helsinki Pensions Institute, the House of Culture, and the summer house at Muuratsala.

Aalto also designed Finnish pavilions for the Paris International Exhibition and the New York World's Fair in the 1930s. These pavilions incorporated wood elements from the Finnish forests. These pavilions were designed to convey the feeling of pre-industrial time. His bent wood furniture and curvilinear glass vases owe more to nature than to industrial design.

Jari Litmanen

The Finnish footballer Jari Litmanen was born on 20 February 1971 in Lahti, Finland. He has a height of 182 cm. He was a part of the first team of Finland in 1990 and scored his first international goal against Malta. In 1996, he was made the captain of Finland. He led Finland to many surprising wins over higher ranked opponents.

Despite his outstanding performances, Litmanen's career was hampered by injuries. He failed to repeat his feats in Spain, the Netherlands, and England. In fact, he suffered from a number of heart problems and returned to Finland. His success was acknowledged by UEFA in 2003, when he was chosen as the best Finnish player in the last 50 years. In 2004, he was named 42nd in the list of the 100 greatest Finns.

Litmanen was part of Finland's 1995-96 UEFA Champions League team and scored the equalizer in the final against Juventus. However, he later broke his wrist and missed the rest of the 2001 season. He was then transferred to Barcelona and later to Liverpool on a free transfer. However, he failed to take part in the treble-winning season of 2001. However, he scored against Tottenham Hotspur in the Premier League and also scored in a UEFA Champions League game against AC Milan.

The Finnish footballer, Jari Litmanen, played for Ajax in the 1994-96 season. During this time, Ajax had an undefeated run in the Eredivisie and the Champions League. This made him the first player in the history of the country to play in the European Cup and the Champions League. He was also the top scorer in the 1995-96 season. His strike equalized the match between Juventus and Ajax, but Ajax lost on penalties.

Count Per Brahe

Count Per Brahe was a Swedish statesman who was the Governor General of Finland between 1637 and 1654. In this capacity, he brought many reforms to the country. For instance, he introduced the postal system and founded many towns. His administration also promoted education. Under his leadership, Finland established its first university in Turku in 1640. In 1642, the entire Bible was translated into Finnish.

Biographies of famous people can be found in several databases. National biographies can be found in the American National Biography, the Austrian Prosopographical Information System, the Biography Portal of the Netherlands, the Dictionary of Swedish National Biography, the National Biography of Finland, and many more. The Internet is also a useful resource for finding biographies.

Count Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim

Count Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerhi (born January 28, 1865) was a Finnish statesman and military commander. He was the sixth president of Finland and was the military leader of Finland during World War II. In addition to being a noted entomologist, he was also a renowned politician, author, and businessman.

Count Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerhem was born in Finland, in the parish of Askainen. His father left his family to live in Paris with his mistress. After the death of his wife, his children were raised by relatives in Sweden and Finland. Their caretaker, Albert von Julin, became their legal guardian. Mannerheim's father eventually passed away, and the manor was sold.

Mannerheim was a controversial figure in Finland. He supported the Finnish military industry and tried to set up a military defense union with Sweden, but this didn't happen. He also supported the right-wing Lapua Movement, but this didn't happen. He wasn't too enthusiastic about war, and he signed many resignation letters.

Mannerheim was the commander-in-chief of the Finnish army during the war. His military career gave him ample opportunity to serve his nation in difficult circumstances. His leadership skills helped Finland emerge from war to peace. In this role, he was the only leader in Finland with sufficient prestige to lead the nation through a period of war and peace.

Mannerheim's role in world history was so extensive that he was named the greatest Finnish person of all time in a competition called Suuret suomalaiset (Great Finns). In 2004, a biographical film based on Mannerheim's life was made about him. It is titled "Count Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim - the Father of Modern Finland" and is directed by Renny Harlin.

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