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FutureStarrMonarda Flower OR.
The flowers are tubular and bilaterally symmetric, with a narrow upper lip and a wider lower lip. The wild flowers are single, but some cultivated forms have double flowers. They are hermaphroditic, with male and female structures in each flower. There are two stamens. Inflorescences occur at the top of the stem or emerge from the axils. They are typically crowded head-like clusters of flowers with leafy bracts. Flower color varies, with wild species bearing red, pink, and light purple flowers. M. didyma has bright carmine red flowers, M. fistulosa has pink, and M. citriodora and M. pectinata have pale purple. Hybrids occur in the wild, and they are common in cultivation. Seed collected from hybrids does not yield plants identical to the parent.
Members of the mint family (Lamiaceae), Monarda didyma (Bee Balm) and Monarda fistulosa (Wild Bergamot) are the most commonly cultivated of the 16 species native to North America. Monarda didyma produces scarlet-red flowers collared by red-tinged bracts, whereas Monarda fistulosa features light lavender to pinkish-white flowers surrounded by bracts that are often tinted with pink. Both species have tall, sturdy square stems and a spreading habit. They gave way to many cultivars and hybrids, which come in a wide array of colors including brilliant shades of red, violet, purple, pink and white.Monarda is long flowering and fully hardy, it is tolerant only of light shade and is really a sun loving perennial. Monarda will tolerant moist soil and if grown in very dry conditions, it's prone to powdery mildew.
In common with many aromatic plants, it dislikes excessive winter wet. This makes Monarda a bit picky as to where to plant it, neither too wet nor too dry, but essentially it wants to be planted on well-drained soil in a sunny position and if planted right, it is easy and maintenance free. Vegetable Garden and Pollinator Plants Mostly Native Vegetable, Herb and Pollinator Garden Davidson County Demo Garden Herb & Flower Cottage Garden Pollinator Garden- Full Sun Herb & Flower Cottage Garden Foundation Planting- West Side of House Pollinator Garden- Partial Shade Border Landscape Pinewild County Club, Moore County Pollinator Garden- Full Sun Foundation Planting- West Side of House Herb & Flower Cottage Garden Pollinator Garden- Full Sun Mostly Native Vegetable, Herb and Pollinator Garden Bee Hive Garden, Wake Co Pond Garden Bee Hive Garden, Wake Co Wildlife Garden- Bird Sanctuary (Source: plants.ces.ncsu.edu)