Mitella Diphylla OR.

Mitella Diphylla OR.

Mitella Diphylla

Soltis, Douglas E.; Freeman, Craig C. (2009). "Mitella diphylla". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). Vol. 8. New York and Oxford. Retrieved 26 April 2016 – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.Similar species: Mitella nuda has up to one leaf on the flowering stem and greenish yellow flowers with petals 3 - 5 mm long. Sullivantia sullivantii, Tiarella cordifolia, Heuchera americana, and Heuchera richardsonii lack fringed petals.


surfaces subglabrous or sparsely short and long stipitate-glandular; cauline leaves 2, mid cauline or distal, opposite or subopposite, subsessile to short-petiolate, blade (1.1-)1.6-8 × 0.7-6.5 cm. Inflorescences 1-5, remotely or closely 5-22(-27)-flowered, 1 flower per node, not secund, 10-45(-51) cm, sparsely to densely spreading or retrorsely long stipitate-glandular proximally, short stipitate-glandular distally. Pedicels 1-3 mm, short stipitate-glandular. Flowers: hypanthium broadly campanulate, 1-1.6 × 2-3.4 mm; sepals spreading, greenish white or yellowish green, triangular, 1-1.3 × 0.8-1.1 mm; petals white, 9-11(-15)-lobed, 2-4 mm, lobes linear, lateral lobes spreading or ascending; stamens 10, opposite and alternate with sepals; filaments white, 0.2-0.3 mm; anthers 0.1-0.3 × 0.1-0.2 mm; ovary nearly superior; styles divergent, flattened, 0.1-0.2 mm; stigmas unlobed. Seeds dark reddish brown or blackish, 1.2-1.6 mm, nearly smooth. 2n = 14. Flowering Apr-Jun. Rich woods, hardwoods on ravine slopes; 300-2000 m; Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis. A decoction from whole plants of Mitella diphylla was used by the Iroquois as an emetic, eye medicine, and good-luck charm; seeds were used by the Menominee as sacred items in medicine dances (D. E. Moerman 1998). Mitella intermedia T. A. Bruhin ex Small & Rydberg is a presumed interspecific hybrid between M. diphylla and M. nuda. It has been reported from New York and Wisconsin.

Mitella diphylla (Bishop's Cap) is a cute little wildflower boasting elongated clusters of tiny white flowers adorned with 5 delicately fringed petals. Blooming for about a month in mid spring to early summer, the snowflake-like fringed blossoms are widely spaced at the tip of the stem and borne above 2 opposite leaves, 2.5 in. long (6 cm), nearly clasping the stem. The basal leaves are more heart-shaped, often with 5 shallow lobes. All leaves are finely hairy and the basal rosette remains vibrant green throughout the summer and early fall. The flowers develop into unusual cup-like fruits with tiny black seeds nestled inside. They are spread when raindrops hit the cups and splash the seeds out. Bishop's Cap is easy to grow and easy to maintain once it is established. Gracing the garden, this delicate beauty is a lovely woodland spring ephemerals and worth getting down on your knees for a close-up view! (Source: www.gardenia.net)



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