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Maianthemum Racemosum

Maianthemum Racemosum

Maianthemum Racemosum

Phylogenetic analyses however show there to be molecular differences and those differences, combined with the geographical separation and morphological differences suggest that these should be considered separate species: Maianthemum amplexicaule (Nutt.) W.A. Weber for the western species and Maianthemum racemosum (Linnaeus) Link for the easternMaianthemum racemosum is a widespread species, found in all Canadian provinces and territories except the Yukon and Nunavut; all US states except Hawaii and also found in Northern Mexico. Subsp. amplexicaule has been found in western Canada in Alta, B.C., N.W.T., Sask.; and in the western US in Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nev., N.Mex., N.Dak., Oreg., S.Dak., Tex., Utah, Wash., Wyo. (Source: Just looking at the leaves, False Solomon's Seal, Smooth Solomon's Seal and Starry False Solomon's Seal are all similar. Starry False Solomon's Seal prefers sunnier habitats, has fewer, larger flowers, plus its stem is often more upright and its leaves are more narrow and stiffer than False Solomon's Seal. Smooth Solomon's Seal has racemes of flowers on the underside of the arcing stem, rather than a plume at the end. False Solomon's Seal often goes by Latin name Smilacina racemosa but the accepted name in Minnesota is Maianthemum racemosum; there are 2 recognized subspecies with subsp. racemosum found in Minnesota. Formerly in the Liliaceae (Lily) family, all Maianthemum species have been reassigned to Ruscaceae (Butcher's Broom). (Source: Etymology: Maianthemum comes from the Greek words maios, meaning May, and anthemon, meaning blossom. Racemosum means "having a raceme (a type of flower cluster)

Maianthemum racemosum (Treacleberry, False Solomon's Seal, Solomon's plume or False Spikenard; syn. Smilacina racemosa) is a species of flowering plant in the family Ruscaceae, native to North America. It is a woodland herbaceous perennial plant growing to 50-90 centimeter tall, with alternate, oblong-lance-shaped leaves 7-15 centimeter long and 3-6 centimeter broad. The flowers are produced on a 10-15 centimeter panicle, each flower with six white petals 3-6 millimeter long blooming in late spring. The plants produce green fruits that are round and turn red in late summer.Maianthemum racemosum (Treacleberry, False Solomon's Seal, Solomon's plume or False Spikenard; syn. Smilacina racemosa) is a species of flowering plant in the family Ruscaceae, native to North America. It is a woodland herbaceous perennial plant growing to 50-90 centimeter tall, with alternate, oblong-lance-shaped leaves 7-15 centimeter long and 3-6 centimeter broad. The flowers are produced on a 10-15 centimeter panicle, each flower with six white petals 3-6 millimeter long blooming in late spring. The plants produce green fruits that are round and turn red in late summerMaianthemum racemosum grows in habitats in North America up to elevations of 9,000 ft (2,743 m). The most robust and profuse occurrences of this plant are typically found in partial shade and deep, moist, soft soils. In the western part of North America an example typical habitat would be in a shaded ravine or riparian corridor with common understory associates of Dryopteris arguta, Trillium ovatum and Adiantum jordanii.Stem usually curved-ascending, 4-8 dm, finely hairy; lvs spreading horizontally in 2 ranks, elliptic, 7-15 × 2-7 cm, obtuse or rounded at base, short-acuminate, finely hairy beneath; panicle pedunculate or rarely sessile, 3-15 cm; fls very numerous, short-pediceled, 2-5 mm wide; fr red, dotted with purple; 2n=36, 72, 144. Rich woods; N.S. to B.C., s. to Ga. and Ariz. May, June. (Maianthemum r.; Vagnera r.) (Source: swbiodiversity.org)

 

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