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Los Cayos Miami;

Los Cayos Miami;

Los Cayos Miami

The best way to get there from Miami is by renting a car. The 150 mile journey is filled with stunning scenery, especially the crossing of the Seven Mile Bridge. If you don't have a car, or don't want to undertake the eight-hour return drive, the best option is to contract an organised excursion. Known internationally as one of the USA’s most culturally rich, cosmopolitan cities, Miami is in many ways a world unto itself, filled with a brighter, more frenetic energy than the rest of the state that draws jet-setters from all points of the world. After flying into Miami International Airport (MIA), rent a car and fill your itinerary with stark Art Deco architecture, world-class nightlife and pristine stretches of beach. Once the moon is up, locals and visitors dance the night away in boutique hotel bars and local nightclubs. Well-heeled shoppers indulge in retail therapy along the no-cars-allowed stretch of Lincoln Road and amid the luxury shops of Collins Avenue. Just 16 kilometers inland, locals and visitors alike savor the flavors of Little Havana, the epicenter of Cuban culture in Miami. Leisurely chess and domino matches and strong, sweet cortaditos are the order of the day each afternoon along Calle Ocho, a classic stretch of road lined with historic sites. Take a side trip north on Interstate 95; a 40-minute drive leads to Las Olas Boulevard, a mixed-use shopping district in the heart of Fort Lauderdale, bustling with shops, restaurants and plazas offering live entertainment under the sun or stars. To experience the ultimate in casual Florida living, a trip south to the Florida Keys is a must. Iconic cultural references ranging from author Ernest Hemingway to musician Jimmy Buffett linger in the air here. From Miami, Highway 1 offers an eye-popping drive primarily along – and over – the water, passing through the tip of Florida's mainland and taking drivers through Key Largo, Islamorada and Marathon, along the Seven Mile Bridge and finally to Key West, where a buoy marks the Southernmost Point of the Continental USA.The Florida Keys are a coral cay archipelago located off the southern coast of Florida, forming the southernmost part of the continental United States. They begin at the southeastern coast of the Florida peninsula, about 15 miles (24 km) south of Miami, and extend in a gentle arc south-southwest and then westward to Key West, the westernmost of the inhabited islands, and on to the uninhabited Dry Tortugas. The islands lie along the Florida Straits, dividing the Atlantic Ocean to the east from the Gulf of Mexico to the northwest, and defining one edge of Florida Bay. At the nearest point, the southern part of Key West is just 90 miles (140 km) from Cuba. The Florida Keys are between about 24.3 and 25.5 degrees North latitude.

The Florida Keys have taken their present form as the result of the drastic changes in sea level associated with recent glaciations or ice ages. Beginning some 130,000 years ago the Sangamonian Stage raised sea levels about 25 feet (7.6 m) feet above the current level. All of southern Florida was covered by a shallow sea. Several parallel lines of reef formed along the edge of the submerged Florida Platform, stretching south and then west from the present Miami area to what is now the Dry Tortugas. This reef formed the Key Largo Limestone that is exposed on the surface from Soldier Key (midway between Key Biscayne and Elliott Key) to the southeast portion of Big Pine Key and the Newfound Harbor Keys. The types of coral that formed Key Largo Limestone can be identified on the exposed surface of these keys. Minor fluctuations in sea level exposed parts of the reef, subjecting it to erosion. Acidic water, which can result from decaying vegetation, dissolves limestone. Some of the dissolved limestone redeposited as a denser cap rock, which can be seen as outcrops overlying the Key Largo and Miami limestones throughout the Keys. The limestone that eroded from the reef formed oolites in the shallow sea behind the reef, and together with the skeletal remains of bryozoans, formed the Miami Limestone that is the current surface bedrock of the lower Florida peninsula and the lower keys from Big Pine Key to Key West. To the west of Key West the ancient reef is covered by recent calcareous sand. While the islands of the upper and middle keys, consisting of Key Largo Limestone, form a long narrow arc, the islands of the lower keys are perpendicular to the line of that arc. This configuration arose from an ancient tidal-bar system, in which tidal channels cut through a submerged oolitic deposit. The bars lithified into Miami Limestone, and with changes in sea level are presently exposed as the islands, while the channels between the bars now separate the islands. The main chain of Keys islands can be traveled by motor vehicles on the Overseas Highway, a 127-mile (204 km) section of U.S. 1, which runs from Key West to Fort Kent, Maine in its entirety. The highway was built parallel to the original route of the Overseas Railway, which was not rebuilt following the Labor Day hurricane of 1935. Even before the hurricane, road sections and highway bridges allowed automobile traffic to travel from Miami to Lower Matecumbe Key, where a car ferry connected with another roadway section through the Lower Keys. Following the hurricane, some of the original railway bridges were converted to carry the highway roadbeds. These bridges were used until the 1980s, when new highway bridges were built alongside. Many of the original railroad and highway bridges remain today as pedestrian fishing piers. Take this 4 hour ride across 43 bridges and 31 islands to the “America’s Caribbean Islands.” The Florida Keys, a string of islands and islets bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. Once in Key West experience a Caribbean atmosphere complete with street artists, outdoor cafes and restaurants. Spend some time & explore Key West on your own. You may visit Ernest Hemingway’s House, The Southernmost point of the continental U.S.(the famous “90 miles to Cuba” Monument), The Mel Fisher Museum, the Light House Museum, Ripley’s Believe It Or Not Museum or Mallory Square to mention a few. (tickets not included). You may also choose to includes one of our most popular choices of thinghs to do while in Key West as the snorkeling trip, the glass bottom boat ride or the Hop on Hop off trolley. Definitely the best Miami to Key West tranportation service. (Source: www.miamitokeywestbus.com)

 

 

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