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Golpe De Estado En Chile 1973 Resumen Orr

Golpe De Estado En Chile 1973 Resumen Orr

Golpe De Estado En Chile 1973 Resumen Orr

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Se ha dicho que el golpe de estado chileno se habría dado entre los días 6 y 11 de septiembre de 1973 y habría sido el resultado final de un movimiento de rebelión militar encabezado por el teniente coronel Pinochet, que encontró la confianza de millones de chilenos, quienes habían votado mayoritariam

Chile

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President Allende wrote: "Chilean democracy is a conquest by all of the people. It is neither the work nor the gift of the exploiting classes, and it will be defended by those who, with sacrifices accumulated over generations, have imposed it . . . With a tranquil conscience . . . I sustain that never before has Chile had a more democratic government than that over which I have the honor to preside . . . I solemnly reiterate my decision to develop democracy and a state of law to their ultimate consequences . . . Parliament has made itself a bastion against the transformations . . . and has done everything it can to perturb the functioning of the finances and of the institutions, sterilizing all creative initiatives".

Allende began to fear his opponents, convinced they were plotting his assassination. Using his daughter as a messenger, he explained the situation to Fidel Castro. Castro gave four pieces of advice: convince technicians to stay in Chile, sell only copper for US dollars, do not engage in extreme revolutionary acts which would give opponents an excuse to wreck or control the economy, and maintain a proper relationship with the Chilean military until local militias could be established and consolidated. Allende attempted to follow Castro's advice, but the latter two recommendations proved difficult. (Source: en.wikipedia.org)

Allende

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Two days later, on 24 August 1973, President Allende responded, characterising the Congress' declaration as "destined to damage the country's prestige abroad and create internal confusion", predicting "It will facilitate the seditious intention of certain sectors". He noted that the declaration had not obtained the two-thirds Senate majority "constitutionally required" to convict the president of abuse of power: essentially, the Congress was "invoking the intervention of the armed forces and of Order against a democratically elected government" and "subordinat[ing] political representation of national sovereignty to the armed institutions, which neither can nor ought to assume either political functions or the representation of the popular will".

Allende argued he had obeyed constitutional means for including military men to the cabinet "at the service of civic peace and national security, defending republican institutions against insurrection and terrorism". In contrast, he said that Congress was promoting a coup d'état or civil war with a declaration "full of affirmations that had already been refuted before-hand" and which, in substance and process (directly handing it to the ministers rather than directly handing it to the President) violated a dozen articles of the Constitution. He further argued that the legislature was usurping the government's executive function. (Source: en.wikipedia.org)

Golpe De Estado

La Armada fue una de las ramas de las Fuerzas Armadas que presentó mayor oposición al golpe de Estado de 1973. El mismo día del golpe, por orden del Almirante Merino, se detuvo al Comandante en Jefe de la Armada Almirante Raúl Montero, quien era conocido por sus posiciones constitucionalistas. El mismo día se dio de baja a Jorge Domínguez, subsecretario de Marina.

Ministros de gobierno y colaboradores cercanos al Presidente fueron detenidos y llevados a centros de detención. Inmediatamente al Golpe de Estado se declaró el toque de queda en todo el territorio nacional a partir de las 15 horas del 11 de septiembre de 1973. El mismo día del golpe numerosos efectivos de las distintas ramas de las Fuerzas Armadas (generales, oficiales, cabos, soldados rasos y conscriptos), mostraron su respeto y lealtad al orden constitucional, negándose a participar del alzamiento militar, respetando así la voluntad popular expresada en las urnas. Muchos de ellos fueron dados de baja, otros tantos fueron tomados detenidos, de ellos la mayor parte de estos últimos fue torturada (muchas veces por sus propios subalternos) y un grupo menor de ellos fue asesinado o ejecutado por sus propios compañeros de armas. El Régimen también dio de baja, segregó y eliminó, por diversos motivos, a excolaboradores militares, que en su momento habían sido partidarios del Golpe de Estado. (Source: es.wikipedia.org)

 

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