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Birmingham Water Works boasts four water treatment plants - Carson, Putnam, Shades Mountain and Western Filter Plants - which together supply over 100 million gallons of clean drinking water daily to customers across five counties.
However, customer dissatisfaction with the utility's management has grown. That has prompted former meter reader Fred Randall to organize three petition drives in an effort to either force city council to take over or open it up for public vote.
Birmingham Water Works operates four water treatment plants that produce over 100 million gallons of drinking water each day, serving 600,000 customers in five counties: Jefferson, Shelby, St Clair, Blount and Ala.
The process to provide drinking water to customers is highly sophisticated, requiring extensive equipment and infrastructure. Water is collected in reservoirs throughout Birmingham before being brought into the utility's main treatment plant through a series of pipes known as "tunnels."
From the plant, it goes through several steps of treatment before being transported to homes and businesses. These include filtration, disinfection and storage.
Filtration is accomplished by passing water through layers of sand and gravel, eliminating any particles that might be hazardous to humans or animals such as viruses and bacteria. After filtering, the filtered water undergoes "disinfection", where it's treated with chlorine to kill any remaining germs. Finally, this resulting water is stored in a tank or clearwell until it can be distributed to customers.
This process ensures the water is safe to drink for people in Birmingham and other nearby communities. Furthermore, the plant utilizes advanced water-treatment technology to increase efficiency and reduce costs.
One of the latest improvements at Shades Mountain is the construction of a new filter building, which will increase their water capacity. This project began in 2018 and should be finished by 2021.
Shades Mountain Plant has several other water quality improvement initiatives underway, such as copper piping to reduce lead entering the system and installing low-lead replacement water meters throughout their service area. Furthermore, they are in the process of building a new treatment plant in Putnam County which should be operational by 2020.
Birmingham Water Works is working to improve the health of our water supply through participation in a program known as the Partnership for Safe Water. This collaboration involves over 300 utilities that undergo an exhaustive four-phase self-assessment and peer review process developed by water treatment optimization experts. Through this recognition program, members demonstrate their dedication to providing safe and high-quality water to their communities through improved treatment operations.
Birmingham Water Works serves more than 600,000 customers in five counties of Jefferson County and parts of four other counties. It draws water from surface sources in the Black Warrior and Cahaba river basins, maintains approximately 3,900 miles of transmission lines, and operates two sewage treatment facilities.
The system provides services to a broad range of customers in residential, commercial, industrial and institutional sectors. A significant portion of its infrastructure is underground which helps ensure better water quality control and minimizes pollution risks.
One example of the utility's commitment to protecting the environment is its ongoing optimization program at Shades Mountain Water Plant in Alabama. This initiative aims to boost plant efficiency while still ensuring high water quality standards.
To achieve this goal, the utility employs cutting-edge equipment and technology. These include a Mud Cat diesel auger dredge (Liquid Waste Technology) for solids removal and a plate-and-frame press from Bilfinger Water Technologies for separating and recycling waste from treated water.
Once the waste has been separated, it is pumped to a sedimentation basin where particles built up are gently scraped off and disposed of. This process can take up to one week.
In addition to waste recycling, Water Works employs a combination of treatment processes at its two sewage treatment plants. These include aeration, settling and flocculation to eliminate bacteria and other contaminants.
These treatment processes come together to produce a final product, which is then sold to customers for use. The Water Works has an efficient system for distributing water to customers that includes three tiers: first for usage up to 4 cubic meters per day (ccf), second between 4-15 cm3 per day and third above 15 ccf per day.
Water distribution is a complex and costly undertaking. Not only must the utility purchase, transport and treat the water but they must also pay for its infrastructure - which explains why new connections must pay an additional system development fee in addition to connection fees.
Birmingham Water Works (BWWB) is a public utility serving residents of Birmingham and parts of Vestavia, Hoover, and Shelby counties. It runs an extensive system of drinking water intakes and treatment plants as well as being the primary wholesale supplier to the City of Birmingham.
The BWWB has implemented various initiatives to conserve water, such as installing conservation devices on hydrant meters and restricting how long users can use water. These measures have helped save an impressive amount of water.
However, the BWWB is facing criticism from environmentalists over its water usage. A lawsuit filed last year in Jefferson County Circuit Court by Cahaba Riverkeeper and the Cahaba River Society charges that the water works board violated a 2001 settlement agreement by failing to place conservation easements on land surrounding one of their drinking water intakes.
Conservation easement was an integral component of the 2001 settlement, which required that 6,000 acres be permanently preserved on board-owned Cahaba watershed lands. This buffer acts as a natural filter to filter stormwater runoff and recharge drinking water supplies - an invaluable resource for Birmingham, which uses more than 50 million gallons of drinking water daily.
It plays an essential role in the system, keeping costs low for all water users and safeguarding Cahaba River and Lake Purdy. Furthermore, Wegleitner notes that land acts as a riparian buffer which prevents pollutants from leaching into groundwater supplies.
If the water works were to sell off this land to developers, it would make it more difficult for customers to access clean drinking water from homes and businesses, potentially leading to an increase in rates for customers. As a result, they have requested revisions to their 2001 settlement agreement, asking Jefferson County court permission to remove the conservation easement from these lands and replace it with another arrangement.
Environmentalists contend the changes violate the 2001 settlement and could allow the water works to sell off more of their lands to developers, potentially increasing pollution risks for Cahaba River and Lake Purdy. It remains unclear how the board plans to utilize the land if it can remove the conservation easement, but environmental groups believe this is another example of using ratepayers' money for personal projects instead of investing in long-term improvements that benefit everyone.
Birmingham Water Works offers a five-month water apprenticeship program to high school seniors as an introduction to careers in this industry.
The program provides not only an opportunity to acquire a new skill, but also gives participants experience and confidence in the field. Specifically, it emphasizes customer service, safety and compliance.
In addition, the Water Apprenticeship program boasts a number of remarkable successes, such as being Alabama's most successful student employment program. Through it, more than 100 young people have found permanent jobs at the company.
In addition, there are another 115 students employed through the Young Water Ambassadors and Ambassadors in Training programs. The water apprentice program has achieved numerous other remarkable accomplishments, such as creating a first-of-its-kind mobile app and hosting the largest customer service awards ceremony in California.
Birmingham Water Works plays an essential role in the city's water supply system, but is often misunderstood by the public. Its name is often confused with that of Shades Mountain Water Works - a separate corporation operating out of Jefferson County.
The company is one of the most efficient water purification firms in America, employing cutting-edge technologies and techniques to produce superior drinking water for its customers. Shades Mountain Filter Plant recently undertook construction on a new filter building which should increase capacity. Nevertheless, over the years there have been significant challenges such as a class action lawsuit related to chemical spill at their facility.
TikTok is a popular app for creating short video clips. It is the second most downloaded app in the U.S. and continues to expand rapidly.
Some TikTokers make money by selling merchandise, which can include t-shirts, stickers and other items. This can be an attractive method for creators with millions of followers to monetize their work.
TikTok has launched a new wave of digital stars, but many creators still struggle to figure out how to monetize on the app. While some make enough money from using TikTok full time, others use it as an additional source of income and platform to expand their brand and boost income.
One popular way to monetize your TikTok account is through brand deals and song promotions. These can be especially profitable if you have a large following and high engagement rates.
TikTok also offers its Creator Fund, which rewards content creators based on popularity and compliance with the app's Community Guidelines and Terms of Service. However, this fund only pays around 2 to 4 cents per 1,000 views for videos uploaded.
However, there are other ways to monetize your TikTok content that don't involve ad revenue sharing. For instance, you could sell merchandise or open an ecommerce store. Moreover, offering a subscription plan that pays you every time one of your followers purchases something from you is another great option.
TikTok creators who make the most money typically combine different income streams. They may do brand deals, livestreams, and sales of their own merchandise among other things to supplement their earnings.
Famous TikTokers such as Charli D'Amelio and Addison Rae have formed brand partnerships with major companies like Hollister and Procter & Gamble, typically earning between 30%-50% of their income from these sponsorships.
Popular TikTokers often make money through merch sales, which can be an excellent source of personal income. By selling your own shirts, mugs and more to show your fans that you value their support, it's easy to show your gratitude for their patronage.
Creating original content that resonates with your followers is the secret to earning big money on TikTok. Whether it's educational videos or hilarious comedy clips, if you understand your audience and create captivating material they enjoy watching, there's a good chance for success and serious earnings to be had.
Are you searching for a creative outlet that can lead to full-time employment? Considering starting an ecommerce business is the perfect solution. All it takes is setting up a website or online store and marketing your products using social media channels like TikTok posts - then linking directly to each item sold will earn you commission from each sale made.
TikTok is one of the fastest-growing social media platforms today, offering creators more than just a platform to share content. They can monetize their accounts and earn money through selling merchandise, striking lucrative affiliate marketing partnerships with major brands, collecting virtual gifts on LIVES or driving traffic directly into sales funnels via links in their bios.
In 2020, TikTok unveiled their Creator Fund as a way to reward users who generate large and engaged audiences through self-produced video content. To qualify for this reward program, users must be legal residents of either the United States or its territories, follow the company's community guidelines and terms of service, as well as have at least 10,000 followers.
According to TikTok, creators can earn between $0.02 and $0.04 per 1,000 views through the Creator Fund. This equates to $20-$40 for one million views, providing a great starting point for new TikTok creators who wish to start earning an ongoing income from within the app.
Earnings can vary significantly among creators, depending on their follower count and the type of content they create. Some report making only a few cents daily while others earn thousands of dollars every week.
The downside of this income is that it does not guarantee you a long-term career on the app. While it can be an excellent way to make some quick money, if you want to maximize your earnings from videos, then you must put in effort and continue producing content.
Another potential downside is that joining the Creator Fund program could result in a decrease in your views. Though there's no definitive way to measure exactly how views and earnings are determined, several creators VICE spoke to reported seeing significant decreases in their numbers after joining the program.
Though these worries are unfounded, it's essential to remember that the Creator Fund isn't the only way creators can make money on TikTok. Those who produce high-quality, engaging content also have opportunities for lucrative affiliate marketing partnerships with major brands, collecting virtual gifts on LIVES, and driving traffic towards sales funnels through links in their bios.
TikTok has brought about a new breed of digital stars who have amassed huge audiences on the platform. However, many creators are still struggling to monetize solely from TikTok revenue streams.
On TikTok, there are various ways to make money: brand deals, song promotions, livestreams, the Creator Fund and ad revenue sharing. However, the most lucrative opportunity lies in creating your own content and monetizing it with advertising.
Another popular way to monetize your TikTok account is by selling merchandise. This strategy is especially popular among influencers who have built an audience through their content and now have their own brand.
Merch is an effective tool to foster deeper, more meaningful connections with your audience and give them a reason to stay on your account. Additionally, it encourages viewers to interact with you beyond the video itself, which could potentially boost your follower count.
You can sell t-shirts, hoodies and full merch sets featuring your name, fandom name, catchphrase or logo on the front using print-on-demand services such as Sellfy or Printful.
Once your merch is established, you can start sharing it across your videos and encouraging viewers to purchase. Additionally, you can promote it on your website, social media pages, email newsletters and blogs.
If you're searching for more ways to monetize your content, the TikTok Creator Program can be a great option. Join this program if you have at least 100,000 followers and receive a media kit that displays key metrics such as views and engagement rates so brands can assess whether they want to collaborate with you.
TikTok's ad program is not as well-established as YouTube's, but it has already begun testing out ad revenue sharing for its top creators. However, this is a fairly new way of monetizing your TikTok content and it may take some time before this becomes an established source of income.
TikTok boasts over one billion active users, so it's no shock that brands and influencers are taking advantage of its potential as an advertising platform. Unfortunately, TikTok's paid ad model isn't cheap - typically only suitable for major brands and celebrities with six-figure marketing budgets.
Many TikTok creators are turning to affiliate marketing as a means of making money from their booming content. This is because affiliate marketing on TikTok works similarly to other social media platforms and can be an excellent way to generate passive income while also engaging with your audience.
As with most forms of affiliate marketing, the key to success lies in finding products that resonate with your target market. These could include fashion, technology, or consumer goods, among others.
Some brands will provide you with discount codes or affiliate links to promote their products in videos. Any sales generated from these links count towards your affiliate commission balance.
You can collaborate with brands to create branded TikTok content that drives traffic to their websites. This can be an excellent opportunity for monetizing your videos and gaining new fans, especially if you are already a big fan of their brand.
Affiliate marketing on TikTok may not be as straightforward as on other social media platforms, but there are still opportunities to make money with the right strategies and tactics. The initial step should be building a significant following on the platform so you can monetize that audience using various methods.
TikTok affiliate marketers often rely on coupon codes as a marketing strategy. This approach is similar to Instagram's 'Swipe Up' feature, where users can click an advertisement and be taken directly to a retailer's website to make purchases.
Promoting your sales through coupons can be a great way to boost profits, but it can be challenging since followers must receive an exclusive code in order to redeem the discount. To track how many people buy from these links, creating a dedicated referral URL is recommended.