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A Eupatorium Altissimum

A Eupatorium Altissimum

Eupatorium Altissimum

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Eupatorium altissimum is a Chinese plant, used historically for its medicinal properties.This perennial plant is 3-4' tall and unbranched, except for the upper flowering stems. The stems are covered with white hairs. The opposite leaves are up to 5" long and 1" across, occasionally with small teeth along the margins. They are usually dark green, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, and pubescent. There are three conspicuous veins that run along the length of each leaf. The rather flat inflorescence consists of numerous heads of small white flowers and their buds. These flowers are dull white and individually only 1/8" (3 mm.) across. There is little or no floral scent. The blooming period occurs from late summer to early fall, and lasts about 1-1� months. The achenes develop small tufts of white or light brown hair; they are dispersed by the wind. This plant may spread vegetatively through rhizomes.

Flower

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The nectar of the flowers attracts many kinds of insects, including long-tongued bees, short-tongued bees, wasps, flies, small butterflies, skippers, beetles, and plant bugs. Among these, wasps and flies are particularly common visitors. The wasp visitors include Paper wasps, Thread-Waisted wasps, bee wolves (Philanthus spp.), Scoliid wasps, Larrine wasps, Sand wasps, Spider wasps, and others. Fly visitors include Syrphid flies, bee flies, Tachinid flies, Muscid flies, and others. The caterpillars of several moths feed on various parts of Tall Boneset and closely related plants, including Haploa clymene (Clymene Moth), Phragmatobia lineata (Lined Ruby Tiger Moth), Carmenta bassiformis (Eupatorium Borer Moth; bores into roots), and Schinia trifascia (Three-Lined Flower Moth; eats flowers & seed capsules). Mammalian herbivores, including livestock, shun the bitter-tasting leaves of this plant; consequently, it tends to flourish in pastures.Tall Boneset often competes directly with Solidago canadensis (Canada Goldenrod) in disturbed areas, although it prefers slightly drier areas. The two plants appear similar to each other prior to bloom, although the former has darker leaves. This plant provides some white color to a fall landscape that is often dominated by forbs with yellow flowers and the brown color of dried-out grasses. This is the easiest boneset to grow in dry sunny areas. Some people may mistake this plant for a weed, which it is to some extent.

Leaves are 2 to 5 inches long and to 1 inch across, minutely hairy, widest near or above the middle, pointed at the tip with a long taper to the base, and stalkless or nearly so. There are small, widely-spaced teeth in the tip half of leaves but smaller leaves in the upper part of the plant may be toothless. Leaves have 3 conspicuous parallel veins and there are often smaller leaves in the axils. Stems are erect, unbranched except near the flowers, minutely hairy, and green or tinged reddish brown. While the flowers of Tall Boneset look much the same as those of Common Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum), the 2 species are easily distinguished by the leaves, with Common Boneset having opposite leaves that join around the stem. Common Boneset also prefers moist soil where Tall Boneset is found in medium moisture to dry habitats, and starts blooming later in the season. The flowers superficially resemble those of White Snakeroot (Ageratina altissima), which is a woodland species that has more heart-shaped leaves. (Source: www.minnesotawildflowers.info)

 

 

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