14 Grama OOR

14 Grama OOR

14 Grama

Soil and climatic conditions in Missouri are not suitable for growing American cranberry. Although not a true cranberry, highbush cranberry, also known as American cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus var. americanum) can be grown as an alternative fruit for American cranberry (Figure 1). Highbush cranberry also has ornamental value in the landscape with showy white flowers, red fruit, and colorful fall foliage. This plant also provides wildlife food and provides cover for small mammals and birds, including ruffed grouse. However, its fruit is eaten only sparingly by pheasants and some songbirds.


In April to May, highbush cranberry shrubs produce a white, flat inflorescence composed of fertile flowers in the center and an outer ring of larger, showy, sterile flowers (Figure 2). This type of inflorescence is frequently called a lacecap. The fruit resembles that of the American cranberry in size and color, but is generally more translucent when it ripens in September and October. Cross-pollination is not required for fruit set.

In James Rosier's book The Land of Virginia there is an account of Europeans coming ashore and being met with Native Americans bearing bark cups full of cranberries. In Plymouth, Massachusetts, there is a 1633 account of the husband of Mary Ring auctioning her cranberry-dyed petticoat for 16 shillings. In 1643, Roger Williams's book A Key Into the Language of America described cranberries, referring to them as "bearberries" because bears ate them. In 1648, preacher John Elliott was quoted in Thomas Shepard's book Clear Sunshine of the Gospel with an account of the difficulties the Pilgrims were having in using the Indians to harvest cranberries as they preferred to hunt and fish. In 1663, the Pilgrim cookbook appears with a recipe for cranberry sauce. In 1667, New Englanders sent to King Charles ten barrels of cranberries, three barrels of codfish and some Indian corn as a means of appeasement for his anger over their local coining of the pine tree shilling minted by John Hull in the "Hull Mint" with Daniel Quincy. In 1669, Captain Richard Cobb had a banquet in his house (to celebrate both his marriage to Mary Gorham and his election to the Convention of Assistance), serving wild turkey with sauce made from wild cranberries. In the 1672 book New England Rarities Discovered author John Josselyn described cranberries, writing: (Source: en.wikipedia.org)



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