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Morocco is a North African country bordering Algeria, Spain and Western Sahara on three sides. Its coastline stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea.
Morocco is a constitutional monarchy governed by parliament, with Islam as the official religion.
Morocco is a North African nation with approximately 34 million citizens. It's a constitutional monarchy with a bicameral parliament and independent judiciary, led by the king as head of state. Additionally, the monarch appoints the prime minister.
Rabat, Morocco's capital city, lies along the Mediterranean shoreline. It has a vibrant cultural life as well as modern tourist facilities to offer visitors. Rabat has long been one of Morocco's most important cities.
Morocco is predominantly Muslim, yet it also boasts a vibrant multi-cultural society with an extensive history and diverse ethnic groups. Morocco has always been known for its tolerance and open-mindedness throughout its existence.
Although Arabic is the official language in Morocco, local residents speak several dialects including Berber, Rif, Tamazight and Shluh. Additionally, French is widely spoken throughout the country.
Most Moroccans live in cities, although rural areas are experiencing growth as well. Marrakesh, Fez, Tangier and Casablanca are some of the country's most prominent cities.
Morocco experiences hot to very hot summers and cold to very cold winters. Temperatures in the north can dip as low as -5 degC (23.0 degF) during periods of cold damp air from the northwest.
Morocco experiences a wet season from October to April each year, as well as several droughts which affect the agricultural industry.
Over the past decade, droughts have grown more frequent and intense in certain regions of North Africa, particularly the Middle Atlas Mountains where reduced water availability is often experienced as a consequence.
Morocco is a major contributor to Africa's economy, ranking fifth by GDP (PPP). This makes it an ideal destination for visitors wishing to experience the culture and lifestyle of this continent firsthand.
The majority of Morocco's population is Muslim and speaks Arabic as their first language; French and Spanish may also be spoken by some Moroccans, though English has become increasingly popular among young Moroccans.
Berber language makes up a large majority of Morocco's population, as this was its original tongue before Europeans arrived. Today, about 35% speak this dialect grouping - known as Berber.
Morocco is a North African country situated between Algeria and Western Sahara. It's predominantly Muslim, with Islam as the predominant religion among its population.
Morocco is predominantly Muslim, yet does not impose any religious practices or beliefs. Christians, Jews and Buddhists are free to practice their religion within the country - though they may be subject to jizya (taxation imposed on non-Muslims from time to time).
The Moroccan government strongly favors Sunni Muslims, and many citizens identify themselves as Islamic. Shia Muslims, however, are frequently monitored by authorities and subject to severe discrimination and persecution.
Islam has been an integral part of Morocco's history since the 7th century, with Idris ibn Abdullah founding a major Muslim dynasty on the banks of the Fez River in 803 A.D. As ruler, Idris declared himself sovereign over all of Morocco in 803 A.D.
Before Islam invaded Morocco in 680 A.D., it was predominantly Christian kingdom. Under the Umayyads' rule, local Christians and Jews enjoyed considerable religious liberty for many years.
After Islam arrived, the Berbers responded with a revolt in 739 A.D. This conflict divided Morocco into several Berber principalities; although they were unable to take control of most major cities, they still maintained control over much of modern-day Morocco and much of Algeria.
Today, approximately 12 million Berbers speak the native language of Tarifit. Most of these speakers live in rural areas and use this dialect for communication with one another.
Another popular language in Morocco is French, which has long been a second language for most of its population. It's widely spoken in business, education and government circles alike.
English is becoming more and more widespread throughout Colombia, particularly among youth. It is taught in public schools and commonly spoken in some rural areas - particularly those that were once under Spanish rule.
The country of Morocco is divided into various ethnic groups, each with their own culture and traditions. The most influential ethnic groups include Berbers, Dris, Amazigh and Arabs; most of the Moroccan population consists of these ethnicities plus various minorities like Jews and Christians. Although there are a few adherents to other religions within Morocco, these adherents are not well represented within the country's boundaries.
Morocco lies at the westernmost tip of Africa, offering a vibrant cultural landscape. It draws its influences from Berber, Arab and African traditions with an array of languages and customs that make up its diverse population.
The country of Morocco is a melting pot of cultures, which you can see through its food and architecture. From Fez's tanneries to Rabat's ancient Kasbah citadels, you will experience this vibrant heritage firsthand.
Morocco's multiculturalism is an iconic feature of its identity, having evolved into a society marked by tolerance and diversity. As such, Morocco can serve as an inspiring role model for other nations around the globe.
Multiculturalism is the practice of allowing and encouraging people from diverse cultural backgrounds to live together in one country without sacrificing their unique cultures. This can be accomplished through mutual respect, tolerance, and an embrace of diversity in all its forms.
Since the 1980s, Morocco's government has actively promoted this type of culture to combat racism and uphold rights for disadvantaged groups.
Morocco has a Muslim majority, yet the country exhibits remarkable tolerance. It's known for its liberal policies towards non-Muslims, particularly regarding women's rights.
Although most Moroccans are Muslims, there are numerous non-Muslim communities throughout the country. They make up a substantial part of the population and have had a long-standing presence in Morocco.
Morocco's official language, Derija, is spoken by most citizens; however, other dialects such as Berber Amazigh, Rif and Tamazight also exist. French is also widely spoken throughout Morocco - particularly in higher education institutions and businesses.
Berbers have been an integral part of Moroccan culture for millennia. They are renowned for their hardworking spirit and resourcefulness, traits which are evident throughout their lifestyle.
Morocco boasts an ethnically and culturally diverse population, and the people are proud to showcase their heritage. This makes Morocco an enticing tourist destination - visitors are sure to have an unforgettable experience!
Morocco has plenty to offer tourists, from historic landmarks and captivating culture to the vast Sahara Desert. It's the ideal destination for travellers exploring Africa for the first time, but there are a few things you should be aware of before booking your holiday.
1 Tangier (Arabic: ltg; Berber: ) is one of Morocco's most beloved and well-loved cities. As a major port with regular ferry connections to Spain, Tangier serves as an ideal starting point for exploring this North African country.
It has a stunning medina, elegant corniche and beaches near the centre of town. From here you can explore some of Morocco's top sights such as Fez and Marrakesh with ease.
Fes is one of Morocco's foremost cultural centers and boasts a wealth of historical treasures. This medieval city has been inscribed on the World Heritage List for its distinctive architectural style and spiritual significance.
This former capital is home to the Qarawiyin Mosque and other monuments dating back to the 9th century. Additionally, you must visit the Merenid Tombs - a must-see sight!
Morocco offers some amazing places to explore, such as Fez el Bali UNESCO World Heritage site. Here you'll be able to explore centuries of city's fascinating history firsthand.
Fes is home to two iconic landmarks: leather tannery Chaouwara and madrasa Bou Inania from the Marinid Dynasty, both highly regarded for their architecture.
Visit the Saadian Tombs of Marrakesh for an unforgettable view of the city from these ancient ruins, built during Moulay Idriss' reign as spiritual and political leader. These Arab refugee tombs were constructed during his reign, providing visitors with a glimpse into his life as both spiritual and political leader.
Morocco offers a range of accommodation options, but for an authentic Moroccan experience we suggest staying in one of its traditional riads. These homes are usually owned and run by local families and boast beautiful inner courtyards. Staying at a riad is the perfect opportunity to get acquainted with Moroccan culture and tradition at lower costs than staying at a hotel would cost.