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On Saturday night, as writers' strike enters its sixth week, the Directors Guild and studios reached an tentative contract agreement that includes increased wages, work hours and residuals as well as new protections against artificial intelligence (AI). This agreement will now go before the DGA national board for approval, then to members for ratification. Here are five key takeaways from this deal: 1. Wage Increases Late Saturday night, the Directors Guild of America's (DGA) Negotiating Committee and Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers (AMPTP) reached a tentative agreement. This three-year contract includes gains in wages and residuals and safeguards regarding artificial intelligence usage, according to DGA statements. A special meeting scheduled for Tuesday will review and approve it before submission for formal approval from national board. This agreement marks another significant victory for directors this month, after the Writers Guild of America began its strike over pay on May 1. That union represents around 11,500 TV and film writers whose strike may last until June 30. Additionally, DGA contracts expire June 30. Though directors fought for many of the same issues as writers, their negotiations took on a much more serious tone, with guild leaders warning members about potential difficulties in negotiations and creating an outreach team to address any member concerns. Furthermore, the DGA altered its usual practice by starting negotiations earlier than usual in order to provide its negotiators more leverage in mobilizing members more quickly. Jon Avnet chaired the directors' negotiating committee, joined by co-chairs Karen Gaviola and Todd Holland and DGA national executive director Russell Hollander, while television creative rights negotiating team included Thomas Schlamme and Nicole Kassell who were joined by chief negotiator Duncan Crabtree-Ireland from the DGA. According to reports, the agreement includes 5% wage increases in year one with additional increases of 4% each subsequent year as well as 76% increases for foreign streaming residuals, and language that states artificial intelligence cannot replace members working on set. 2. Streaming Residuals The Directors Guild announced on Saturday they have reached an "historic" tentative agreement on wages, work hours and residuals with Hollywood studios for a three-year contract agreement, following days of talks and an important SAG-AFTRA strike authorization vote scheduled to take place Monday. An important point in negotiations was how to pay streaming residuals, with the DGA contending that current residuals do not accurately represent global viewership of services like Netflix and Disney+. Under the terms of this pact, international viewership data will be used to set new residuals for these platforms and an initial 76% increase will occur for larger platforms. Additionally, this pact will create the first-ever terms, working conditions and residuals for high budget AVOD content. Feature Directors will receive compensation for performing "soft prep" months prior to formal pre-production periods starting. Streaming episodic Directors will be guaranteed minimum guarantees per one-hour TV show produced, plus shares in streaming revenue shared between streaming revenue shares from AVOD streaming platforms as well as participation in this new residual system. Unit Production Managers and Assistant Directors may also become eligible for these streaming residuals. The DGA/AMPTP Pact also establishes new safety advancements, such as requiring dedicated safety supervisors; expanding safety training for directors and their teams; and outlawing live ammunition on set. Union leaders have stated they will present full details to their national board at a special meeting Tuesday to explain to members exactly what this agreement entails for ratification votes to take place; their current contract with AMPTP expires June 30 while studio pact is anticipated to run through 2022. 3. AI Protections The Directors Guild of America announced late Saturday evening they have reached an agreement with Hollywood studios and streaming services that includes improvements for wages and work hours, streaming residuals and artificial intelligence protections. Their negotiating committee plans on presenting this deal to members at their national board meeting this week; should it be approved, it would take effect next year. This agreement includes wage increases and an increase in foreign residuals of 76% for dramatic streaming content, along with mutual assurance that AI cannot perform the duties performed by DGA members during their monthlong strike against studios. DGA Spokesman Steven Perlberg noted the agreement established important terms, working conditions and creative rights for film and TV productions. An impending DGA strike would have created significant disruptions in production schedules across America. An agreement, which has not yet been approved by its national board, seeks to avoid industrial action that could potentially stop all on-set shooting and create delays across production schedules. SAG-AFTRA negotiators will meet on Sunday with representatives of the AMPTP to begin contract negotiations for its current contract, set to expire June 30. Members are scheduled to vote whether to authorize union negotiators to call a strike; should this occur, production and marketing of completed films could come grinding to a halt as could the entertainment industry as a whole. Negotiations committee hopes to reach an agreement by Monday. 4. Scaled Hours On Saturday night, the Directors Guild of America (DGA) and Alliance of Motion Picture and Television Producers (AMPTP) reached a "historic" tentative deal on a three-year labor agreement that includes "advanced wages, improved streaming residuals, an industry-first agreement on artificial intelligence" according to DGA. Furthermore, this deal sets first-ever terms and conditions for directors on non-dramatic scripted SVOD programs as well as reduce Assistant Director work hours while sharing residuals among unit production managers. On Tuesday, it will be presented for approval at a special meeting of the DGA national board and then put before its members for ratification. For Hollywood, however, this agreement comes as welcome news as 11,500 members of Writers Guild of America continue their strike and enter week six earlier this month. Directors and writers each have unique goals in mind when it comes to compensation of their members, particularly in an industry reliant on non-union actors whose rates may not match up with union actors' pay. 5. New Parental Leave Benefits Hollywood writers union has been striking since May 2, and this weekend the Directors Guild of America (DGA) went into contract talks with studios with an unusually gloomy outlook. But after spending all day Saturday at the table, DGA announced on Sunday morning that it had reached a "truly historic" tentative agreement which will now go before its national board for approval and then its membership for ratification. The three-year agreement would give directors a 12% wage increase and 76% increase in foreign streaming residuals, plus new parental leave benefits and guardrails for artificial intelligence use (with parties agreeing that AI cannot replace work performed by members). Furthermore, assistant directors were given more terms and protections; set safety improvements including no live ammunition being used on productions were enhanced and more payments are given for preparation time before filming commences. Studio bosses had long failed to negotiate improvements for assistant directors who had been left without pay when their DGA contract expired in 2016. The new agreement between studio bosses and the DGA is intended as "building for the future," with Leslie Linka Glatter leading its negotiation committee deeming it as "historic". The agreement comes just ahead of the WGA resuming contract negotiations with studios and streamers, hoping to avoid another strike by showing solidarity with SAG-AFTRA and DGA contracts due up for renewal shortly. Both actors' unions have shown more cohesion this year; though DGA members' focus on international streaming residuals that take subscriber growth into account as well as health and safety issues like live ammunition bans on set were more left than with its fellow guilds.