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Columbia Records has released several hundred albums through the years. You can learn about their artists, albums, Pressing plant, and catalog numbering system by reading this article. It will also explain how to search for the latest releases in your favorite genre. It's free and easy to do, and will provide you with tons of information about Columbia Records.
When you think of the Columbia Records Label, what comes to mind? For starters, you might think of music from the 1950s. The label used 45 rpm records, and it stayed that way until 1958. However, that wasn't always the case. The company also used different formats of records.
In fact, Columbia Records began in the nineteenth century. Since then, it has remained a stalwart in the industry, selling prerecorded sound. Today, the label is a part of Sony Music Entertainment Inc, a global recording company. Here, you can listen to an extensive selection of albums from the label.
From 1903 to 1924, Columbia recorded numerous artists. It also signed New York Metropolitan Opera stars like Marcella Sembrich, Lillian Nordica, Antonio Scotti, and Edouard de Reszke. However, the quality of the recordings was not quite as high as those of its competitors, like Victor Edison. Victor, on the other hand, was an Italian company, which also used the Victor Talking Machine Company to record music.
In the 1950s, Columbia began issuing "Greatest Hits" packages. These albums featured a variety of artists and genres. For instance, Johnny Mathis, Doris Day, Guy Mitchell, and Johnnie Ray released albums on the label. They were assigned the GL prefix, but they were also often available as 7-inch EP sets.
At the time, Columbia Records specialized in producing and releasing Broadway musicals. In addition, the label released soundtrack albums for popular movies. This era marked the beginning of the modern album. In addition to the popular music releases, Columbia also produced classical albums. It also produced recordings of the first classical LP.
Columbia Records also signed jazz artists. Miles Davis and Dave Brubeck both signed long-term deals with the label. These artists later recorded some of the most successful jazz albums ever released. Their albums included "Time Out" and "Kind of Blue." The latter album became one of the most popular jazz albums of all time.
Columbia Records also released albums of southern gospel artists. It was the first major label to sign Charles Davis Tillman and later signed the Chuck Wagon Gang. The group soon became one of Columbia's top sellers.
In late August of 1968, a Columbia Records Pressing plant opened in Newark, NJ, on the outskirts of New York City. The new plant was a converted knitting mill. The press was a primitive operation, and the pressings are a testament to this. The company's legendary recording studio opened late that same year. It was eventually closed in the mid 1940s.
After years of struggles and slowing down, the record industry began to move to more modern technologies. The Columbia Records Pressing plant in New Jersey was an early example of this. A billboard article from September 1963 stated that Columbia was phasing out their Bridgeport pressing operations. The company also shut down its Hollywood, CA plant on Alden Drive. By late 1963, the Santa Maria, CA plant was 100% online.
The ring on a record is a unique way to identify a pressing plant. Different presses use different equipment and leave behind a ring-shaped mark around the spindle hole. This ring can be one to three inches wide. For example, RCA pressings will have a deep carved groove, while Compo pressings will feature a shallow ring.
During its history, Columbia Records had five pressing plants. However, they eventually consolidated into three. These plants were located in Terre Haute, IN (1953-1982), Pitman, NJ (from 1960), and Santa Maria, CA (from 1963 to 1981). In the 1960s, the company had multiple plants, and eventually transferred its production to two plants in California and one in New York. Jazz LPs in this period, in particular, are easily identified by the trail-off etchings and the unique font color.
During the early 1930s, Columbia Records had a huge manufacturing plant in Santa Maria, California. This facility is still used today as a Costco Power Shopping Center. The company also owned the famous Studio A in New York City. During the 1960s, Bob Dylan used the studio. The building was eventually purchased by the A & R Recording Company. The Equitable Building was constructed next to the plant in 1983.
The Central Coast manufacturing plant produces 100,000 album records and 50,000 singles a day. Three shifts operate seven days a week to prepare for the Christmas season, when a large portion of the record industry's profits are made.
Columbia Records changed its catalog numbering system in 1948. Before, the company used a system with a single letter prefix to identify albums. The letter "G" was used to indicate double albums and box sets. Later, the system was replaced with a number, such as "F" or "C."
The original system for Columbia Records did not correlate stereo and mono releases, though that soon changed. The CS 8000 series was used for pop stereo releases. Two years later, the label switched to the MS 6000 series, identifying albums released by the classical label Masterworks. Similarly, OS 2000 series records were used for showtunes albums and classical LPs.
The catalog numbering system used by Columbia Records is quite complicated. The first step in understanding the system is to understand what the numbers mean. The computer numbers appear on various parts of a release, making it easier to find them. In addition, computer numbers allow for automation of the process. If you have questions, you should check out the Sony DADC guide.
Columbia Records first introduced a 10-inch disc in 1904. It was known as "Double-Faced" and was sold at 65 cents each. The company soon introduced the "Grafonola," a phonograph with an internal horn that competed with the Victrola.
The Columbia Records Catalog numbering system changed in the 1980s. The Haarlem coding system was used until 2003, and was replaced by a Sony catalog number. Despite the change, the Haarlem system is still the most secure identifier of Columbia Records products. It also includes the "08" code, which signifies contractual Haarlem manufacturings for external labels. Interestingly, the Haarlem coding system is bound to Haarlem and has the highest interpretation of the stock.
Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment. Sony is a Japanese multinational conglomerate and is part of Sony Corporation of America. The label was founded in 1889 as the American Graphophone Company, and later evolved into Columbia Records. The name Columbia is derived from Columbia's previous name: American Graphophone Company, which was the successor to Volta Graphophone Company.
The music industry is always changing, and Columbia Records, which was founded in 1992, has undergone many changes. The company is now a subsidiary of Sony Music Entertainment Inc. and is known for its wide variety of musical genres. As of the summer of 2010, the company has released a total of 66 million albums.
Tainter's life and career began early. He was born in 1854 and attended public school. Initially, he self-educated, reading technical books from the local library and subscriptions to Scientific American. He then began working in Boston with a variety of electrical instrument companies, and in 1873, he joined telescope makers Alvan Clark and Sons. In 1874, he was contracted to create optical instruments for a U.S. expedition to observe Venus.
Tainter married Lila R. Munro in 1886, and in the following year, he was working on improving his graphophone, which he intended to sell as a dictation machine. He was critically ill with pneumonia in 1888, but was later able to travel to Europe and form the International Graphophone Company. He received a French government decoration during the Paris Exposition in 1889.
Columbia Records was a division of Sony Music Entertainment Inc., which had many subsidiaries. Among them are Sony Classical, Epic Records Group, and Relativity Entertainment Group. The company also owns the Sony Corporation, which also owns Columbia Records.
Mitch Miller, A&R executive at Columbia Records, was an influential figure in the history of popular music. He was responsible for several number-one singles and several bestselling LPs. He was also the host of his own prime-time network television show. This three-CD set includes some of his most popular recordings.
As a producer, Miller had a hand in the careers of such artists as Louis Armstrong, AC/DC, Frankie Laine, Julie Andrews, Dinah Shore, and Jo Stafford. He also discovered Aretha Franklin, who signed her first major record deal with Columbia. However, she later left the label after five years because she was not happy with the company's policies and management.
Columbia Records had a long history of releasing records. For many years, it was known as CBS Records, but later on it was rebranded as Columbia Records. In the United States, Columbia is one of Sony Music's four flagship record labels, competing with RCA Records and Arista Records.
Columbia Records is a pioneer of the music industry. The company began in the late 1880s, originally called the Columbia Graphophone Company of Bridgeport, Connecticut. It was based on the experiments of Chichester A. Bell, a cousin of telephone inventor Alexander Graham Bell. The company received a patent for a wax-coated cardboard cylinder that could record sounds. The graphophone was officially introduced in the Washington, DC area in 1899.
Hoyt Axton was an Oklahoma native who became a major recording artist in the early 1970s. His songs were covered by numerous artists including Glen Campbell and Anne Murray. His voice was grandfatherly and his style was distinct. In addition to being an outstanding singer, he was also an actor. He was born in Duncan, Oklahoma. His mother was a songwriter who wrote the famous "Heartbreak Hotel." As a young man, he studied music in Florida and played football for Oklahoma State University. He also served in the Navy.
After leaving Columbia Records, Axton recorded two more studio albums on his own Tennessee imprint. Then, in the mid-80s, he began focusing on acting and film. In addition to appearing in the TV movie Christmas Comes To Willow Creek and the short-lived sitcom The Rousters, he also recorded a commercial jingle for Busch beer.
His solo career never really took off, but he was able to make a name for himself by covering other people's songs. His song 'The Pusher', for example, was covered by Canadian hard rockers Steppenwolf. The song went on to reach No. 6 on the US Billboard 200, and Axton's song was also featured in the counterculture road movie Easy Rider.
In 1953, Columbia formed a subsidiary called Epic Records. The company was competing with the Victor Talking Machine Company, and it used a new technology to record sound. It used special amplifiers and four speakers, one in each corner of a room. This technology made it possible for recordings to be played on television and radio.
Tom Rush began his musical career in the early 1960s while he was still studying at Harvard. He began playing Boston clubs and eventually had a weekly spot at Club 47. In addition to his original compositions, Rush also collaborated with many legendary artists. By the time he graduated, he had released two albums.
Columbia Records has a legacy of releasing great albums, from pop to classical. During the last century, Columbia Records has recorded some of the most influential artists in music history. Artists such as Joni Mitchell, Jackson Browne, and James Taylor have recorded for the label. Other artists who have recorded for Columbia Records include AC/DC, Aerosmith, and Tony Bennett.
In the early 1970s, Columbia Records entered the West Coast rock market by opening an advanced recording studio in San Francisco, which would become Automatt. In addition, they hired George Daly, a former bandmate and producer of Nils Lofgren. This studio operated until 1978. It became a hub of Columbia Records' A&R efforts.
Columbia Records - Sony Music recorded a huge collection of hit singles, and Lieberson was a key figure in that success. Lieberson was a renowned music executive who had a passion for quality and style. In the years that followed, his record company released many hugely successful albums and singles. He also championed prestige releases such as the complete editions of works by Anton von Webern and Arnold Schoenberg. One of his first major successes was the original cast soundtrack of My Fair Lady, which sold over 5 million copies worldwide.
Frank Sinatra's "My Way" is a must-listen for any Sinatra fan. With its swing-style arrangements by George Siravo, this song marked a pivotal moment in 20th-century pop music, representing Sinatra's transformation from a sweet-voiced crooner to a hip-swinging sophisticate. The swing-style arrangements of "My Way" are the perfect example of Sinatra's musical expertise. This album was the start of a successful career for Sinatra, which would lead to acclaim throughout the 1950s and '60s.
The LP features eight songs by Sinatra, programmed in chronological order. It also includes previously unreleased bonus tracks, orchestra-only tracks, and alternate takes. The LP also includes revealing footage from Sinatra's sessions at Columbia's famed 30th Street Studio, dating back to 1949. The booklet also contains information on many of Sinatra's collaborators, including Mitch Miller and George Siravo, who had a huge impact on Sinatra's career.
Columbia Records is one of the oldest record labels in the world. It was founded in 1887 by a group of investors. It was subsequently acquired by Sony in 1988 and renamed Sony Music Entertainment in 1991. In the United States, the label enjoys the largest Adult Contemporary Radio share in the U.S.
The voice of Frank Sinatra is one of Sinatra's signature records, and has always remained the star of a generation. His recordings have received a resounding reception, and the audio quality is impeccable. The LP has a very high quality and luxurious feel, enhancing the listening experience.
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Columbia Records CS-1069 is an album from the 1970s. The new cataloging system combined the labels under Columbia, starting with 30000, and followed it up with the letter CS. Until the changeover, the highest catalog number for a Columbia Records album was CS-1069, which was also the last in the series. The Consolidated 30000 series started in July 1970, and by the time it was complete, had issued nearly 100 albums.
Many artists have recorded for Columbia, including AC/DC, Aerosmith, Johnnie Ray, Gene Autry, and Frankie Laine. Many musicians also recorded for Columbia, including Tony Bennett, David Bowie, and Cheap Trick.
The CS 9999 series is the last release of the record label's 30 year history. There are different series for different releases. Some are sequential, while others are simultaneous. The Columbia Records CS 9999 series ends in 1990. From the time the label was founded in 1897 to 1970, the owners never changed. The record label released 32 records in five years, with each issue containing one single or album.
The numbering scheme of Columbia's CS series began with the album GL-500 in 1951 and continued until it reached an awkward milestone in 1970. At that time, the company switched to stereo numbering, which had originally been a four-digit catalog number. To combat this issue, Columbia adopted the CS-1000 as a temporary fix, keeping the old four-digit catalog numbers but using a three-digit numbering system.
The Columbia Records CS-1070 is a vinyl record manufactured by Columbia Records. It features a mono LP format. Mono versions of the record feature slightly different rim prints than their stereo counterparts. The mono pressings of the record were released from 1967 to 1968. During this time, the company introduced two more types of pressings.
Among the first albums released under the new numbering system were The Elvin Bishop Group's self-titled album (F-30001) and the Sesame Street Book and Record (CS-1069). The two labels were initially separated by two years until they were merged. The first album released under the new system was The Elvin Bishop Group's self-title album, issued on Fillmore Records.
The Columbia Records CS-1071 is an album that was issued by the company in 1970. This release is part of a long-running series of classic albums. The album was issued in both mono and stereo formats. The original mono number was GL-500 and the stereo version was CS-9999. By the time the series reached the CS-1000, the numbering system had been in use for 13 years. In 1970, Columbia decided to use the CS-1000 series for albums, and re-used the CS-5000 and CS-10000 series catalog numbers.
The Columbia Phonograph Company of Canada, which originally owned Columbia Records, went out of business. The label was relaunched as Nippon Columbia, a Japanese label. Its name was later used by CBS, which released its records in Canada under the Columbia name.
The CS-1072 is a mono LP released by Columbia Records. It features Frank Sinatra on vocals and includes some of his best known Christmas songs. Some of the titles include "Christmas Dreaming," "White Christmas," "Jingle Bells," "O Little Town of Bethlehem," and "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas." The original two-eye design lasted from mid-1962 to the summer of 1965. Later versions were issued with the "360 Sound" legend and white arrows.
The Columbia Records Pressing Plant is located in Terre Haute, IN. It stamps the letter "T" in the run-outs and sometimes on the reverse. Another plant, Columbia Bridgeport Conn., at 1473 Barnum Avenue, in Bridgeport, CT, was active until 1964. This plant used paper labels with Linotype Erbar LT Bold Condensed type, which distinguishes it from other Columbia pressings.
This album was issued in two versions, a mono version and a stereo version. Columbia began releasing stereo albums in late 1958. The label order for ML 4001 was placed on March 1, 1948, a few months before the company began pressing LPs for dealers. However, this early stereo release had some problems. It was later discovered that stereo versions were sometimes inferior to their mono counterparts, and Columbia subsequently replaced them with mono versions and/or deleted them altogether.
This record has a lot of music that reflects the company's roots. In addition to classic rock, the label also released recordings by the likes of AC/DC, Aerosmith, Julie Andrews, Louis Armstrong, and Miles Davis. These artists helped make Columbia Records a household name.
The CS-1074 is one of Columbia's most popular LP records. It's a double album that features a unique two-eye design. The original two-eye design was used from mid-1962 until summer 1965. The first side of the record features the legend Guaranteed High Fidelity in Venus Medium, while the second side features "360 Sound" stereo. Both sides of the record have slightly different rim prints.
The Columbia Records CS-1079 is a mono LP. This album was first issued in 1951 and was the second Columbia release under the four-digit catalog numbering system. It features songs by AC/DC, Aerosmith, Julie Andrews, Louis Armstrong, and Leonard Bernstein. Other artists that have recorded for Columbia include Blood Sweat & Tears, Cheap Trick, and Earth, Wind & Fire.
The first version of the CS-1079 used a two-eye design that lasted until mid-1965. The first version featured the text "Guaranteed High Fidelity," set in Venus Medium, while the second design had "360 Sound" arrows. The latter design was added on in the mid-1960s. The mono version of the two-eye design was stripped of the legend and the white arrows.
The Columbia Records CS-1080 is an affordable, high-quality compact disc player. It features a high-quality analog sound and comes with an integrated microphone. It also features a rewind feature that lets you skip tracks. Its compact design also makes it easy to take with you when you travel. It is compatible with most CD players and can hold up to a dozen discs at a time.
The series began in 1951 with the GL-500, and continued until the 1970s, when the stereo numbering sequence reached CS-9999 with Patti Page's Honey Come Back album. The four-digit catalog number was an awkward step for Columbia, which had been using a two-digit catalog number for the previous 13 years. In response to this awkward turn, Columbia decided to issue albums with the CS-1000 prefix instead of the CS-10000 prefix.
The Columbia Records CS-1089 is a catalog number from the mid-fifties. The CS prefix was used until the 1970s, when the company started using a new unified catalog numbering system. This series was used for both mono and stereo releases. Initially, albums had four-digit catalog numbers, but by the end of the decade, the numbers were linked. The CS-1089 is a rare example of a record issued by Columbia.
The CS series of LPs were released by Columbia between 1924 and 1962. The company was owned by the EMI group. At this time, it was known as the Columbia Graphophone Company. Its successor was Nippon Columbia, a Japanese record label.