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FutureStarrHow Do You Find 15 Percent of a Number
Let’s say you want to find the number that is 1. 5 times greater than a number. The first step is finding the bottom number. In this case, that would be the number 15. And then you multiply the bottom number by 1. 5. In this case, it would be the number 55. So the answer is 55.
78 is 15% of what number? So there's some unknown number out there, and if we take 15% of that number, we will get 78. So let's just call that unknown number x. And we know that if we take 15% of x, so multiply x by 15%, we will get 78. And now we just literally have to solve for x. Now, 15% mathematically, you can deal directly with percentages, but it's much easier if it's written as a decimal. And we know that 15% is the same thing as 15 per 100. That's literally per cent. Cent means 100, which is the same thing as 0.15. This is literally 15 hundredths. So we could rewrite this as 0.15 times some unknown number, times x, is equal to 78. And now we can divide both sides of this equation by 0.15 to solve for x. So you divide the left side by 0.15, and I'm literally picking 0.15 to divide both sides because that's what I have out here in front of the x. So if I'm multiplying something by 0.15 and then I divided by 0.15, I'll just be left with an x here. That's the whole motivation. If I do it to the left-hand side, I have to do it to the right-hand side. These cancel out, and I get x is equal to 78 divided by 0.15. Now, we have to figure out what that is. If we had a calculator, pretty straightforward, but let's actually work it out. So we have 78 divided by, and it's going to be some decimal number. It's going to be larger than 78. But let's figure out what it ends up being, so let's throw some zeroes out there. It's not going to be a whole number. And we're dividing it by 0.15. Now, to simplify things, let's multiply both this numerator and this denominator by 100, and that's so that 0.15 becomes 15. So 0.15 times 100 is 15. We're just moving the decimal to the right. Let me put that in a new color. Right there, that's where our decimals goes. Let me erase the other one, so we don't get confused. If we did that for the 15, we also have to do that for the 78. So if you move the decimal two to the right, one, two, it becomes 7,800. So one way to think about it, 78 divided by 0.15 is the same thing as 7,800 divided by 15, multiplying the numerator and the denominator by 100. So let's figure out what this is. 15 does not go into 7, So you could do it zero times and you can do all that, or you can just say, OK, that's not going to give us anything. So then how many times does 15 go into 78? So let's think about it. 15 goes into 60 four times. 15 times 5 is 75. That looks about right, so we say five times. 5 times 15. 5 times 5 is 25. Put the 2 up there. 5 times 1 is 5, plus 2 is 7. 75, you subtract. 78 minus 75 five is 3. Bring down a zero. 15 goes into 30 exactly two times. 2 times 15 is 30. Subtract. No remainder. Bring down the next zero. We're still to the left of the decimal point. The decimal point is right over here. If we write it up here, which we should, it's right over there, so we have one more place to go. So we bring down this next zero. 15 goes into 0 zero times. 0 times 15 is 0. Subtract. No remainder. So 78 divided by 0.15 is exactly 520. So x is equal to 520. So 78 is 15% of 520. And if we want to use some of the terminology that you might see in a math class, the 15% is obviously the percent. 520, or what number before we figured out it was 520, that's what we're taking the percentage of. This is sometimes referred to as the base. And then when you take some percentage of the base, you get what's sometimes referred to as the amount. So in this circumstance, 78 would be the amount. You could view it as the amount is the percentage of the base, but we were able to figure that out. It's nice to know those, if that's the terminology you use in your class. But the important thing is to be able just answer this question. And it makes sense, because 15% is a very small percentage. If 78 is a small percentage of some number, that means that number has to be pretty big, and our answer gels with that. This looks about right. 78 is exactly 15% of 520.
It is valuable to know the origin of the term â€‹percentâ€‹ if you want to truly understand how to calculate a percentage. The word â€‹percentâ€‹ comes from the phrase per cent. â€‹Centâ€‹ is a root that means one hundred, so per cent literally means per one hundred. For example, if you know that 30 percent of the students in a school are boys, that means that there are 30 boys per one hundred students. Another way to say this is that 30 out of 100 students are boys. (Source: sciencing.com)
When you are working in a role where you might deal frequently with taxes (for example in accountancy or the building trade), having a quick and easy way to calculate the tax in your head is very useful. In the UK, when VAT and CIS (Construction Industry Scheme) taxes are 20%, a handy mental maths hack is to work out 10% (move the decimal point one place to the left) and then double your answer to get 20%.
Learn the basics of how to calculate percentages of quantities in this easy lesson! To find a percentage of any number, use this generic guideline of TRANSLATION: Change the percentage into a decimal, and the word "of" into multiplication. See many examples below. Learn the basics of how to calculate percentages of quantities in this easy lesson! To find a percentage of any number, use this generic guideline of TRANSLATION: Change the percentage into a decimal, and the word "of" into multiplication. See many examples below. (Source:www.homeschoolmath.net))