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A How to Add 5 Percent to a Number

# How to Add 5 Percent to a Number

In the art of business, creative accounting is a standard operating procedure. The trick comes in convincing anyone else it’s real.

### Percent

The concept of percent increase is basically the amount of increase from the original number to the final number in terms of 100 parts of the original. An increase of 5 percent would indicate that, if you split the original value into 100 parts, that value has increased by an additional 5 parts. So if the original value increased by 14 percent, the value would increase by 14 for every 100 units, 28 by every 200 units and so on. To make this even more clear, we will get into an example using the percent increase formula in the next section.

Although we have just covered how to calculate percent increase and percent decrease, sometimes we just are interested in the change in percent, regardless if it is an increase or a decrease. If that is the case, you can use the percent change calculator or the percentage difference calculator. A situation in which this may be useful would be an opinion poll to see if the percentage of people who favor a particular political candidate differs from 50 percent. (Source: www.omnicalculator.com)

### Value

In some math problems, you might know the percent increase or decrease and the new amount, and need to work out the original amount. For example, you know a bed with a \$280 sale price has been reduced by 30 percent. To work out the original price of the bed, you have to establish what percentage of the original price the sale price is. The original price is 100 percent and 30 percent has been taken off, so the sale price is 70 percent of the original price. Divide the sale price (280) by the numerical value of 70 percent, or 0.7, to work out the original price. The answer is 400, so you know the original price of the bed was \$400.

Percentage increase and decrease are calculated by computing the difference between two values and comparing that difference to the initial value. Mathematically, this involves using the absolute value of the difference between two values, and dividing the result by the initial value, essentially calculating how much the initial value has changed. (Source: www.calculator.net)

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