Symptoms of a yeast infection
Yeast infections are caused by a fungus called Candida albicans it is also often referred to as a candidal overgrowth making it possible for as many as 50% of all women at some point in their lifetime to develop a reaction to it.A yeast infection can happen if your skin gets damaged. Yeast can also “overgrow” in warm or humid conditions. An infection can also happen if you have a weak immune system. Taking antibiotics can also cause an overgrowth of yeast. That’s because antibiotics kill the healthy bacteria in your body that normally keep the yeast in balance. But yeast in the vagina can sometimes "overgrow" and lead to symptoms of a yeast infection. Stress, pregnancy, and illnesses that affect the immune system may let yeast multiply. So can some medicines, including some birth control pills and steroids. If you're taking antibiotics, such as for strep throat, the antibiotics can kill the "good" bacteria that normally keep the yeast in check. Yeast also can grow a lot if a girl's blood sugar is high. Girls who have diabetes that isn't controlled are more likely to get yeast infections.
There are two forms of medication: oral or topical. Oral medications are taken by the mouth, while topical medications are applied to the affected area. Topical medications may include boric acid, nystatin, miconazole or clotrimazole. Your healthcare provider will give you information about each form of medication and directions on how to properly use each one. It is important to always follow your provider’s instructions when using these medications to make sure that the infection is fully resolved and doesn’t return. Over-the-counter antifungal creams, ointments or suppositories (with clotrimazole or miconazole) are the most common ways to treat yeast infections. These can take from 1 to 7 days. Your doctor may also choose to prescribe an oral antifungal medication, such as fluconazole (Diflucan) or ibrexafungerp (Brexafemme). Ibrexafungerp is taken twice a day for one day and targets the specific fungal cells behind the infection while fluconazole is a single dose pill which kills fungus and yeast throughout your body. If you’re pregnant, it’s safe to use creams or suppositories, but avoid the oral medications.
Controlling these infections may involve weeks to months of systemic antifungal drugs. Your health care provider will watch for overall health issues, as well as related issues like nutrition, blood sugar and catheters, that might be causing the problem. If your overall health gets better and you find an antifungal therapy that works, chronic systemic infections can be stopped. But in some cases a long-term infection means that you have some other health problem that must be treated before the yeast infection can be cured. Problems with your immune system that affect the normal balance of yeast and bacteria in the body. Having a condition such as poorly controlled diabetes or HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) can lead to too much yeast growing in the vagina. Taking corticosteroid medicines sometimes also weakens the immune system and increases the risk for yeast infections. Pregnant women are also at higher risk for getting yeast infections because of shifting hormones that can weaken the immune system.