Symptoms of a cold

Symptoms of a cold

Symptoms of a cold

Is Tom Robinson, the black man accused of sexually assaulting a white woman, a bird as well? While Tom is innocent, I do not think of him as having the same innocence as the children or Boo. As a black man in depression-era Alabama, I'm sure Tom could teach me quite a bit. Sadly, we don't learn that much about his life beyond the trial. Critics have said Lee did not give the book's black characters enough agency or backstory. I hope Tom wasn't meant to be the mockingbird Miss Maudie describes to Scout because, consciously or subconsciously, her words evoke old black minstrel stereotypes depicting African Americans as happy-go-lucky and singing a song without a care in the world. The Tom I imagine isn't a stereotype. He lives a full life. I wonder what he might tell us that our narrator, young Scout, does not know.How did Harper Lee get away with having a protagonist who doesn’t change? Because Atticus isn’t the protagonist in the book or the movie; Scout is—her flaw is that she’s young, and the change is that she loses some of her innocence. While I wanted to explore Scout, I absolutely wanted Atticus to be a traditional protagonist, so he needed to change and have a flaw … It turned out that Harper Lee had [already] given him one; it’s just that when we all learned the book, it was taught as a virtue. It’s that Atticus believes that goodness can be found in everyone.


One-Book Author: For whatever reason Lee never wrote another book. She had a second novel in the works, The Long Goodbye, and a nonfiction book based on the Willie Jo Maxwell killings, but nothing ever came of either of them. She contributed substantially to Truman Capote's In Cold Blood; this is her only other work to see the light of publication. This led to America's version of the Authorship Question. Proponents argue (on equally flimsy evidence) that Truman Capote wrote the book. Those that actually knew Truman Capote answer this with "If he had written it, there is no way that he would have been able to keep his mouth shut about it." This changed when a book she completed in 1950 called Go Set a Watchman was announced for publication in the summer of 2015.

Harper Lee was born in 1926 in Monroeville, Alabama. She published To Kill a Mockingbird in 1960 to instant acclaim, winning the Pulitzer Prize for fiction. She then worked with her friend Truman Capote on what would become Capote’s "nonfiction novel," In Cold Blood. Lee retreated from public life afterwards, granting few interviews and making almost no public appearances—and publishing almost no new material. She passed away in 2016 at the age of 89. Cold and flu viruses can be breathed in, or passed on by your hands to your nose or eyes. When people who are infected cough or sneeze into their hands, they can transfer the virus onto them. If sufferers go on to have hand‐to‐hand contact with healthy people, they can pass their cold or flu on. In the same way, healthy people can pick up viruses when they touch objects that sufferers have held or handled. (Source: www.beechams.co.uk)


The story told in the novel parallels two court cases that took place in Alabama but was not based directly on them: The Scottsboro Trials of 1931, in which nine black youths were tried for allegedly raping two white women on a train in north Alabama; and a November 1933 incident in Monroeville in which Naomi Lowery, a poor white woman, alleged that Walter Lett, a black ex-convict, sexually assaulted her. Lee began work on what would become the novel in 1956 while living in New York City. She originally conceived it as a novel focusing on main character Jean Louise "Scout" Finch as an adult returning to Maycomb for a summer visit and confronting the racial realities of her hometown in response to the civil rights movement; it was to be titled Go Set a Watchman. Her editor at Lippincott Publishers, Tay Hohoff, convinced her to pull out the flashbacks of Scout's youth and refocus the novel around them. Lee did so, and the result, To Kill A Mockingbird, was published in 1960 to critical acclaim and public enthusiasm, winning the 1961 Pulitzer Prize for fiction.

The novel's popular acclaim has increased with the passing decades. Pollsters estimated that three out of four high school students were required to read it. In 1991, the Library of Congress asked 5,000 patrons to name the book that had made the biggest difference in their lives. To Kill a Mockingbird came in second, after the Bible. In 1999, American librarians voted the book the best novel of the twentieth century. TV Guide and the American Film Institute have rated the movie consistently among the top 50 films of all time, and Atticus Finch is regularly cited as one of the greatest heroes in film. According to the Library of Congress, the novel is the country's most popular selection for citywide reading programs, in which residents of a community read a common novel over the course of a year. Perhaps even more astounding, the novel is required reading in many schools in Ireland, Great Britain, Australia, and Canada, as well as in many non-English-speaking countries. The novel has been translated into more than forty languages. (Source: encyclopediaofalabama.org)



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