James a Garfield

James a Garfield

James a Garfield

Garfield is a comic strip character who, in his signature spot as philosophy and psychology teacher at a New England college, speaks for himself and influences many to crack a smile. Garfield’s banter is witty, and his dot-matrix art style is immensely popular. The original strip ran in syndication more than 4,000 times a week, but Garfield was nearly reviled when the strip was adapted into a animated film in 2004, losing 18 percent of its audience in the process.



James Abram Garfield (November 19, 1831 – September 19, 1881) was a legislator, lawyer, and Civil War military officer, who served as the 20th president of the United States, from March 4, 1881 until his death six months later. Garfield was shot by an assassin four months into his presidency and died two months later. He is the only president elected while serving as a member of the United States House of Representatives.

Garfield was born the youngest of five children on November 19, 1831, in a log cabin in Orange Township, now Moreland Hills, Ohio. Orange Township had been in the Western Reserve until 1800. Garfield's ancestor Edward Garfield immigrated from Hillmorton, Warwickshire, England, to Massachusetts around 1630. James's father Abram was born in Worcester, New York, and came to Ohio to woo his childhood sweetheart, Mehitabel Ballou, only to find her married. He instead wed her sister Eliza, who was born in New Hampshire. James was named for an older brother who died in infancy.(Source:en.wikipedia.org)


In this landmark case, Ex parte Milligan, Garfield successfully argued that civilians could not be tried before military tribunals, despite a declaration of martial law, as long as civil courts were still operating. In his very first court appearance, Garfield's oral argument lasted over two hours, and though his wealthy clients refused to pay him, he had established himself as a preeminent lawyer. (Source: en.wikipedia.org)

An 1881 Puck cartoon shows Garfield finding a baby at his front door with a tag marked "Civil Service Reform, compliments of R.B. Hayes". Hayes, his predecessor in the presidency, is seen in the background dressed like a woman and holding a bag marked "R.B. Hayes' Savings, Fremont, Ohio". (Source:en.wikipedia.org)




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