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FutureStarrWhat is normal blood pressure?
Your blood pressure is a measurement of the force of blood pumped by your heart. Normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. This means that the first number is the systolic blood pressure, measured on top of your heart, and the last number is the diastolic pressure, measured at the bottom of your heart. To get a blood pressure reading, a wrist cuff (or an electronic monitor) is wrapped around your arm and the pressure measured by the cuff.
So to get reliable readings, blood pressure is measured on several different days and while you are resting. This means sitting down and relaxing on a chair, and waiting about three minutes before taking a measurement so that your circulatory system comes to rest. The upper arm that is being used for the measurement should rest on a table, at about the same height as the heart, while the reading is being done. The only way you can know for sure if you have high blood pressure is by having a nurse or doctor measure it. Monitoring your blood pressure at home also helps keep your blood pressure in check. Most often, high blood pressure is "silent," meaning it has no other signs to warn you, according to the CDC. Still, despite many at-home monitors having features that make it easy to interpret your readings, it’s important to understand what your blood pressure numbers mean, and which ones indicate a normal versus high reading.
Hypotension, otherwise known as low blood pressure, is a reading of less than 90/60. It can be just as serious and dangerous as high blood pressure and should not be ignored. Hypotension indicates that the force of your blood flow is inadequate, and this could mean certain of your vital organs are not receiving enough blood. Hypotension is a medical concern only if it causes signs or symptoms or is linked to a serious condition, such as heart disease. People who take certain high blood pressure medications, such as diuretics, have an increased risk for low blood pressure. High blood pressure (hypertension) means high pressure (tension) in the arteries. Treatment for high blood pressure include lifestyle modifications (alcohol, smoking, coffee, salt, diet, exercise), drugs and medications such as ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta blockers, diuretics, calcium channel blockers (CCBs), alpha blockers, clonidine, minoxidil, and Exforge. (Source: www.medicinenet.com)