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Viola sororia range

Viola sororia range

Viola sororia range

Viola sororia, known commonly as the common blue violet, is a short-stemmed herbaceous perennial plant that is native to eastern North America. It is known by a number of common names, including common meadow violet, purple violet, woolly blue violet, hooded violet, and wood violet. Its cultivar 'Albiflora' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Viola sororia

Beyond its use as a common lawn and garden plant, Viola sororia has historically been used for food and for medicine. The flowers and leaves are edible, and some sources suggest the roots can also be eaten. The Cherokee used it to treat colds and headaches. Rafinesque, in his Medical Flora, a Manual of the Medical Botany of the United States of North America (1828–1830), wrote of Viola sororia being used by his American contemporaries for coughs, sore throats, and constipation.Beyond its use as a common lawn and garden plant, Viola sororia has historically been used for food and for medicine. The flowers and leaves are edible, and some sources suggest the roots can also be eaten. The Cherokee used it to treat colds and headaches. Rafinesque, in his Medical Flora, a Manual of the Medical Botany of the United States of North America (1828–1830), wrote of Viola sororia being used by his American contemporaries for coughs, sore throats, and constipation.

Here in Apple Valley, this is the largest acaulescent species. We have both blue-violet and nearly all-white flowering forms. Which put on a showy display in the yard each spring, growing in dense colonies. In the woods, they are typically more scattered. They are perennials, and most seeds are produced from cleistogamous flowers that are formed after the showing flowers are done blooming. Some of the white flowering plants have crossed with Viola sororia 'Freckles' giving rise to white flowers with blue specks and blotches. Dear and woodchucks eat the foliage.Native to eastern and central North America, Viola sororia (Common Blue Violet) is a stemless, low-growing perennial with glossy, heart-shaped leaves topped with attractive, large blue-violet flowers with conspicuous white throats. Each flower sits atop its own leafless stalk. In addition to the normal flowers, there are often flowers near the ground that fail to open, but their fruit produces vast quantities of seeds. Blooming in mid spring and sometimes intermittently into late summer, this Violet is so pretty that it is the state flower of Illinois, Rhode Island, New Jersey, and Wisconsin! (Source: www.gardenia.net)

 

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