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FutureStarrScientific Name of Pig:
The scientific name of the pig is Sus scrofa. It was the first pig to be domesticated, and has since become the most common farm animal. The scientific name comes from Latin, meaning "the sow". There are two other Eurasian wild pigs but they are not kept in captivity. Growth Rate: Slow Housing.
The pig (Sus domesticus), often called swine, hog, or domestic pig when distinguishing from other members of the genus Sus, is an omnivorous, domesticated even-toed ungulate. It is variously considered a subspecies of the Eurasian boar or a distinct species, but the American Society of Mammalogists conPigs are even-toed ungulate mammals (Order Artiodactyla) of the genus Sus, within the Suidae family. They are native to Eurasia and northern Africa. Pigs, in the wild, live mostly in forests and partly wooded areas and play an important role in nature. The domestic pig, Sus scrofa domesticus, was one of the first animals domesticated by humans and is still today one of the most important domestic animals. (Source:siders it the latter. (Source:
DNA evidence from subfossil remains of teeth and jawbones of Neolithic pigs shows that the first domestic pigs in Europe had been brought from the Near East. This stimulated the domestication of local European wild boar, resulting in a third domestication event with the Near Eastern genes dying out in European pig stock. Modern domesticated pigs have involved complex exchanges, with European domesticated lines being exported, in turn, to the ancient Near East.
In August 2015, a study looked at over 100 pig genome sequences to ascertain their process of domestication, which was assumed to have been initiated by humans, involved few individuals, and relied on reproductive isolation between wild and domestic forms. The study found that the assumption of reproductive isolation with population bottlenecks was not supported. The study indicated that pigs were domesticated separately in Western Asia and China, with Western Asian pigs introduced into Europe, where they crossed with wild boar. A model that fit the data included a mixture with a now extinct ghost population of wild pigs during the Pleistocene. The study also found that despite back-crossing with wild pigs, the genomes of domestic pigs have strong signatures of selection at DNA loci that affect behavior and morphology. The study concluded that human selection for domestic traits likely counteracted the homogenizing effect of gene flow from wild boars and created domestication islands in the genome. The same process may also apply to other domesticated animals. (Source: en.wikipedia.org)
Pigs, along with wild boars and hogs belong to the family Suidae. Hence, members of this group are suids. Pigs are even-toed ungulates, hence they fall under the order Artiodactyla, which also includes other animals such as giraffes, American bison and even the killer whale. The domestic pig (Sus domesticus) is one of the well-known members of the family Suidae, with over 677 million individuals (as of January 2020). The wild boar is the ancestor of the domestic pig and it is native across Europe and Asia. Humans have also introduced pigs on other continents such as North and South America as well as Australia.