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Red Snowberry

Red Snowberry

Red Snowberry

Buckbrush, also known as coralberry (Symphoricarpos orbiculatus) and western snowberry, also known as wolfberry (Symphoricarpos occidentalis) are native rhizomatous shrubs found in Kansas. Both species occur on rangelands and as an understory species in woodlands. Buckbrush occurs in the eastern 2/3 of Kansas, whereas western snowberry grows in western and northcentral Kansas. These two species are known to grow together in northcentral Kansas (Figure 1).Vegetatively, these two species can be difficult to distinguish. Both species have somewhat ovate-shaped leaves, but the leaves of western snowberry are larger (Figure 2). In the fall, buckbrush produces a red fruit, whereas the fruit of western snowberry is white. Buckbrush is taller, up to 6 feet in height, and produces stolons.

Snowberry

Herbicides can also be used to control buckbrush and western snowberry. The best time to spray occurs after the plants are fully leafed out, but before the leaves are too mature (generally mid-May to early June). A number of herbicides can be used, but 2,4-D low volatile ester formulations at 1.5 to 2 lbs/acre are usually quite effective. Chaparral can be used alone at 3 oz/acre, but I prefer adding 2 pint/acre 2,4-D to 2 oz/acre Chaparral. Grazon P+D can also provide acceptable control. Caution should be used if treating cool-season grasses with Chaparral. Grazon P+D is a restricted use pesticide. Remember, always read the label when considering the use of herbicides.Snowberry typically grows as wide as it is tall and makes a nice hedge. The flowering period is followed by attractive bright white berries in early fall. The berries will generally remain on naked stems in the winter because they are not a favorite of most birds. The leaves are hosts for the caterpillars of the moth Hemaris diffinis (Snowberry Clearwing or Hummingbird Clearwing). It is also known as White Coralberry.

Snowberry is deciduous shrub that belongs to the honeysuckle family. There are around 15 species of snowberry. All except one originate from North America. Snowberry can be found along the streams, in the swamps, moist clearings and open forests. It prefers well-drained, heavy soils (clay) and areas that provide enough sun. People cultivate snowberry in ornamental purposes because of its decorative white-colored fruit.Infusion made of snowberries can be used in treatment of sore, watery eyes. Fresh snowberries can soothe burns, rash and sores on the skin. Root and stem can be used in treatment of urinary retention, tuberculosis, venereal diseases and fever associated with toothache. (Source: www.softschools.com)

 

 

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