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FutureStarrLong Beach to Los Angeles
Many people use this term to mean either "a long way down" or "a long way across", but these words have never before meant what they do today. In this article we look at how these words have developed their meaning in the context of space and distance. The word "long", meaning "long" does not refer to a physical distance because when we say "long" we are referring to a sense of
Indigenous people have lived in coastal Southern California for over 10,000 years, and several successive cultures have inhabited the present-day area of Long Beach. By the 16th-century arrival of Spanish explorers, the dominant group was the Tongva people. They had at least three major settlements within the present-day city. Tevaaxa'anga was an inland settlement near the Los Angeles River, while Ahwaanga and Povuu'nga were coastal villages. Along with other Tongva villages, they were forced to relocate in the mid-19th century due to missionization, political change, and a drastic drop in population from exposure to European diseases.
Following the U.S. Conquest of California, Temple had his Rancho Los Cerritos deeded to him by the Public Land Commission. In 1866, Temple sold Rancho Los Cerritos for $20,000 to the Northern California sheep-raising firm of Flint, Bixby & Company, which consisted of brothers Thomas and Benjamin Flint and their cousin Lewellyn Bixby. Two years previous Flint, Bixby & Co had also purchased along with Northern California associate James Irvine, three ranchos which would later become the city that bears Irvine's name. To manage Rancho Los Cerritos, the company selected Lewellyn's brother Jotham Bixby, the "Father of Long Beach". Three years later, Bixby bought into the property and would later form the Bixby Land Company. In the 1870s, as many as 30,000 sheep were kept at the ranch and sheared twice yearly to provide wool for trade. In 1880, Bixby sold 4,000 acres (16 km (Source:en.wikipedia.org)
Another Bixby cousin, John W. Bixby, was influential in the city. After first working for his cousins at Los Cerritos, J.W. Bixby leased land at Rancho Los Alamitos. He put together a group: banker I.W. Hellman, Lewellyn and Jotham Bixby, and him, to purchase the rancho. In addition to bringing innovative farming methods to the Alamitos (which under Abel Stearns in the late 1850s and early 1860s was once the largest cattle ranch in the US), J.W. Bixby began the development of the oceanfront property near the city's picturesque bluffs. Under the name Alamitos Land Company, J.W. Bixby named the streets and laid out the parks of his new city. This area would include Belmont Heights, Belmont Shore and Naples; it soon became a thriving community of its own. J.W. Bixby died in 1888 of apparent appendicitis. The Rancho Los Alamitos property was split up, with Hellman getting the southern third, Jotham and Lewellyn, the northern third, and J.W. Bixby's widow and heirs keeping the central third. The Alamitos townsite was kept as a separate entity, but at first, it was primarily run by Lewellyn and Jotham Bixby, although I.W, Hellman (who had the largest single share) had a significant veto power, an influence made even stronger as the J.W. Bixby heirs began to side with Hellman more and more.
The M6.4 1933 Long Beach earthquake caused significant damage to the city and surrounding areas, killing a total of 120 people. Most of the damage occurred in unreinforced masonry buildings, especially schools. Pacific Bible Seminary (now known as Hope International University) was forced to move classes out of First Christian Church of Long Beach and into a small local home due to damage. (Source: en.wikipedia.org)
Since 2010, the Pacific Island Ethnic Art Museum – PIEAM (695 Alamitos Ave) has been displaying the art of different cultures of the Pacific islands thanks to the vision of Robert Gumbiner, the founder of the museum, who was also an art collector, traveler, and a philanthropist. Here we find exhibitions, educational programs, permanent collections, and real-time art demonstrations. The museum is open from Wednesday to Sunday from 11:00 am to 5:00 pm except for Christmas Eve, Christmas, New Year’s Day, and the 4th of July. Admission is $5 for adults, $3 for seniors and students, and free for children 12 years old or younger. There is free parking at 644 Alamitos Ave or at the Museum of Latin American Art.
In May, there is the Taste of Downtown between 1st Street and 3rd Street when all the local chefs meet in that “block”. Downtown restaurants offer some of their best dishes and the food is incredible. Each tasting costs $1. New Year’s Eve is celebrated with great energy at the event called New Year’s Eve on Pine Avenue from 8:00 pm to 2:00 am. Musicians perform on three stages at the intersection of 1st and 4th Avenue. (Source: www.travelinusa.us)