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FutureStarrEvening Primrose Plant Information
Use Medicinal: Clinical trials with Evening Primrose oil indicate that it may be evaluable in treating a number of disorders, including heart disease and arthritis. (Clough) Studies have shown that evening-primrose oil can help treat eczema, asthma, migraine headaches, heart disease, high coholesterol, inflammation, PMS, breast problems, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and even alcoholism. (Kershaw) Amerindians used root tea for obesity, bowel pains; poulticed roots for piles, bruises; rubbed root on muscles to give athletes strength (Foster & Duke) Whole plant soaked in warm water used as a poultice to heal bruises.
Common evening primrose is a winter annual or biennial found on roadsides, railway tracks and waste places especially on light-sandy or gravely soils. It may also be a weed of meadows, pastures, vineyards, fruit crops and neglected fields. Common evening primrose was thought to be a mainland European species but probably arrived there from North America in the 17th century and then spread to Britain in the 19th century. It was well established on sandhills along the Somerset coast in 1905 having been first recorded there in 1837. Populations of common evening-primrose consist of many different but intergrading biotypes. It is able to tolerate drought conditions.Evening primrose is typically grown from seed and, although you can buy the seeds online, you can just as easily collect seeds from wild plants growing along the roadside or in public gardens. Once you get evening primrose seeds, plant them either in autumn or early spring in a location that boasts full sun where the soil has been previously cultivated. Sow the seeds on top of the soil and water well. After germination, thin the seedlings so that they are approximately 1 foot apart.
In its first year of life, evening primrose will not flower but will simply produce a leafy rosette at ground level. During the second year, a tall, stiff flower stem shoots up out of this base. About midway up this flower stem, secondary branching occurs, and the leaves become progressively smaller the farther you go up the flower stem. The four-petaled blooms that begin emerging at the start of summer are about 1 inch wide. They'll eventually die off and produce seeds, which are then spread throughout the landscape by various weather conditions or eaten by wild birds.Beyond being a beautiful, vibrant addition to your garden or landscape, evening primrose plants have a storied history in the medicinal community; some of the common names for the plant, such as cure-all or fever plant, allude to these holistic properties. These days, it's most commonly seen as an herbal supplement or oil and used for skin disorders, as well as pain issues related to diseases like multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis. (Source: www.thespruce.com)