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but has been reported to exist as far north as West Virginia and Oregon. Worldwide it has been observed from 45°N to 45°S. It grows on wet lands, dry lands, areas of high salinity, organic soils, clay soils, and sandy soils of pH from 4.0 to 7.5. It prefers full sun but will tolerate some shade. In Florida, I. cylindrica is found in areas where the soil has been disturbed, such as roadsides, building sites, timber harvesting areas, and borrow pits. It is able to invade both moist and dry upland pine forests. Once established it often forms dense monocultures.
The African spear plant (Sansevieria cylindrica), also known as the cylindrical snake plant, is a succulent that consists of upright, gray-green, subtly striped leaves. The leaves are cylindrical in shape but narrow to a point at their tips. When grown in optimal conditions, African spear plants might send up a long flower spike from their center that's full of tiny, delicate, white blooms. They are best planted at the start of the growing season in the spring, and they’re generally a slow-growing succulent.Imperata cylindrica (Linn) Raeuschel., Nom. Bot., ed. 3, 10. 1797. Boiss., Fl. Or. 5: 452. 1884; Blatter & McCann, Bombay Grasses 42. 1935; Bor, Fl. Assam 5: 310. 1940; Hubbard in Imp. Agr. Bur., Joint Pub. 7: 5-13. 1944; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 1:70. 1958; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 169. 1960; Bor in Towns., Guest & Al-Rawi, H. Iraq 9: 532. 1968; Bor in Rech. f., H. Iran. 70: 513. 1970; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 691. 1976; Clayton in Tutin et al., Fl. Eur. 5:265. 1980.
Imperata cylindrica is a medicinal plant native to southwestern Asia and the tropical and subtropical zones. To date, 72 chemical constituents have been isolated and identified from I. cylindrica Among these compounds, saponins, flavonoids, phenols, and glycosides are the major constituents. Investigations of pharmacological activities of I. cylindrica revealed that this edible medicinal herb exhibits a wide range of therapeutic potential including immunomodulatory, antibacterial, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, and liver protection activities both in vivo and in vitro. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of I. cylindrica studies until 2019. This article also intends to review advances in the botanical, phytochemical, and pharmacological studies and industrial applications of I. cylindrica, which will provide a useful bibliography for further investigations and applications of I. cylindrica in medicines and foods.Sometimes called the African spear plant, the Sansevieria cylindrica offers all the ease and durability of the popular snake plant and the appeal of lucky bamboo. The plant consists of stout, cylindrical spears that spring from the sandy soil. They can be braided or left in their natural fan shape. Best of all, they can be almost entirely ignored and still thrive. (Source: etree.pk)