Corn Plant

Corn Plant

Corn Plant

This plant is young with many green leaves.


A slow-growing shrub in frost-free tropical climates, the corn plant is typically grown as a houseplant. It is called a corn plant because of the resemblance of the tall, unbranched stem to a corn stalk; the habit is palm-like with age and leaf drop. Cultivars of this species are used as a specimen, filler, screen, or hedge. It has been shown by NASA to remove indoor air pollutants. It will survive under low light conditions for 2-3 years.

Corn plant is the most variable of three commonly cultivated dragon palms due to having a broader cultivar selection. It can be distinguished from the other two by the medium-width leaves, commonly between 1-2.5". (Source: plants.ces.ncsu.edu)

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: It is susceptible to thrips and mealybugs. It is sensitive to fluorides and built-up salts so if leaves turn brown try watering with non-fluorinated water and flush salts monthly.

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. (Source: plants.ces.ncsu.edu)Flowers appear in panicles 6–60 in. long. Individual flowers are an inch in diameter, with a six-lobed corolla, starting out as pink, opening white with a fine red or purple central line on each of the lobes. The flowers are highly fragrant. Rarely blooms as a house plant. (Source: plants.ces.ncsu.edu)

With leaves resembling Zea mays, the plant that produces edible corn, ‘Dracaena’ corn plants or Dracaena fragrans may not produce corn, but it will bring a pop of color to your space. A native of West Africa, this plant gets its name from plant stalk and leaves resembling a cornstalk plant. Here are some other facts about corn plants: (Source: www.trees.com)

Corn plants are most often grown as potted plants. Because this plant likes to be root-bound, you should choose the smallest container that will fit the plant. Corn plants do not tolerate waterlogged soil, so make sure the pot has drainage holes. To ensure sufficient drainage, use a loose, loamy potting soil mix or lava rock mixed with soil. (Source:www.trees.com)

www.trees.com www.trees.com))Corn plants should be watered once every one to two weeks, depending on the amount of light the plant receives. Check your corn plant before watering, and only water when the top inch of the soil is dry. Corn plants are sensitive to chemicals that are often found in tap water, like fluoride and boron, which can cause discoloration or stunted growth. Because of that, you should use distilled water. Fertilizing is generally not required for corn plants, but if you choose to feed your corn plant, use a balanced liquid fertilizer about once a month during the growing sWhen it comes to lighting, corn plants are tolerant of most lighting conditions, although they do best in moderate, indirect sunlight. It’s also important to choose a spot that’s protected from drafts.

In most cases, you will only need to prune your corn plant for aesthetic reasons. Leaves typically begin to yellow after two to three years, at which time they can be pruned away to make room for new growth. Prune the leaves at the nodes where the leaf sprouts from the branch. Corn plants can grow quite tall, so you may also need to trim your plant to prevent it from outgrowing its space. To reduce the plant’s height, you can trim off the top portion by cutting it horizontally with garden shears. (Source: www.trees.com)

Keep an eye out for pests like spider mites, thrips, scale, and mealybugs, which are all common houseplant pests. Dusting the plant leaves regularly can help prevent infestations. Signs of pest infestation include dark residue on leaves, stunted growth, and discoloration. Most infestations can be remedied with insecticidal soap or neem oil. (Source: www.trees.com)

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