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FutureStarrCommon Lady Fernor
lady fern, (Athyrium filix-femina), a large, feathery fern (family Athyriaceae) widely cultivated for ornamentation. Lady ferns occur in moist semi-shaded areas in the temperate zones of the world. There are numerous cultivars, and the taxonomy is sometimes divided into three species: common lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina), narrow lady fern (A. angustum), and southern lady fern (A. asplenioides). The lady fern is a charming plant. The plant is often compared to a delicate woman to its spindly leaves and attractive drooping flowers. It's easy to see how the leaves lend themselves to this association. Nature has carved out a lot of brilliant beauty within the plant itself. Other things the fern can project: grace, nobility, and softness.
Athyrium filix-femina (Lady Fern or Common Lady-fern) is a large, feathery species of fern native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere, where it is often abundant (one of the more common ferns) in damp, shady woodland environments and is often grown for decoration. The plant is caespitose (the fronds arising from a central point as a clump rather than along a rhizome). The fronds are light yellow-green, 20-90 centimeter long and 5-25 centimeter broad; they are deciduous. Sori appear as dots on the underside of the frond, 1-6 per pinnule. They are covered by a prominently whitish to brown reniform (kidney-shaped) indusium. Fronds are very dissected, being 3-pinnate. The stripe may bear long, pale brown, papery scales at the base.Like other fern varieties, the lady fern is a low-maintenance plant perfect for well-draining, shady areas of the garden.
Once established, these ferns need little attention and do not struggle with common diseases or pests. When choosing where to place these ferns, it is important to consider soil condition and sunlight. Though you may want to plant them near your flowers, they will not thrive if they receive too much sun or too little water. Choose an area with sandy, moist, well-draining soil and low sunlight. These plants are naturally found in woodlands, swamps, meadows, ravines, or by streams and other water sources. Try to mimic these environments.Consistent watering is important for lady fern plants. If these ferns dry out, they become brown and wilted. However, despite their dismal looks, the lady fern springs back very well. With some watering and care, these plants will become lush again. Aim to keep the soil evenly moist, but not soggy. This is most important during the plant's first year. Once established, the lady fern is quite hardy and can tolerate periods without water. (Source: www.thespruce.com)