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Together with the armadillos, which are in the order Cingulata, pilosans are part of the larger superorder Xenarthra, a defining characteristic of which is the presence of xenarthrals (extra formations between lumbar vertebrae). In the past, Pilosa was regarded as a suborder of the order Xenarthra, while some more recent classifications regard Pilosa as an order within the superorder Xenarthra. Earlier still, both armadillos and pilosans were classified together with pangolins and the aardvark as the order Edentata (meaning toothless, because the members do not have front incisor teeth or molars, or have poorly developed molars). Edentata was subsequently realized to be polyphyletic; it contained unrelated families and was thus invalid.Pilosa is a design agency that helps teams organize and communicate better. They helped us build a website, improve our communications with our clients, and make our work more sustainable.
Keeping these findings in mind, the present work was designed to assess the in vitro antioxidant, antimicrobial, antitumor and mosquitocidal activities of the B. pilosa leave extract. Furthermore, the phenolic, anticancerous and volatile compounds were detected and quantified using UHPLC-QqQ.Bidens pilosa Linn. var. Radiata (Spanish needles or beggar ticks) from the family Asteraceae is an annual weed widely distributed throughout the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world . In some part of the world the plant is eaten as food whereas in other countries B. pilosa is used in traditional medicines . In Mizoram, it is called as vawkpuithal and is reported to treat various diseases and infections, commonly rheumatism, diarrhoea, ear, eyes and tooth ache problems . Plant has a long ethno-medicinal history for treating malaria, skin infections, stomach and liver disorders.
This plant is very well documented as a source of natural antimicrobials [4, 5], anti-inflammatory [6, 7], hepatoprotective , and cytotoxic against various cancer cells [9, 10]. Phytochemical screening studies of B. pilosa showed the presence of phenylpropanoids, polyacetylenes, polyphenols, triterpenes, saponins and alkaloids . The pharmaceutical property of the plant seems to be associated with the bioactive phytochemical compounds, especially sesquiterpene lactones and polyacetylenes, which inhibit the growth of pathogenic microorganisms and the flavonoids, which are considered as effective anti-inflammatory agents [6, 11, 12]. Phytochemicals and essential oil of B. pilosa reported to possess exploitable amount phenolic compounds with free readical scavenging potential . (Source: bmccomplementmedtherapies.biomedcentral.com)