First Public Global Database of Fossil Fuels Launches

First Public Global Database of Fossil Fuels Launches

First Public Global Database of Fossil Fuels Launches

First public global database of fossil fuels launches

The World Resources Institute, Carbon Tracker, and Global Energy Monitor have partnered to launch the first public global database of fossil fuels. The goal is to empower civil society groups to hold governments responsible for fossil fuel extraction. The registry also aims to provide scientists with the data they need to make informed decisions.

Carbon Tracker

A nonprofit think tank called Carbon Tracker has launched the Global Registry of Fossil Fuels, a database that compiles data on fossil fuels produced in more than 89 countries. The registry makes previously dispersed and difficult-to-access data available to the public.

This database is a free, open, and fully transparent database of fossil fuels and their global emissions. It is the first of its kind and tracks production, reserves, and emissions of fossil fuels. It contains data from over 50,000 fields in 89 countries, covering about 75 percent of the world's reserves. The Carbon Tracker database can be used to inform policymakers and the public about how fossil fuels are being used and how much they are costing the world.

Global Energy Monitor

The Global Registry of Fossil Fuels has launched, capturing data from over 50,000 fields in 89 countries. It covers 75 percent of the world's fossil fuel reserves, production, and release, and is available for the public to use. This database complements the International Energy Agency's database of fossil fuel reserves and demand.

The Global Registry of Fossil Fuels is a groundbreaking database that tracks fossil fuel reserves, production, and emissions. It contains data on more than 50,000 fields in 89 countries, covering about 75% of the world's oil and gas reserves. According to the Global Registry, the United States and Russia have enough fossil fuel reserves to burn through the entire carbon budget. That would generate 3.5 trillion tons of greenhouse gas emissions.

The database also allows users to look at fossil fuel reserves with high-resolution maps. They can also view carbon dioxide emissions at a global, country, or field level. The data also allows users to compare and analyze the role of fossil fuels in a country's economy. Users can even simulate a transition away from fossil fuels under four different scenarios.

The launch of the first public global database of fossil fuels comes at an important time for global climate talks. The UN General Assembly begins Sept. 19 in New York City, and the COP27 conference in Sharm el-Sheikh starts in November. The global community needs to make a significant dent in carbon emissions, so the data is critical to the discussions.

World Resources Institute

The World Resources Institute has launched the world's first public database on fossil fuels, dubbed Carbon Tracker. The database tracks the production and reserves of fossil fuels around the world, as well as their carbon release. The launch of the database comes just in time for two major climate talks, the United Nations General Assembly beginning September 13 and the COP27 conference in Sharm El Skeikh starting in November.

The Global Registry of Fossil Fuels covers three-quarters of the world's energy production. The US and Russia alone have enough fossil fuel reserves to blow through the world's carbon budget, according to the IPCC's 50% probability scenario. The database will help policymakers develop strategies for reducing their reliance on fossil fuels.

Carbon Tracker is a nonprofit organization that studies energy use and financial markets. It collaborated with Global Energy Monitor, an energy monitoring group that follows energy projects around the world. The organization's founder Mark Campanale hopes that the database will empower groups to take action to reduce their carbon output.

A global database of fossil fuels is an important step in climate action, and the Global Registry of Fossil Fuels aims to increase transparency and accountability by making such data publicly available. The database has data from more than 50,000 oil fields across 89 countries. It makes previously unpublished and disparate data readily available for anyone to view.

Despite this enormous global problem, we still burn fossil fuels at a rate faster than the human race can eliminate them from the atmosphere. If we continue to burn these fossil fuels, we would blow the planet's carbon budget seven times over and be at risk of catastrophic climate change. While governments have committed to limit global warming to 1.5C, they aren't actively preventing new coal leases and are issuing permits for coal that are unrelated to climate commitments. So, we need to take action now to keep our world from getting any worse.

Carbon Tracker hopes to empower civil society groups to hold governments accountable for fossil fuel extraction

The global carbon budget for 1.5C has been set at 500gt, based on the IPCC's 50% probability scenario. However, many countries are ignoring this target, resulting in a high carbon footprint. The Global Energy Monitor database was released alongside the UNGA in New York to coincide with the COP27 climate conference in Sharm el-Sheikh. It enables users to look at fossil fuel reserves and examine how fossil fuel extraction impacts their economy. It even includes a simulation tool, which allows users to explore the effects of transitioning away from fossil fuels under four different scenarios.

Carbon Tracker aims to make this data more accessible by creating a global registry of fossil fuel reserves and production. It hopes to empower these groups to hold governments accountable for fossil fuel extraction. The global registry contains data from more than 50 countries, representing 75% of the world's reserves.

The Carbon Tracker initiative has already seen some positive results. The initiative has been a partner of the Powering Past Coal Alliance, which includes 37 businesses, 33 national governments, and 27 subnational governments. It has also supported the BP resolution tying capex to climate change. It also has engaged with regulators in China.

In addition to working with governments, Carbon Tracker has also collaborated with global accounting body ACCA to map the lack of attention that has been paid to climate risk. The group also engaged with policymakers and regulators, and presented its stranded assets concept at the Financial Stability Board. It also contributed to the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures.

The Anatomy of an AI System

anatomy of an ai system

To understand how AI systems affect our environment and our lives, we need to understand what they are. An infographic created by Crawford and Joler offers a good introduction. In one diagram, the authors trace the lifespan of a common device. They use the popular Amazon Echo device to illustrate their points. The diagram includes information about its environmental impact, personal data collected, and global impact.

Unsupervised learning

Unsupervised learning is an important aspect of machine learning. It can help AI systems detect patterns and trends in a dataset. This is useful for tasks like cluster analysis, which involves grouping objects according to similarities. In most cases, an AI system will combine supervised and unsupervised learning techniques. But there are some key differences between the two methods.

Supervised learning involves the use of labels and categories to guide the learning process. Unsupervised learning, on the other hand, relies on an algorithm that identifies patterns in data without labeling or categorization. The system then classifies input objects according to the patterns it has discovered.

Unsupervised learning in an AI system has several limitations. For one, it is not as accurate as supervised learning. For example, spectral classes don't always correspond to informational classes. Another disadvantage is that the user must spend time labeling or interpreting the classification. Thus, it requires more time than supervised learning.

In contrast, supervised learning can be useful for classification and regression problems. However, it's limited by the volume of data it uses. Typically, an AI system is taught how to classify certain data types. Unlike unsupervised learning, supervised learning requires humans to manually instruct the algorithm. It also requires huge amounts of data.

A blend of supervised and unsupervised learning is called semi-supervised learning. It trains the system for a high-level overview, where a portion of the data will be labeled and the rest will be unlabeled. The goal of the algorithm is to maximize its chances of achieving a reward. The process is time-consuming and requires a lot of computational resources.

Language understanding

One aspect of AI is language understanding. This field has a diverse range of applications, ranging from simple text classification to complex task analysis. The majority of real-world applications are somewhere in between. For example, automatic email classification is an example of a low-level application that doesn't require a deep understanding of text. More advanced applications, however, require a much more sophisticated vocabulary and a more complex syntax.

The technology behind AI systems is complex. They use materials that took billions of years to produce. As a result, they are exploited for very short technological timescales. The lifespan of a smartphone, for example, is only 4.7 years, according to the Consumer Technology Association. This obsolescence cycle fuels demand for new devices, fuels profits, and increases the risk of unsustainably extractive practices.

Modern NLP combines both rule-based and statistical components. Rule-based systems require human programming, whereas statistical systems learn models from data. Each has advantages and disadvantages. Here are some of the key components of NLP: ‘human-like' language, natural language processing, and speech-recognition.

A knowledge-based AI system incorporates both NLP and machine learning. NLP allows an AI program to access a huge database of knowledge. This knowledge can be used to develop decision-making systems. It can be used to develop algorithms that analyze clinical data. In addition, it can assist healthcare workers in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with various conditions.


In AI, problem-solving involves determining the best possible measure to achieve a desired outcome. This is the first step in the problem formulation process. The next step is to choose the most appropriate measure based on the description of the problem. Without this stage, the AI entity would end up in chaos with many different possible measures, courses, and choices.

To create a successful AI system, it is essential to use algorithms that are designed to solve real-world problems. These algorithms are built to use efficient algorithms, logical equations, and modeling paradigms to make decisions. But to reach this goal, AI systems must overcome several barriers. Some of these obstacles include irrelevant information and unnecessary constraints. Another challenge in AI is that single problems may have multiple solutions and different heuristics may be necessary to solve each of them.

During the problem-solving process, an AI agent will map out states and actions to determine a solution. This technique is called goal-based problem-solving. It involves several steps and involves the application of heuristics, B-tree algorithms, and other problem-solving techniques.

The process of problem-solving is a very common feature in AI systems. These algorithms help computers solve complex tasks, including mathematical problems and logic puzzles. These systems are designed to solve various real-world problems, such as personalizing shopping experiences, fraud detection, and recommendation systems. Furthermore, AI can be applied to common gaming problems, such as word games and crypto arithmetic.

Global infrastructure

When deploying AI, it's crucial to have the right foundation in place. This means identifying and using IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service) providers. These services can provide high-performance, dedicated servers that will boost performance and help organizations continue to invest in AI without blowing their budgets. In addition, the right IaaS providers can offer automation tools that can optimize performance.

As the size and complexity of AI systems grow, the required infrastructure will increase. Fortunately, there are many companies that offer such services. For example, NVIDIA Corporation, AMD, Cisco, Dell, Micron Technology, Oracle Corporation, and Toshiba are among the companies offering AI infrastructure. These companies are among the largest players in the global AI infrastructure market.

In addition to massive computing power, AI systems need ample storage and networking resources. Cloud computing services and servers with multiple cores are ideal for this purpose. Massive amounts of data are also required for AI training. With so much data, the need for increased storage and computing capacity will only increase. Moreover, a network must have high-speed connectivity.

North America dominates the artificial intelligence infrastructure market. It accounts for the largest share of the global AI infrastructure market by 2020. The US and Canada are technologically advanced economies that have a strong focus on R&D for new technologies. This region is expected to grow at the highest rate. If you want to know more about AI infrastructure, check out the following information.

To make AI solutions a success, organizations must invest in the appropriate infrastructure. Many of these solutions require new hardware and software integration. Often, this requires the use of cloud and public infrastructure services. The right infrastructure will enable developers to focus on developing AI models.

Rare earth minerals

Rare earth minerals are a vital part of the manufacturing process for many products. They can be found in batteries, solar panels and computers. They are also used to build night-vision goggles, aircraft engines and nuclear reactor control rods. China is the world's largest source of rare earth minerals. The US has been pushing to build its industrial base and develop its own manufacturing facilities.

Rare earth elements are abundant in the Earth's crust. They are found in different concentrations in different minerals. After mining, raw ores are processed to isolate high-purity rare earth elements through complex chemical processes. This process is called solvent extraction. It involves passing materials through a series of hundreds of chambers filled with liquids.

Researchers developed an artificial intelligence system to help identify the right rare earth compounds. The algorithm uses machine learning to analyze a database of information, finding patterns and correlations. The algorithm then predicts possible matches to the database. Rare earth materials are important parts of a wide variety of electronic components. However, finding compounds that will maximize their use is challenging.

These elements have unique chemical and physical properties, making them important in a variety of industries. In addition to semiconductors, rare earth elements are used in LEDs, plasma displays, and lasers. They are also used in a wide range of other technologies. If your company uses these materials, you'll want to make sure you have the right supply.

Rare earth minerals are essential to modern electronics. They are crucial for green technologies and electronics. Researchers say the increasing demand for smartphones is putting pressure on the world's environment. But how can we avoid such an impact? One way to reduce the impact of REE on the environment is to recycle as much of them as possible.

Global Fossil Fuel Commitments Database

Global Fossil Fuel Commitments Database

Investing in fossil fuels can lead to clean energy

As the world prepares for climate change, more investment in clean energy is needed. According to the International Energy Agency, we need to invest at least $36 trillion per year until 2050, or $1 trillion more per year than we are currently investing. This includes investments in renewable energy sources, energy efficiency, and energy smart technologies.

However, this isn't going to happen overnight. While the world economy can benefit from the clean energy transition, it has to be managed carefully. Once demand for fossil fuels begins to decline, people will see the value of their investments. And if demand for fossil fuels continues to fall, a financial crisis comparable to that of 2008 could occur. It could also mean that oil capitals suffer a similar fate to Detroit experienced after the car industry collapsed.

Investing in clean energy is a critical part of a comprehensive strategy to address the climate and health challenges. By 2050, we could reduce our carbon footprint by half and save $100 trillion per year on fuel. Clean energy investments can also create jobs. If we quadruple the annual investment in clean energy, millions of new jobs could be created.

In the coming years, we will see increasing investment opportunities in clean energy. With stable cash flows, clean energy will be more attractive for institutional investors. In addition, a focus on large-scale deployment of renewable energy assets will lead to more investment opportunities. Furthermore, the cost of clean energy assets will fall, which will reduce project costs and make clean energy more affordable.

Increasing investment in clean energy is important because it will diversify portfolios and improve the performance of portfolios. In addition, clean energy infrastructure investments provide stable cash flows and low volatility. They often index to inflation, making them an excellent choice for portfolio diversification. The potential returns are high and the risk is low.

The public's perception of clean energy is generally positive. A recent survey found that 66% of voters believe that clean energy investments will help the US economy and its workers. This reflects a general bipartisan support for clean energy policies. Moreover, it is worth pointing out that fossil fuels have been relatively cheap for many years.

While many people believe that investing in fossil fuels will lead to clean energy is a good idea, it can also have adverse consequences. For example, air pollution causes a variety of heart and lung diseases. It also affects the communities that bear the brunt of the pollution. By shifting to clean energy, we can alleviate these heavy burdens and build a healthier workforce.

But fossil fuels also contribute to climate change. As fossil fuels burn, they release large amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide traps heat in our atmosphere and causes global warming. Global warming has led to sea level rise, extreme weather, and extinction of many species. It threatens the future of millions of people around the world.

Cost of fossil fuels

The cost of fossil fuels is one of the most pressing issues facing the world today. Despite the fact that there are numerous alternatives to fossil fuels, many countries are still relying on these products to power their economies. To help reduce global warming, governments must change course and limit the use of fossil fuels.

The costs of fossil fuels are estimated by using E3ME-FTT and Rystad data. The costs are discounted by 6% and cumulated over fifteen years. These costs are shown in the Supplementary Tables and Dataset, and range from US$7 trillion to US$11 trillion.

The fossil fuel industry receives substantial government funding for research and development. These funds are administered by the Department of Energy, through the Office of Advanced Fossil Energy R&D, the Loan Guarantee Program, and the National Energy Technology Lab. These annual appropriations and grants are considered direct subsidies and are directly related to industry competitiveness. Many of these programs are aimed at making coal and oil more efficient.

The costs of fossil fuels are estimated based on how much energy and carbon is produced. This cost is the result of production of a fossil fuel, and it varies by country. The cost of fossil fuels will increase if the demand for the fuel increases more than production.

The full dataset provides more detailed information about investments in fossil fuels, such as the amount and types of investments in the energy sector. It also includes details on funding for specific projects. The report also includes breakdowns by energy sub-type and supply chain stage. Using this information can help countries turn their climate action commitments into strong policies.

The costs of fossil fuels are not accurately reflected in the prices of their products. These costs include the societal, environmental, and health impacts of fossil fuels. This undervaluation is especially problematic for the most vulnerable groups. Minority and low-income populations are often located near high-polluting facilities and are at risk for health problems.

Governments have historically intervened in the energy market. Many fossil fuel companies receive government subsidies for domestic production. Some of these subsidies are as old as a century. While the United States has seen unprecedented economic growth over the past century, it has also been subsidized by fossil fuels, including coal.

The cost of coal continues to rise despite the emergence of cheaper renewable energy sources. However, coal remains a key energy source because of its relatively low cost and ease of transport. Coal is responsible for more than one-third of the world's electricity consumption. This trend is only expected to continue as the world's economy electrifies. In addition, e-mobility and data services will continue to drive electricity demand, increasing the need for fossil fuels.

Achieving a sustainable future requires us to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels. The consumption of fossil fuels is one of the biggest contributors to CO2 emissions.

Environmental impact of fossil fuels

Fossil fuels produce pollutants in the air that can affect human health, and can have a negative impact on aquatic ecosystems. The burning of fossil fuels also releases harmful gases like sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, and mercury. These pollutants can damage the environment and cause acid rain. They can also damage crops and water supplies. Furthermore, fracking fluids can be harmful to waterways and contain arsenic, chlorine, mercury, and lead.

Fossil fuels are formed by decomposing plant and animal matter, and then undergoing a process of heating and pressure. This process makes fossil fuels non-renewable and limited in supply. The global consumption of fossil fuels is far greater than the rate at which they can be created, making them a limited resource. Since the world's supply of fossil fuels is limited, it's essential to preserve these resources and conserve them.

Fossil fuel companies generate massive amounts of greenhouse gases. According to the US-based Climate Accountability Institute, the top 20 fossil fuel companies account for almost half of global emissions since 1965. This includes both investor-owned and state-owned companies. These companies are largely responsible for causing global temperatures to rise.

Fossil fuels have become the primary energy source for the world. However, they are also the main contributor to global warming and environmental degradation. Coal is responsible for the largest proportion of global CO2 emissions per unit of electricity. Its combustion also produces sulphur dioxide and other air pollutants that have damaging effects on human health. As a result, coal production is expected to decline sharply over the coming years.

Extraction of fossil fuels is also harmful to water bodies, groundwater, and the oceans. Coal mining operations can release acid into streams, rivers, and lakes, which can lead to pollution in drinking water. Likewise, oil extraction creates massive amounts of wastewater. In addition to acidic waste, drilling for oil releases heavy metals into the ground and the water.

The production and consumption of fossil fuels accounts for approximately eighty percent of the global primary energy demand. Moreover, the energy system is responsible for two thirds of the global CO2 emissions. It is estimated that if current production and consumption of energy continue at current levels, CO2 levels in the atmosphere will double by 2050, which would have catastrophic effects on the climate.

In addition to carbon dioxide, other pollutants released by fuel burning include methane, nitrous oxides, and benzene. These substances have greater impacts on human health than carbon dioxide, but their residence time is shorter. Methane has the highest effect on the environment. This gas contributes to acid rain and ocean acidification.

To help mitigate the negative effects of fossil fuels, we must use alternative energy sources. Cleaner energy sources such as solar, wind, and hydropower can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions. These alternative energy sources may be used to meet the energy needs of our homes, businesses, and other facilities.

The London Review of Books Says Goodbye to Mary-Kay Wilmers

How MaryKay Wilmers transformed the London Review of

Mary-Kay Wilmers is stepping down from her position as editor of the London Review of Books

The London Review of Books (LRB) is saying goodbye to Mary-Kay Wilmers, the editor who co-founded the magazine in 1979. Wilmers has a long and distinguished career in publishing, helping to launch the magazine and commissioning some of the most important writers of our time. Now 82, she is stepping down from her position as editor.

Before becoming editor of the LRB, Wilmers worked at the Times Literary Supplement, one of the most important literary journals in England. A management lockout in 1978 shut down the paper for nearly a year. She worked under Frank Kermode, an acute critic of the past half-century.

The London Review of Books has a reputation as a prestigious journal. It has become one of the most widely read literary magazines in Europe. In recent years, it has grown to a subscriber list of 88,000.

Wilmers has been married to a British playwright and filmmaker, and they had a son together, Sam. Sam was a charismatic child who had a number of disabilities. He had trouble breathing and would hold his breath for a long time. He couldn't be laid down on his back because of his difficulties with swallowing, and he missed a lot of developmental milestones.

She achieved modernism's 'unbridled leap'

Mary-Kay Wilmers cofounded the London Review of Books forty years ago and has been its sole editor since 1992. She is regarded as a prickly, funny, and formidable character by those who knew her. She is also well known for writing the headline on an Oliver Sacks essay entitled 'The Man Who Mistook His Wife For a Hat'.

During the early 1970s, Wilmers worked at the Times Literary Supplement, the main literary journal in England. The magazine closed down for a year in 1978 following a management lockout. Wilmers' work on the supplement was critical and insightful.

Wilmers' first eight years were spent in America with her parents. Her mother was an artist and a poet; her father was an actor and film director. The two had one child, Sam. Sam was a charismatic child but had a number of challenges, such as breathing problems. He would hold his breath for long periods and choke if he was laid on his back. Sam missed several developmental milestones because of this. Her parents split 18 months after the birth of Sam.

Wilmers was instrumental in founding the LRB. She was its editor for several years and her works have been published in various magazines. She is currently a consulting editor for the LRB. She has also authored a book, 'Human Relations and Other Difficulties', which is a compilation of her short stories.

After leaving Faber, Wilmers joined the Listener, where she worked with Karl Miller. The TLS closed for a year-long industrial dispute in 1978-79, and Wilmers was invited to create a new literary journal. Her mother criticized her for her lack of spiritual aspiration in her work.

Her writers vary widely in backgrounds and politics

The backgrounds of Mary-Kay Wilmers' writers are as varied as their writing styles. Some are eighty-five years old, while others are two decades younger. Renata Adler and Janet Wilmers both have Jewish backgrounds and are products of immigrants. Both writers write in a bracing style that combines humor with serious subject matter.

Wilmers' writers come from diverse backgrounds and political viewpoints. While the magazine's circulation is modest, the diversity of its contributors and themes sparks political debates that stretch far beyond its intended borders. Some writers are historically conservative, while others are more liberal or progressive. For example, Stewart, a pro-Brexit and pro-European political activist, wrote a piece on American counter-insurgency tactics in Afghanistan in 2009.

Her influence on Marianne Moore

Mary-Kay Wilmers is a woman who has had a profound impact on Marianne Moore's work. Her childhood friend Alyse Gregory, who worked at Dial, once described her as large, refined, and washed over with the years. She was a woman of deep roots and remorseless conversation. While her presence is less direct in Leavell's book, her influence is nevertheless evident.

Wilmers has been a key contributor to the magazine for more than forty years. Her contributions to LRB have been published in its journal Human Relations and Other Difficulties. While Wilmers is technically American, she was born in Chicago to a German mother and Russian father. She spent most of her childhood in the United States, though her family eventually moved to Belgium.

Mary-Kay Wilmers cofounded the London Review of Books in 1979 and became the sole editor in 1992. Before her work at LRB, she worked at Faber in London, where T. S. Eliot was also a writer. Later, she worked for the Times Literary Supplement and the Listener.

In her writing, Wilmers' views on gender relations are clear and often hilarious. Her essays explore the complexities of gender relations and explore the limits that men place on women. In the process, she provides a unique perspective on what it means to be a woman in the world.

Her influence on Nina Simone

Various artists have attributed their influences on Nina Simone. For example, the painter Mary-Kay Wilmers studied the music of the Capachica Indians and also studied the compositions of Beethoven and Bartok. Another major figure in the musical world was the renowned jazz pianist and composer Sergey Sudeikin.

Who Edits the London Review of Books?

Who edits London Review of Books

There are several names that come to mind when you think of the London Review of Books. There's Dai George, Mary-Kay Wilmers, and Martha Sprackland. These people have all worked on the publication. They are all notable editors, and their contributions to the journal are diverse and significant.

Mary-Kay Wilmers

Mary-Kay Wilmers is an American editor of the London Review of Books. She was its editor from 1992 to 2021 and is still a consulting editor today. She has been recognized with the Benson Medal. The Benson Medal is awarded to individuals who have made outstanding contributions to literature.

The LRB is a highly regarded journal. Wilmers was an independent and progressive editor, promoting new writing in the process. Her open mind and tireless search for unpublished articles made her an invaluable asset. Her editorial work in the LRB was hailed by LRB staff.

Wilmers has edited the LRB for 30 years and is a co-founder. She also has been a publisher and co-founder of the publication. Her articles were collected in the collection Human Relations and Other Difficulties. She is now a consulting editor at the LRB.

The pandemic has brought about innovation in many areas, including publishing events online and selling stationery and scarves instead of books. Wilmers also introduced podcasts and a web shop. She has been credited with helping launch the LRB's online presence.

The LRB is a journal that publishes twice a month. Many writers contribute to its pages, including Hilary Mantel, Christopher Hitchens, and Seamus Heaney. It includes essays, reviews, and arts criticism. Wilmers and O'Hagan are close friends.

Wilmers spent her early years in the United States. Her parents were gifted and spoke many languages. She attended eight different schools in the United States and Europe. However, she hated the formality of Belgian school and begged to go to boarding school in England. Once there, she felt at home.

The London Review of Books has become an incredibly popular magazine, and one reader has called it "the best thing about being human." The print edition has a circulation of 91,859, with 95% of the copies being actively purchased. Its audience is growing and the magazine's circulation is increasing.

The London Review of Books' readers have a diverse range of interests. The magazine regularly features unknown writers and journalists. Finding the right people to feature is a constant challenge. Increasingly international, the LRB's readers are not only British, but also US and world citizens.

Martha Sprackland

Martha Sprackland is a poet and editor who previously worked at Faber & Faber. She has been involved in the literary world for over 12 years, and has edited for many publishers, including Penguin Random House, Pan Macmillan, Persephone Books, and Peninsula Press. Her preferred genres are literary fiction, nonfiction, and short stories. She has also translated a number of literary works into English.

Sprackland is a writer, editor, and translator from Merseyside, UK. She has published poetry and essays in numerous publications and was a co-founder of the arts magazine Cake Magazine. She was also an assistant poetry editor at Faber and an assistant editor at Poetry London. She is also the editor of La Errante, a multilingual arts magazine. Sprackland also edited Poetry London for three years, from 2018 to 2021.

In addition to editing poetry and fiction at the London Review of Books, Sprackland is the acting poetry editor at Offord Road Books. She is also a founding editor of the multilingual arts zine La Errante. She is currently working on her third full-length poetry collection, and is also writing a non-fiction book about sharks.

Dai George

Dai George was born in Cardiff, Wales and now lives in London. He writes on various subjects, from the state of the world to the music he has loved since childhood. His debut collection was published by Seren in 2013 and won the Evening Standard Book of the Year. He also serves as Reviews Editor for Poetry London. Dai's first novel, The Counterplot, is a historical novel set during the Gunpowder Plot.

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